A Bomb Paper

This essay has a total of 1822 words and 9 pages.


A Bomb




Atomic Diplomacy

The emergence of the United States as a dominant party in balance of power equations is a
relatively new phenomenon in world history. New military technology coupled with increased
global integration has allowed the United States to reinvent the fundamental assumptions
of international diplomacy while propelling itself to the top of the hegemonic stepladder.
This positioning was achieved piecemeal during the course of the first two world wars, but
it wasn't until the deployment of the atomic bomb that the U.S. assumed its position as a
true superpower.


The years that followed this unparalleled ascension are the most fascinating times in the
history of U.S. international relations. Hopefully, an investigation into this atomic
diplomacy, along with a balanced analysis of the problems of conceptualizing and
implementing containment, will provide insight for our current efforts to devise a
workable post-war national security policy. There is no way to tell the story of post-war
national security without also telling the story of George Kennen. Kennen, the foremost
expert of Soviet Affairs in early post-war America, is almost wholly responsible for the
policy of containment. Nuclear weapons were part of an integrated system of containment
and deterrence. Truman told Kennen in early 1947 that, "Our weapons of mass destruction
are not fail-safe devices, but instead the fundamental bedrock of American security".


They were never intended as first strike weapons and had no real tactical value. The bomb
is purely strategic, and its value comes not from its destructive capabilities, but from
its political and psychological ramifications. Kennen was never naive enough to view the
bomb as an offensive weapon. In his long memorandum "The International Control of Atomic
Energy," Kennen noted that, "There could be no way in which weapons of mass destruction
could be made to serve rational ends beyond simply deterring the outbreak of hostilities".


Even at this early point, Kennen began to also recognize the potential of the bomb to
completely wreck balance of power arrangements. Simply achieving higher potentials of
destruction would not necessarily lead to a better negotiating position with the Soviets.
Truman had never considered not creating the hydrogen bomb, despite Kennen's objections.
Truman's justified his adamant support of the super bomb for bargaining purposes with the
Russians.

Kennen's point, of course, had been that the very decision to build the hydrogen bomb
would inhibit bargaining with the Russians on international control. Most of the American
national security structure viewed this as fallacious. Truman's perception was that the
United States, as a technology rich, but man power short nation, was operating from a
position of weakness, since necessity is relied more heavily than did the Soviet Union on
weapons of mass destruction to maintain the balance of power. The Soviet atomic test in
1949 had upset that balance. Only by building the super bomb, it was thought, could
equilibrium be regained. It would not be until the Kennedy administration that Kennen
would be vindicated and an awareness would develop "of the basic unsoundness of a defense
posture based primarily on weapons indiscriminately destructive and suicidal in their
implications".



The late mistakes of the Truman administration would be carried over into the Eisenhower
years. Nuclear deployment became the primary American security measure, naturally leading
the Soviets to do the same. The problems of the Eisenhower years stemmed directly from the
overconfidence in the U.S. nuclear program to achieve tangible military objectives in the
face of increased hostilities. John Foster Dulles, the symbol of bipartisan cooperation on
foreign policy, began to advocate the nuclear response. The impotence of our standing army
compared to the Soviet's military behemoth was clear to all U.S. policy advisors.

There was no way in which we could match Russia gun for gun, tank for tank, at anytime, in
any place. John's brother Allen Dulles, CIA director under Eisenhower, said, "To do so
would mean real strength nowhere and bankruptcy everywhere". Instead, the U.S. response to
Soviet aggressions would be made on our terms. J.F. Dulles' solution was typical strategic
asymmetry, but of a particular kind. In retrospect the most startling deficiency of the
Eisenhower administration's strategy was its bland self-confidence that it could use
nuclear weapons without starting an all out nuclear war. Limited nuclear conflict was
possible, as Kissenger argued in Nuclear Weapons and Foreign Policy, "But only if those
participating in it had agreed beforehand on the boundaries beyond which it would not
extend.” This was clearly impossible with the Soviets, making Eisenhower's policy
foolhardy and naive.


