1960 Establishment

This essay has a total of 1971 words and 9 pages.

1960 establishment




The Establishment in the 1960's

The nineteen sixties were times of great change. Many people went from
moderates to radicals because of the environment around them. That environment
was called the establishment. It included all of the events going on in the nineteen
sixties. Some of the main events taking place were the Vietnam War, the
government, the Democratic National Convention and the culture (*). Many
protested things that they did not believe in or thought was wrong (*). There were
many things that made the radical's different from the moderates. They were the
music they listened to and the clothes they wore. Most obviously was the way
they acted.
In the summer of 1967, society and rock and roll were going through some
major changes. People who listened to rock and roll wore flowers in their hair and
on their clothes. They "Grooved to tunes" by The Grateful Dead, Cream,
Jefferson Airplane, and many others (*). Radical was the name given to these
diverse cultural icons of the sixtyís revolution. These radicals were associated
with the many of the youth parties who shared their views with the country. The
music that the radicals listened too greatly affected the way the acted. It was the
mellow tune and the moving lyrics that inspired this generation of teenagers. They
stood up for what they believed in from listening to the rock and roll, which is
now, classified as classic rock. The people who didnít listen to the new rock and
roll, listened to classical and jazz music. They thought the radicals who listened to
rock and roll were rebels. Large get togetherís were common in the sixties. At
these ďbe ins,Ē as they were called, people ate, drank, and listened to music (*).
The greatest musical get-together that had the most influencing effect on
the people of the sixties was Woodstock í69. This was the largest rock concert
ever and was held in Bethel, New York. It was three days long, beginning on
August 15 and ending on August 17 in 1969. The Woodstock Ventures was the
newly founded company organizing the three-day festival. The Town of Wallkill
was the anticipated site for the music festival, but city officials and residents
protested it. Laws were made to make sure that Woodstock was not to be held in
Wallkill. The laws were passed, so the Woodstock Ventures team had to search
for a new site. They ended up finding a 600-acre cow pasture suitable for a three-
day concert in the town of Bethel, New York. The city and state officials said they
had everything planned for and prepared before the concert. But when it came
around to the opening day, they knew what they hadnít planned for, a crowd of
more than 500,000 people. The concert started at exactly 5:07 P.M. on August
15, 1969 (*). Around midnight on the first day, it started to rain. In as little as
three hours, five inches of rain fell. This caused the field to flood, and making
everyone and everything a big mud puddle. Through the three days there were
two deaths, but also two births. Both of the deaths were by accident. At the end
of the final day, people began to slowly make their way out of the once was grass
field. That barren field now has a monument remembering those three days of
music. It attracts visitors from all over the country, who want to see where the
biggest party of all time was once held (*).
Dress in the nineteen sixties showed what kind of attitude you possessed
and the views you obtained. There were two dominant groups of dress in the
sixties. One was the radical and hippie attire. It consisted of older, more ragged
looking outfits. They usually wore headbands or bandanas on their heads.
Sometimes they would wear tie-dye or multicolor mixed shirts. The pants that
most of this teenage generation would don were usually aged and battered, which
sometimes beared holes in them. The types of shoes that they wore depended on
the individual. Some wore tall boots, short boots, and sandals. The most popular
shoes were the original Converse All-Stars (*). Most people just wore whatever
they could find, and didnít care what they looked like (*). The second dominant
group of dress was the older, non-teenage generation. The men usually wore
clean, newly pressed clothes. Some men wore suits all of the time. Men mostly
wore black shiny dress shoes. The women wore clean, new clothes unlike the
teenagerís of the time.
People of the sixties were very judgmental when it came to clothes people
wore. When someone saw a hippie for the first time, they automatically thought
that they were rebels who didnít want a government (*). The older, moderate
people looked down upon these hippies because they expressed themselves
through their clothes (*). The radicalís attitude toward the older, ďnon-hippieĒ
generation was that they didnít know how to stand up for what they believe in (*).
The government of the nineteen sixties had an enormous impact on the way
people acted. Some agreed with the government, and some didnít. Some of the
people even tried to change the way it worked. The presidents played a large role
in the action taken by the government.
Lyndon Baines Johnson became the thirty-sixth president after the
assassination of John F. Kennedy in November 1963. A skilled promoter of
liberal domestic legislation, he was also a dedicate believer in the use of military
force to help achieve the country's foreign policy objectives. His increase of
American involvement in the Vietnam War decreased his popular standing and led
to his decision not to run for reelection for presidency in 1968. Johnsonís attitude
toward the Vietnam War was apparent. He believed in strong military action.
Johnson had increased the number of U.S. military forces there from 16,000 at the
time of Kennedy's assassination to nearly 25,000 a year later. Later Johnson began
to increase the United States involvement in the Vietnam. Johnson began the rapid
deepening of U.S. involvement in Vietnam; as early as February 1965, U.S. planes
began to bomb North Vietnam. American troop strength in Vietnam increased to
more than 180,000 by the end of the

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