A Critique Of d-day June 6,1944: The Climatic Batt Essay

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A Critique Of d-day June 6,1944: The Climatic Battle Of Wwii

The book D-Day June 6, 1944: The Climactic Battle of World War II was written by Stephen
E. Ambrose, and published by Simon & Schuester in New York. This book begins with a
prologue that is followed by 32 chapters, a glossary, endnotes, a bibliography, an
appendix, and an index. The first ten chapters give the events that lead up to D-Day, it
discusses a variety of topics ranging from, general topics like the attackers and the
defenders, to topics like what kind of weather conditions would be necessary for the
invasion. Chapters 11 through 14 discuss the air invasion that occurred shortly after
midnight, and the air and naval bombardment of the beaches prior to the infantry landing
on the Normandy shore. Chapters 15 through 25 cover the landings on the beaches and the
struggles of the American forces to get up the bluffs and inland. Chapter 26 titled "The
World Holds Its Breath", is exactly what it says, it gives a view of the home front during
the invasion. Chapters 27 through 31 talk about other allied landings on the beaches.
Chapter 32 ends the book by giving a summary of the accomplishments of D-Day, and giving
the general feelings toward the success of the invasion after the first day of fighting.
This book was written to provide everyone with an up close and personal view of WWII.The
first two chapters on the book are titled " The Attackers" and "The Defenders". In these
two chapters the author talks about the warring nations. The Germans who originally used
blitzkrieg style warfare to remove the allied powers from Europe, by 1944 had dug in, and
was now a complete opposite of what they once were. This would have probably worked just
fine had the Nazis not conquered more territory than they could defend. Hitler knew that
an invasion was immanent and that if he could send the allies back into the channel with
great loses it would take months to organize another attempt, and hopefully by then
Roosevelt and Churchill, would be gone. The allies had to penetrate Hitler's Atlantic
Wall. This stacked the deck in Hitler's favor, because the Allies would have to cross the
English Channel an make an amphibious assault on the German fortifications. Prior to WWII
there had only been two times that an attack such as this was successful One was led by
Julius Ceaser, and the other was led by William the Conqueror. The Allies had managed
three successful landings by 1943 in North Africa, and the Mediterranean. They would have
the guns of the American and British Navy the two strongest at that time. They lacked a
good landing craft for the infantry to go ashore in, this problem was solved with the
advent of the Higgens boat. There was also a problem that no one could do anything about,
they were allies, and there were many negative feeling between the American soldiers in
Britain, and the British soldiers. Not only did the allied commanders have to face
Hitler's army, they also had to keep the peace between their own men.The next chapter
introduces the commanders of both armies. The fist part of the chapter talks about how the
lives of Dwight Eisenhower and Erwin Rommel. Were almost a mirror image of the others both
were of German descent both played sports, both joined their country's respective military
academies, both had risen to the top through there missions in North Africa in the earlier
part of WWII. Next the author describes the confusion that Rommel has to deal with because
of the German command structure. He also talks about the strenuous schedules of both
Rommel and Eisenhower. This chapter is important because it allows the reader to
understand where the leaders are thinking when they are making their decisions on what way
to win the war.Chapters four through ten discuss all of the little details that went into
planning the operation. Many obvious things such as deciding on a landing place were very
complicates, due to the geography of the French coast, not only did the landing site have
to have a way to get infantry on land, it also had to have a port at the site or
preferably nearby. Then they had to consider the strength of the German fortification on
and around that site, and the ability to get reinforcements there quickly for a German
counter offensive. The Allied commanders also had the duty of figuring out how to best
utilize their assets. They had a far superior Navy, they controlled the skies over France,
and they had more resources. Next they would have to plan the attack, and due to the size
of the invasion, this proved to be a very difficult task, plans changed right up to the
day of the invasion. This also meant that they would have to arrange for the transport of
the troops, and their equipment. The soldiers who were going ashore, trained for months
for one day. The soldiers of the Allied Expeditionary Force (AEF) endured some of the most
strenuous training of any army ever assembled. The practiced landings and disabling pill
boxes, and other things that they would have to do on the French beaches. Live ammunition
was used often and there were a few deaths because of it. In the end though, the training
appeared to have been a major factor when all else was going wrong on D-Day. In the next
three chapter the author tell how troops were concentrated to southern England, loaded
onto the boats and the factors that made them decide to go on June 6th. Beginning in early
May troops began to pour into the southern England in the thousands. They lived in
sausages, which were similar to a giant livestock pen that you would have seen before you
sent a cow off to slaughter. They remained in these until loading began on May 31st . The
men of the AEF passed the time on the boats by gambling. The original plan was to go on
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