Strategic asymmetry, supplemented by nuclear superiority, would not last long after
Eisenhower. Instead, it was replaced with Kennedy's "flexible response." The critics of
"The New Look" and past nuclear diplomacy pointed out that only newfound symmetry allows
us enough political flexibility to respond to Russian aggression in whatever way suits
U.S. interests at the time. Kennedy, possessing an economic rationale for disregarding
costs, placed his emphasis on minimizing risks by giving the U.S. sufficient flexibility
to respond to Russia with neither escalation or humiliation. This required a capacity to
act on all levels, ranging from diplomacy through covert action, guerilla operations,
conventional and nuclear war. Equally important, though, it would require careful control.
Walt W. Rostow, Kennen's replacement as Chairman of The Policy Planning Council, was
Continues for 5 more pages >>




  • Dove
    dove ENCYCLOPÆDIA BRITANNICA reproduction process by which organisms replicate themselves. In a general sense reproduction is one of the most important concepts in biology: it means making a copy, a likeness, and thereby providing for the continued existence of species. Although reproduction is often considered solely in terms of the production of offspring in animals and plants, the more general meaning has far greater significance to living organisms. To appreciate this fact, the origin of lif
  • Intro to ecommerce
    intro to ecommerce E-commerce an Introduction In the broadest sense, electronic commerce (e-commerce), is the buying and selling of products and services over the Internet. It has included the handling of purchase transactions and funds transfers over computer networks. According to the Forrester Research Study "Sizing Intercompany Commerce," total U.S business-to-business Internet trade in 1998 is .7 billion, compared to a total global e-commerce of .8 billion, dramatically increasing from
  • The Y2K Bug
    The Y2K Bug The year 2000 problem could have been completely prevented had some early people envisioned the degree to which the microprocessor would change our lives. Surely, no one would have thought that in the early days of ENIAC that everything from your alarm clock to your car would be computerized. Even the IT managers of the 80\'s could not be blamed: The disk space savings from dropping the two digits of the date over 100 Million Records would represent almost 200 Megabytes! Space requir
  • Web advertising
    web advertising web advertising Web Advertising Web advertising, not to mention the Internet itself, finds itself in a stage of relative infancy and therefore provides marketers with novel challenges and situations which need to be dealt with caution . The realm of Web advertising is unchartered terri tory! In terms of South Africa, the country finds itsef somewhat behind technologically. However, this may not prove to be a disadvantage as the uncertain nature of Web advertising may make a polic
  • Women in the Workforce
    Women in the Workforce Western female thought through the centuries has identified the relationship between patriarchy and gender as crucial to the women’s subordinate position. For two hundred years, patriarchy precluded women from having a legal or political identity and the legislation and attitudes supporting this provided the model for slavery. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries suffrage campaigners succeeded in securing some legal and political rights for women in the UK. By the mid
  • Economy and Life
    Economy and Life Whether it be through intensified media attention, or due to the efforts of prominent scientists and other members of society, we have become increasingly aware of the detrimental effects that technological advances in industry and agriculture have on the global environment. However, as Carl Sagan points out in “Pulling the Plug on Mother Earth” awareness is not enough, nor is society’s response to the catastrophic implications of environmental pollution rapid enough. Slowness t
  • Pakistan
    Pakistan A Portrait of the Death of an Economy My topic deals with Pakistan, its relationship with the IMF and World Bank, and its internal problems that are causing unemployment, poverty, economic crisis and hunger. I shall be analyzing the situation using the neo-classical theory, as it is what the economists of the Pakistan government and the IMF are using to alleviate the economic instability of the country. Situated in the sub-continent, Pakistan is a low-income country, with great promise
