Paper on 19842

This essay has a total of 915 words and 4 pages.


19842




George Orwell was not only a writer, but also an important political reformer. Orwell was
born in India in 1903. He considered his family a "lower-middle class" family. He said
this because his family was a part of the middle class, but had little money. His father
worked for the British government and was able to be apart of the middle class without
money. Orwell lived in Britain and went to boarding school there on scholarships. He was
the poorest student among many wealthy children. Orwell felt like an outsider at the
boarding schools he went to. The students were all kept in line by beatings. This was
Orwell's first taste of dictatorship, being helpless under the rule of an absolute power.
In an essay, Orwell wrote of being beaten for wetting his bed. Whenever he was in trouble
he was quickly pointed out as a "charity" student. He suffered many years of isolation and
loneliness. Writing and having imaginary conversations with himself consoled Orwell.
Orwell was unable to continue schooling because of grades. He joined the Indian Imperial
Police. He was assigned to keep peace in British dependencies. Although his father was
very proud, he was hated by many. In turn, he hated himself and the job he was called to
do for his country. In Orwell's novel, 1984, you see his feelings of guilt and isolation
come out through main character, who feels guilty for working under the ruling party.
Orwell resigned from the police and dedicated his life to writing. He took out a period of
his life to live amongst poverty and try to understand classes. Orwell saw their
hardships, but strongly believed that class divisions were necessary. Orwell became
Democratic Socialist after living amongst the poor. He saw a strong need for the public to
do something about the harsh environment of poverty. He expressed this need, through his
writing. He believed in a government that would take over such things as medical care and
railroads for the good of the people. At the same time, he believed the people should run
it. One of his main goals of writing was to express his disagreement with totalitarianism.
Orwell said "Every line of serious work that I have written since 1936 has been written
directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism and for a democratic socialism." Orwell
carried out his purpose through the novel, 1984. He set up an extreme scenario of
totalitarianism and brought out it's true evil. Much of 1984's inspiration is a result of
the events happening around the time of its publication. One major and obvious event was
World War II, more specifically, Nazism and the reign of Hitler as a dictator. The main
character in 1984, Winston Smith, was named after Winston Churchill, a political leader
during World War II. Another important historical aspect was Stalinism, which was
happening in Russia. Stalin purged or killed political enemies for the "good" of the
state. George Orwell fought against these totalitarianists by his writing. This is how he
became a political reformer. In the late 1940's, Russia was Germany's ally, but later
became an enemy. ended up fighting against each other at Stalingrad. In 1984, the major
powers of the world were always at war, but the enemy keeps changing. After World War II,
one would think that totalitarianism would never be heard of again. In the story 1984,
there is a totalitarian government. There are a lot of things written that could not have
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