Abortion

This essay has a total of 1223 words and 5 pages.

Abortion

Abortion. Is there any other word that creates such hatred and charged emotion? The word
abortion means "the loss or removal of an embryo or fetus before it can survive outside
the mother's body" (Day 7). The meaning of abortion, however, is completely different. To
people who are pro-life, abortion is a vicious and murderous word dripping in blood and
disgust. To people who are pro-choice the word is just as emotional. It represents women
being able to control their own thoughts, feelings, bodies, and futures. The question
facing Americans today is, "Should abortions be illegal for women to obtain?" The
government cannot have control over a woman's body. It is her body and her rights. The
freedom to make choices and decisions for ourselves is part of the foundation of our
nation. To deny the basic freedom rights that our forefathers fought to obtain for America
is a step backward, not forwards. Once the government can control the individual lives of
people, where would it stop? Ending abortions is not the answer; abortions should remain a
legal choice in the United States.

Many pro-life advocates feel that abortion is murder. While they may have arguments to
support this fact, the truth is, a fetus is not a living person. It cannot feel pain or
live outside of the mother's body. Pain in a human starts as an electrical signal in the
body's pain receptors. In a fetus, the pain receptors develop around seven weeks after
conception, long after an abortion would occur. Many pro-life advocates claim the fetus
can feel pain while these systems are partly formed and forming. Pro-choice advocates feel
that it is necessary for the synaptic connections within the fetus' brain to develop in
order to feel pain (Planned Parenthood). The issue is so heavily biased by a
pro-life/pro-choice stance that even the debaters are incapable of making objective
observations. A panel of experts appointed by the Royal College of Obstetricians and
Gynecologists addressed the issue of fetal pain. The panel consisted of experts in fetal
development, law and bioethics. They obtained experts with both views on abortion so as to
eliminate the bias that had occurred with the issue thus far. The group determined that a
fetus could only feel pain after the nerve connections become established between two
parts of the brain: the cortex and the thalamus. This happens about twenty-six weeks after
conception. Also before twenty-six weeks the fetus is unable to survive unless it is in
the body of its mother. Therefore, the mother, whom is supported and protected by the
Constitution should be allowed to make the decision.

Pro-life supporters argue that if abortion were outlawed, all of the unwanted children
would be adopted. The cold reality is that unwanted children would cause more problems for
our society. This statement is one that no one wants to hear, but however harsh it may be,
it is true. In a perfect world every child should be a wanted child, but sadly we are not
living in that perfect world. In 1990, in New York alone, more than 84,000 children were
living in foster homes and over 165,000 child abuse and neglect cases were reported
(Flanders 34). While the pro-life forces are claiming that the answer is adoption, not
abortion, the reality of the situation is that all over the country children are being
abused, abandoned, and neglected because there is no one to take care of them. In our
country alone, 1.6 million abortions take place (Lowenstein 17). If the United States is
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