  • Russian Economic Framework
    Russian Economic Framework Country Analysis Framework Looking at the Russian Economy Focus of a country framework A country framework for these medium-term considerations should yield results useful for investment planning, policy choice, and financial reimbursement where appropriate. This is the focus of the framework outlined in this paper. This framework does not explicitly cover longer term and global level assessments, although one could use an essentially similar framework for those as wel
  • Computer Based Training Business Interchange
    Computer Based Training Business Interchange COMPUTER BASED TRAINING (CBT) BUSINESS INTERCHANGE Dallas Baptist University Spring 1999 MISM 6330, Section 01 Database Management Systems Instructor: Mary Braswell, MBA Mary L. Everitt 19 April 1999 Table of Contents Introduction Computer-based training (CBT) is an all-encompassing term used to describe any computer-delivered training including CD-ROM and the World Wide Web. CBT courseware curriculum development involves the use of integrated multime
  • Executive Orders
    Executive Orders Orders Issued by President Bill Clinton What are Executive Orders? Executive Orders are official documents, Executive numbered consecutively, through which the President of the United States manages the operations of the Federal Government. Some Executive Orders in the past have created new commissions, councils, task forces and committees; issued and allocated bonds; authorized permit issuance; etc. 40 Executive Orders issued by President Clinton Date Document Titles 1. 2000-12
  • Advetising
    advetising Web Advertising Web advertising, not to mention the Internet itself, finds itself in a stage of relative infancy and therefore provides marketers with novel challenges and situations which need to be dealt with caution . The realm of Web advertising is unchartered terri tory! In terms of South Africa, the country finds itsef somewhat behind technologically. However, this may not prove to be a disadvantage as the uncertain nature of Web advertising may make a policy of \'watching and l
  • AL Gore the best plan for the us
    AL Gore the best plan for the us Al Gores plan for the future of the United States makes him our countries best choice for president. I will clearly show this by talking about the issues that face the nation in the year 2000 and his stances on them. While most Americans know Al Gore for his leadership in Congress and as Vice President, it is the families and values of Tennessee that have most shaped his life and career. It was on his parents\' family farm in Carthage that he first learned the im
  • Atomic Diplomacy
    Atomic Diplomacy Atomic Diplomacy Revisted: U.S. Nuclear Security Policy, Kennen to Kissenger The emergence of the United States as a dominant party in balance of power equations is a relatively new phenomenon in world history. New military technology coupled with increased global integration has allowed the United States to reinvent the fundemental assumptions of international diplomacy while propelling itself to the top of the hedgemonic stepladder. This positioning was achieved peacemeal duri
  • Atomicb
    atomicb The way the world thinks of war changed forever in 1945. On July 16 in Alamogordo, New Mexico, America exploded the world\'s first atomic bomb, sending a huge mushroom-shaped cloud high into the sky. The Manhattan Project, which was used to end World War II, was mostly led by German and German-Jewish scientists, who had escaped from Hitler\'s Germany. In 1939, an American university professor named Albert Einstein wrote a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt, in which he outlined th
  • Basic Psycology
    basic Psycology Bibliography & Reading List Alajouanine, T. :* Aphasia and artistic realization. Brain. 1948 71:229-241. Alvin, J. :* Music Therapy. London: John Baker 1966 Amato, I. : Muscle melodies and brain refrains: Turning bioelectric signals into music. Sciences News. April 1989 135:202-203. Arnheim, R. :* New essays on the psychology of art. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press. 1986 Baer, T., Gore, J. C., Gracco, L.C., & Nye, P. W. (1991). Analysis of vocal tract sha
  • Coldwar
