Abortion both side Essay

This essay has a total of 1490 words and 6 pages.

abortion both side



An Essay On Abortion. Both Sides of the Issue Are Stated.


During the past quarter century, abortion has joined race and war as one of the most
debatable subject of controversy in the United States. It discusses human interaction
where ethics, emotions and law come together. Abortion poses a moral, social and medical
dilemma that faces many individuals to create a emotional and violent atmosphere. There
are many points of view toward abortion but the only two fine distinctions are
"pro-choice" and "pro-life". A pro-choicer would feel that the decision to abort a
pregnancy is that of the mothers and the state has no right to interfere. A pro-lifer
would hold that from the moment of conception, the embryo or fetus is alive. This life
imposes on us a moral obligation to preserve it and that abortion is tantamount to murder
(Kolner 5).

In the United States about 1.6 million pregnancies end in abortion. Women with incomes
under eleven thousand are over three times more likely to abort than those with incomes
above twenty-five thousand. Unmarried women are four to five times more likely to abort
than married and the abortion rate has doubled for 18 and 19 year olds. Recently the U.S.
rate dropped 6 percent overall but the rate of abortion among girls younger than 15 jumped
18 percent. The rate among minority teens climbed from 186 per 1,000 to 189 per 1,000.

The most popular procedure involved in abortions is the vacuum aspiration which is done
during the first trimester (three months or less since the women has become pregnant). A
tube is simply inserted through the cervix and the contents of the uterus are vacuumed
out. The most commonly used type of second trimester abortion is called dilation and
evacuation. Since the fetus has bones, bulk and can move, second trimester is not as
simple. When as much of the fetus and placenta are vacuumed out then tweezers are used to
remove larger parts. After this, or the beginning of the fifth month abortion is serious
and actually induced as childbirth. That is, the mother is given substances which puts her
into labor and delivers the fetus as she would a full-term baby. About 40 percent of
Americans believe that abortion should remain legal and 40 percent believe it should be
banned except when the pregnancy threatens the life of the mother or is the result of rape
or incest. Also 15 percent b eveit should be illegal in all cases. Although abortion is
regarded as a women's right, it should be banned with exceptions because it's considered
murder, has many psychological side effects and there is an alternative.

Abortion is a women's own right and choice. In 1973 the Roe v. Wade decision proved this
by recognizing abortion as a fundamental constitution right and made it legal in all
states. The law now permits abortion at the request of the women without any restrictions
in the first trimester and some restrictions in the second trimester to protect the
women's health. The National Abortion Right Act League argues that without legal abortion
women would be denied their constitutional right of privacy and liberty. The women's right
to her own body subordinates those of the fetus and the U.S. Supreme Court in Roe v. Wade
argued that the women's "right to privacy" overruled the fetus's right to life. If
abortion was illegal it would force poor women to bear and raise children they can't
afford to bring up. There would be a number of unsafe abortions in back allies. It would
also force women to give up their dreams and stay home to bring up babies. Worst of all,
it would condemn victimís o apeand incest to carry and nurture the offspring of their
rapist. (Kolner 5) Abortion is necessary for women to have control over their own bodies
and life. One activist said, "If I hadn't had that abortion my life would have been a
disaster. I wouldn't have made it to medical school. I was married at that point to a very
ill man and it would have been terrible to have to have my baby. People who need abortions
are in some kind of turmoil and it's really a life-saving thing."(Blender 4) To ignore the
rights of others is selfish and injustice. Women must have the right to control the
functions of their own bodies. Revern George Gardiner pastor of the college Hill United
Methodist Church told the council that the ordnance would have done little good. "Young
women need the freedom to make choices for their reproductive life when their family can't
guarantee them parental support."(Lynn B6-7) Women should not be forced to have babies
they don't want. They must be able to decide what happens to them and have a safe plus
legal way of doing so. Women are in control of their own bodies and lives. Legislators
have no right to interfere. The practical assertion that since pregnancy involves a
women's body, the choice of continuing that pregnancy must be hers alone. This was the
first given buerful theoretical articulation and defense by Judith Thomson. (meilander 3)
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