A conflict in interest Essay

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A conflict in interest




A Conflict in Interest

The year 1910 marked the beginning of reform within the Mexican political order.
Proposals such as Francisco Madero’s Plan of San Luis Potosi and The Plan de Ayala by
Emiliano Zapata denounced the rigid control of dictator Porfirio Diaz, stating that the
existing government offered no concessions to the Mexican people. In an effort to
overthrow Diaz, Madero’s plan for revolution declared the current government nonexistent
beginning at six o’clock on the evening of November 20, 1910. Emiliano Zapata, however,
developed a plan resulting from his own lost faith in Madero’s goals and unfulfilled
promises. On November 25, 1910, Zapata offered his own proposal to “continue the
revolution begun by (Madero)” until the overthrow of the dictatorship is achieved. While
both men declared their own “ideals of freedom and justice,” it is quite evident that the
Plan of San Luis Potosi and The Plan de Ayala developed from very different motivations.

A Coahuila hacendado, Francisco Madero was a member of Mexico’s elite. His goal to reform
Diaz’s government stemmed from his belief that the current political order would
eventually lead to social revolution. However, he also maintained that the democracy must
be controlled by an elite, and that “the ignorant public…should take no part in
determining who should be the candidate for public office.” (Haynes 273).

Emiliano Zapata was a mestizo landowner who gave his support to Madero with the hope that
the land stolen from his people by the Porfirista aristocracy would be returned.

Indigenous rights and agrarian reform became Zapata’s driving forces, and when Madero’s
promises of reform were unfulfilled, he took the reform into his own hands.

In regards to the delegation of power, Madero’s Plan stated that until an election can be
held, he would serve as “provisional President.” He will then bestow power upon other
“provisional authorities” and “provisional Governors” thus providing no direct evidence
that the people will have any involvement in the choice for leaders. Emiliano Zapata,
however, made no effort in his proposal to designate a position of power to himself or
anyone else, stating that representatives will designate an interim President once the
revolution is achieved. Through these statements, Madero seemed anxious to take control
of the government, while Zapata focused on serving the needs and rights of all the Mexican
people.

In maintaining an illusion of democracy, Madero stated in his Plan that the new government
would collect loans (forced and voluntary) to pay the debt caused by the revolution, and
that these loans would be carefully documented and repaid. Just as Diaz had done in his
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