    Coldwar Bibliography: Bowker, Mike, and Brown, Robin, eds., From Cold War to Collapse (1992); Brands, H. W., The Devil We Knew (1994); Crockatt, Richard, The Fifty Years War: The United States and the Soviet Union in World Politics, 1941-1991 (1995); Gaddis, John Lewis, The United States and the End of the Cold War (1992) and We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History (1997); Glynn, Patrick, Closing Pandora\'s Box (1992); LaFeber, Walter, America, Russia, and the Cold War, 7th ed. (1992); May, Ern
  • Computer Security
    Computer Security Internet, its effects in our lives and the future of the Internet: The Internet is, quite literally, a network of networks. It is comprised of ten thousands of interconnected networks spanning the globe. The computers that form the Internet range from huge mainframes in research establishments to modest PCs in people¡¦s homes and offices. Despite the recent hype, the Internet is not a new phenomenon. Its roots lie in a collection of computers that were linked together in the 19
  • Cuban crisis
    cuban crisis The political world is much like a stew, methinks. It is a conglomeration of what has been, what is, and what is to become. Since the dawning of the atomic age with the World War II invention of atomic/nuclear war capability, however, this stew has taken on a whole new taste, a piquancy that perhaps none of us were -- or ever will be -- truly prepared for in all of its possible mishmash. No longer were the world wars to be merely strategies, complete with trenches, tanks, and troops
  • Earthquakes
    earthquakes EARTH QUAKE REFERENCE FILES EARTHQUAKE REFERENCE FILES Earthquake, shaking of the earth’s surface caused by rapid movement of the earth’s rocky outer layer. Earthquakes occur when energy stored within the earth, usually in the form of strain in rocks, suddenly releases. This energy is transmitted to the surface of the earth by earthquake waves. The study of earthquakes and the waves they create is called seismology. Scientists who study earthquakes are called seismologists. (Webster’
  • Earthquakes
    earthquakes EARTH QUAKE REFERENCE FILES EARTHQUAKE REFERENCE FILES Earthquake, shaking of the earth’s surface caused by rapid movement of the earth’s rocky outer layer. Earthquakes occur when energy stored within the earth, usually in the form of strain in rocks, suddenly releases. This energy is transmitted to the surface of the earth by earthquake waves. The study of earthquakes and the waves they create is called seismology. Scientists who study earthquakes are called seismologists. (Webster’
  • Economics4
    economics4 Trade and investmentAustralia\'s export structures have changed considerably over the past 15 years. Although trade in commodities remains strong, new services and sophisticated manufacturing export markets have emerged.Merchandise exports were valued at billion in 1998-99. During the same year, Australian exports of services totalled billion. Exports recorded seven per cent average annual growth in the five years to 1998-99. They now account for 20 per cent of GDP, compared w
  • ECONOMY OF PAKISTAN
    ECONOMY OF PAKISTAN Pakistan A Portrait of the Death of an Economy My topic deals with Pakistan, its relationship with the IMF and World Bank, and its internal problems that are causing unemployment, poverty, economic crisis and hunger. I shall be analyzing the situation using the neo-classical theory, as it is what the economists of the Pakistan government and the IMF are using to alleviate the economic instability of the country. Situated in the sub-continent, Pakistan is a low-income country,
  • Gender role
    gender role Gender Roles In Society By Steve R Jean The world today has changed in many aspects of gender related life style. Yet there is an area of improvement in the focus of gender: based on labor and the patriarchal workingwoman. The class society has a great impact on the behavior women carry out. The different theories and definitions help to explain the relationship of the construction of the gender. Feminism has a great impact on the gender role in our society. Feminists have been fight
  • Hydrogen
    Hydrogen Dawn of the Hydrogen Age Cars that go 5,000 miles between fill-ups, electric power plants you buy like appliances, a world with radically reduced pollution, and a better standard of living... Sounds like a sci-fi pipe dream - if it weren\'t for all these automobile and power companies spending billions to make it real.by Jacques LeslieI\'m at the headquarters of Ballard Power Systems in Burnaby, a suburb of Vancouver, and my big fuel cell moment is about to occur. Following the example
  • Hydrogen
