1763 Essay

This essay has a total of 2124 words and 8 pages.


1763




The year 1763 marked a great turning point for the American colonist, when the Treaty of
Paris ended the worldwide Seven Years’ War. The British empire had had kicked the hated
French out of North America, claiming territorial jurisdiction over French Canada and all
the territory east of the Mississippi river. (Martin 80) The Americans saw this as a great
opportunity to expand westward, of the Appalachian Mounts with out fear of the French any
more. Seeing this as in opportunity to gain more freedom from the English parental rule.
Yet the British had the opposite in mind, the British were now concentrating more on their
American colonies, and planned to levy more taxes to gain more revenue for all the loss
during American wars and balance national debt of England. This disagreement would end an
era of salutary neglect, under which colonist had relative freedom. (Martin 83) After
imposing regulations on the English Mercantile system on what could and could not be grown
in American colonies, and placing limits on what could be bought such as the sugar Act of
1764. Also by imposing the Stamp Act of 1765. And lack of representation for English
taxation, on American colonies. Also American tried to set up a bank and monetary system,
but the English repealed it. American were looking for more freedom, and the English were
becoming stricter, so then came the argument for independence, that split the colonies in
three. Radicals, who wanted immediate change, and freedom from the tyrant rule of England,
wanted a revolution for independence. Then there were the Moderates who did not like what
the English doing, and wanted the English to be more lenient with self-rule, but were
afraid that revolution was going to be a disaster. Then came the Loyalist who supported
the crown, and wanted to continue being part of the English Empire.


Radicals such as Sam Adams, Richard Lee, Paul Revere, Ebenezer Mackintosh, Thomas Pain and
nameless others at first were very unusual in America. At first radicals were the ones to
oppose English taxes, such as the Stamp Act, of 1765, were taxation came from England
without American representation. Also by boycotting British goods in defense of political
liberties. (Martin 94). Starting Sons Of Liberty movement that was to promote American
liberty but was more of a mob that went around picking on British supporters, and
loyalist. When Parliament repealed the Stamp Tax, and was feeling the pressure from the
American boycott the parliament gave in. American radicals saw this as a victory and that
the English crown was weak, but the English saw it as keeping the peace, but could still
tax the Americans at any willing time cause they were part of the English empire. (Martin
91) Americans also wanted their own currency, and establishing their own bank, rather
than using English money that was hard to come by. But the Currency Act in 1964 claimed
that paper money of any colonial government could no longer be used as legal tender, nor
could government issue any new paper bills. (Martin 84) This made it harder to pay debts,
staggered American progress, and economical welfare for colonies.

Radicals were not only fighting for economic rights but as wall as political rights.
Appointed governors, and from the Upper House, had had become tyrants that abused their
powers, levied high taxes, at time when settlers were suffering economically, and gave
favors to other fat cats. (Martin 60) Radicals saw that there was no chance of ever
gaining the independence they wanted while under British rule; the only way to have
complete freedom was to declare independence. As well colonist saw themselves more as
Americans then they did British, years had gone by and ties with English traditions, and
families had declined.

In the Second Continental Congress, was fighting for rights but by spring 1775, the
pendulum swung in favor for revolution. And on July 4, 1776, everything was in place, and
Congress quickly adopted Jefferson’s Document explaining why colonists were seeking
independence. With the aid of the French, and later the Spanish, Moderates and people who
were indifferent to the revolution, joined the radicals on the pursuit of gaining their
independence.


Then there were those apposed to independence. The loyalist such as Ann Houlton and the
loyalist of Anson County, just like many moderates of the time did not like the way that
Great Britain was treaty them but they thought that, that was the way it needed to be if
we are going to be part of the greatest empire at the time. America had been part of the
English Empire for one hundred-sixty- seven years, from the English first settlement in
James Town in 1607. Ever since it has been a partnership or more like when mother is
taking care of a child. The British have protected the Americans from the Indians, from
the French, as well protected American trade. Americans also have right like English
citizens (Stamp Act 128) and saw if Great Britain was prosperous then their colonies would
also be prosperous. And if the American colonies did try to revolt how could a bunch of
unorganized colonies, not well developed or unified, beat the strongest nation at the
time, this would only be committing suicide thousands of lives would be lost, as well as
more taxes and stricter laws and regulations would be laid if the colonies were defeated.
And what if by chance Americans did mange to defeat the British. What type of government
will we have? Who would be running government? Who will be the head of government, who
will be our figure? As well that is why there were so may Moderates; reluctant
revolutionaries did not like how Britain was treating them but they also feared
independence, they envisioned internal chaos in the colonies without the stabilizing
influence of British rule. They also doubted that whether a weak independent country could
survive among aggressive European powers (Martin 111) Moderates feared the medicine was
worse then the sickness. In a way so many people in the early 1770's did not see a
revolution for independence as the solution to their problems, they hoped that Britain
would not be so tough on them and continue to be the way they used to be.




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