This essay has a total of 915 words and 6 pages.
George Orwell was not only a writer, but also an important political reformer.
Orwell was born in India in 1903. He considered his family a "lower-middle class" family. He said this because his family was a part of the middle class, but had little money. His father worked for the British government and was able to be apart of the middle class without money.
Orwell lived in Britain and went to boarding school there on scholarships. He was the poorest student among many wealthy children. Orwell felt like an outsider at the boarding schools he went to. The students were all kept in line by beatings. This was Orwell's first taste of dictatorship, being helpless under the rule of an absolute power.
In an essay, Orwell wrote of being beaten for wetting his bed. Whenever he was in trouble he was quickly pointed out as a "charity" student. He suffered many years of isolation and loneliness. Writing and having imaginary conversations with himself consoled Orwell.
Orwell was unable to continue schooling because of grades. He joined the Indian Imperial Police. He was assigned to keep peace in British dependencies. Although his father was very proud, he was hated by many. In turn, he hated himself and the job he was called to do for his country.
In Orwell's novel, 1984, you see his feelings of guilt and isolation come out through main character, who feels guilty for working under the ruling party.
Orwell resigned from the police and dedicated his life to writing. He took out a period of his life to live amongst poverty and try to understand classes. Orwell saw their hardships, but strongly believed that class divisions were necessary.
Orwell became Democratic Socialist after living amongst the poor. He saw a strong need for the public to do something about the harsh environment of poverty. He expressed this need, through his writing.
He believed in a government that would take over such things as medical care and railroads for the good of the people. At the same time, he believed the people should run it.
One of his main goals of writing was to express his disagreement with totalitarianism. Orwell said "Every line of serious work that I have written since 1936 has been written directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism and for a democratic socialism."
Orwell carried out his purpose through the novel, 1984. He set up an extreme scenario of totalitarianism and brought out it's true evil.
Much of 1984's inspiration is a result of the events happening around the time of its publication.
One major and obvious event was World War II, more specifically, Nazism and the reign of Hitler as a dictator. The main character in 1984, Winston Smith, was named after Winston Churchill, a political leader during World War II.
Another important histor
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