    Hydrogen Dawn of the Hydrogen Age Cars that go 5,000 miles between fill-ups, electric power plants you buy like appliances, a world with radically reduced pollution, and a better standard of living... Sounds like a sci-fi pipe dream - if it weren\'t for all these automobile and power companies spending billions to make it real.by Jacques LeslieI\'m at the headquarters of Ballard Power Systems in Burnaby, a suburb of Vancouver, and my big fuel cell moment is about to occur. Following the example
  • Internet5
    internet5 The Internet: its effects and its future Essay written by Eva Kotsi Internet, its effects in our lives and the future of the Internet: The Internet is, quite literally, a network of networks. It is comprised of ten thousands of interconnected networks spanning the globe. The computers that form the Internet range from huge mainframes in research establishments to modest PCs in people\'s homes and offices. Despite the recent hype, the Internet is not a new phenomenon. Its roots lie in a
  • John Keegan
    John Keegan War and Politics: Are both one in the same? “I was not fated to be a warrior. Fate, nevertheless, cast my life among warriors.” –John Keegan His home in England was near the main gathering point for the D-Day invasion. Along with his father’s service in World War I, Keegan felt himself drawn towards the military and it’s workings. Unfortunately Keegan was unable to serve in the British Military due to a childhood illness. Although Keegan was unable to serve his country, he was determ
  • Organized Crime and its Stranglehold on the World
    Organized Crime and its Stranglehold on the World Organized Crime and its Stranglehold on the World Nuclear terrorism against the United States is one of the most likely outcomes of the post-cold war time period. At least according to Americans surveyed it is (United 1). These weapons are now readily available to anyone with enough money to purchase them thanks to the surplus of weapons located in Russia, and the Russian Mafia’s uncanny skills in acquiring these weapons (United 3). How organized
  • Stanley Kubrick
    Stanley Kubrick Stanley Kubrick Stanley Kubrick was born in Manhattan on Thursday, July 26, 1928 to Gertrude Perveler and Jacques Kubrick. Stanley Kubrick has witnessed three wars, a slave revolt, and a superpower nuclear confrontation. Stanley has been to the edge of our universe and back, even though he has spent almost half his personal and professional life in the courtside just outside London, England. Stanley Kubrick arrived in Great Britain in the early 1960s as a filmmaker in total contr
  • The Internet its effects and its future
    The Internet its effects and its future The Internet: its effects and its future Internet, its effects in our lives and the future of the Internet: The Internet is, quite literally, a network of networks. It is comprised of ten thousands of interconnected networks spanning the globe. The computers that form the Internet range from huge mainframes in research establishments to modest PCs in people\'s homes and offices. Despite the recent hype, the Internet is not a new phenomenon. Its roots lie i
  • WwII
    wwII Since the second World War, the thought of nuclear war has been lurking in the heads of government officials. Several steps have been taken to prevent this horrific situation. The debate on nuclear weapons has moved towards strategies of limited nuclear encounters, defense systems, and plans for human survival after a nuclear war. Several negotiations, such as SALT I and SALT II, produced treaties and limited the production of US and USSR missile launchers. After a year of negotiation, Mikh
  • Dffgd
    dffgd Whether it be through intensified media attention, or due to the efforts of prominent scientists and other members of society, we have become increasingly aware of the detrimental effects that technological advances in industry and agriculture have on the global environment. However, as Carl Sagan points out in “Pulling the Plug on Mother Earth” awareness is not enough, nor is society’s response to the catastrophic implications of environmental pollution rapid enough. Slowness to implement
  • Fuure
    fuure A message From Future Generations . Allen Tough . I have no idea why future generations chose me as their messenger on that sunny Friday morning in Kyoto, as I wandered in the lovely gardens beside the conference center, surrounded by colorful autumn hills. Maybe they had noticed my deep commitment to future generations in my papers and in my book, Crucial Questions About the Future. Maybe they knew how strongly that commitment was influencing my teaching at the University of Toronto. Mayb
  • Economics
    Economics #1 A) The Harrod-Domar Model is the simplest and best-known production function used in the analysis of economic development. This model explains the relationship between the growth and unemployment in advanced capitalist societies. However, the Harrod-Domar Model is used in developing nations as an easy way of looking at the relationships between growth and capital requirements. This model does explain the differences in growth performances between countries. The model allows you to p
  • I R theory
    I R theory Search 11 popular essay sites at once, OVER 25,000 essays, or check out our local essays and other features! For Students: *3*News *3*Advanced Search *3*Local Essays *1000*Upload Essays *3*Research Link DB *3*Admissions Help *3*Thesis Help Cliffs Notes!! *3*Request Msg Board Online Web Classes Audio Books For Teachers: *3*Homework Site *3*Teacher Guestbook *3*Teacher Msg Board General: *3*Tell A Friend *3*General Msg Board *3*Earn Money! *3*Success Stories Free Personals *3*Advertise
  • Kennedy vs nixon
    kennedy vs nixon Both John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon were elected to Congress in 46, a year in which the New Deal took a serious beating as the Republicans regained control of Congress on the slogan "Had Enough?" Nixon of course, had campaigned against incumbent Jerry Voorhis on an anti-New Deal platform, but it\'s often forgotten that when JFK first ran for the House in 1946, he differentiated himself from his Democratic primary opposition by describing himself as a "fighting conservative."
  • Mike Porter
    Mike Porter PRIVATE HYPERLINK "http://www.best-in-class.com" http://www.best-in-class.com/ INCLUDEPICTURE d "../../images/toolbar/bp_logo.gif" HYPERLINK "http://www.best-in-class.com" http://www.best-in-class.com/ PRIVATE HYPERLINK "http://www.best-in-class.com" HYPERLINK "http://www.best-in-class.com/about/" about us HYPERLINK "http://www.best-in-class.com/site_tools/contact2.htm" contact us HYPERLINK "http://www.best-in-class.com/site_tools/search.htm" search PRIVATE HYPERLINK "http://www.best
  • Mike Porter1
    Mike Porter1 PRIVATE HYPERLINK "http://www.best-in-class.com" http://www.best-in-class.com/ INCLUDEPICTURE d "../../images/toolbar/bp_logo.gif" HYPERLINK "http://www.best-in-class.com" http://www.best-in-class.com/ PRIVATE HYPERLINK "http://www.best-in-class.com" HYPERLINK "http://www.best-in-class.com/about/" about us HYPERLINK "http://www.best-in-class.com/site_tools/contact2.htm" contact us HYPERLINK "http://www.best-in-class.com/site_tools/search.htm" search PRIVATE HYPERLINK "http://www.bes
  • Parapsychology
    Parapsychology Parapsychology In the past centuries people have been becoming more and more curious about the unexplainable things all around them. They are always asking “why does this happen?” and “is that really true?” Not until recently have scientists and others actually tried to find out for themselves. Many of their searches evolved around the paranormal. Soon they called their search parapsychology Parapsychology can be defined as “the study of apparent new means of communication, or exc
  • Stress3
    Stress3 Stress by Ashley Strawder I. What Is Stress? Stress is the combination of psychological, physiological, and behavioral reactions that people have in response to events that threaten or challenge them. Stress can be good or bad. Sometimes, stress is helpful, providing people with the extra energy or alertness they need. Stress could give a runner the edge he or she needs to persevere in a marathon, for example. This good kind of stress is called eustress. Unfortunately, stress is often no
  • Terror
    terror Countering Terrorism There are currently more than 1500 terrorist organizations and groups being monitored in the United States. Terrorists by definition kill people and destroy property in order to advance a political agenda. We must make every effort to protect American citizens from these attacks. In the future that will require both state of the art measures to monitor terrorist activities and the movement of materials used for these activities, but also response scenarios in the even
  • Earthquakes1
    earthquakes1 EARTH QUAKE REFERENCE FILES EARTHQUAKE REFERENCE FILES Earthquake, shaking of the earth’s surface caused by rapid movement of the earth’s rocky outer layer. Earthquakes occur when energy stored within the earth, usually in the form of strain in rocks, suddenly releases. This energy is transmitted to the surface of the earth by earthquake waves. The study of earthquakes and the waves they create is called seismology. Scientists who study earthquakes are called seismologists. (Webster
  • Earthquakes1
    earthquakes1 EARTH QUAKE REFERENCE FILES EARTHQUAKE REFERENCE FILES Earthquake, shaking of the earth’s surface caused by rapid movement of the earth’s rocky outer layer. Earthquakes occur when energy stored within the earth, usually in the form of strain in rocks, suddenly releases. This energy is transmitted to the surface of the earth by earthquake waves. The study of earthquakes and the waves they create is called seismology. Scientists who study earthquakes are called seismologists. (Webster
  • Genetic Testing and Its Social Implications
    Genetic Testing and Its Social Implications Genetic Testing and Its Social Implications Essay written by kasim diril Probably, applied genetics’ most impacts on society are as a result of genetic tests. In general, genetic tests seek to detect some feature of a person’s genetic constitution. This feature can be a disease causing mutation or a marker DNA sequence used to detect presence of another gene. Obviously these procedures used for testing the status of DNA, RNA or chromosomes are included
  • The Cost of Living
    The Cost of Living Question #1 With the 3600(A. Roy 16) hydroelectric dams either going up or already built in India, there will undoubtedly be over 33,000,000 people displaced by the big dam’s reservoirs (16), most of which are Adivasi or Dalits (18), natives of India. Without a proper resettlement program in place, many are left with no place to go. Much of the land that’s needed for the reservoirs was confiscated, scammed away, or bullied into being sold by the government. And what land the g
  • Theories of Patriarchy
    Theories of Patriarchy This is an A grade essay Assess the claim that gender inequalities in the domestic and occupational divisions of labour are best understood with reference to the concept of patriarchy. You should illustrate your answer with reference to a range of feminist perspectives. Introduction Western female thought through the centuries has identified the relationship between patriarchy and gender as crucial to the women’s subordinate position. For two hundred years, patriarchy prec
  • PROSPECTUS OF HONOURS COURSES
    Mr PROSPECTUS OF HONOURS COURSES 2000/2001 This document contains information on all Honours courses on offer next year together with important information about admission to Honours and assessment in Honours courses. Please retain it for reference throughout the session. Douglas Brodie, Associate Dean. ADMISSION AND APPLICATION PROCEDURE 2 LIST OF COURSES ON OFFER AND NOT ON OFFER IN 2000/2001 4 COURSE ENTRIES A) COURSES ON OFFER 2000/2001 5 - 23 B) COURSES NOT ON OFFER 2000/2001 25 - 28 HONOUR
  • Basseri and The Nuer
    Basseri and The Nuer There are many cultures throughout the world, which may be far apart and yet still have similarities. Two of those such cultures, the Basseri, that live in Iran, and the Nuer, whom live in Sudan, have their differences, but also have some similarities. Many of the differences and similarities come from their subsistence strategies and the social and political organization of their societies. With the regions of the world, both the Basseri and the Nuer live in, they’ve had t
  • Enders Game1
    Enders Game1 When the novel starts Ender Wiggin is a six-year-old genius. He has a brother, Peter, and a sister, Valentine, whom is the only person Ender truly loves. Ender is the third born in the Wiggin family, which is rare, because the limited amount of children per family is two. The government had been running a Battle School in space to train young boys and girls to become military commanders to fight against the buggers, aliens who had invaded Earth in the First and Second Invasions. Pe
  • Business and Technology
    Business and Technology Agricultural Cooperatives and Grain Export Issues I. Introduction It is the contention of this paper that although one might be encouraged to locate a nexus of interrelationships between agricultural cooperatives in America and current, significant issues in grain exports. It is more likely however, that the crucial relationships involve a "meta-organization" of individual farms of various sizes, agricultural co-ops, various corporations related to agriculture, and Unite