Achondroplasia Essay

This essay has a total of 504 words and 2 pages.


ACHONDROPLASIA is known as being undersized, or less than 50in. in height. Having short
limbs, a normal sized trunk, large head with a depressed nasal bridge and small face. This
is a result of a disease in the thyroid gland. It can also be caused by Down syndrome or
absorption, a cartilaginous tissue during the fetal stage. Hypochondroplasia, a mild form
of dwarfism. Spinal tuberculosis and the deficiency of the pituitary gland secretions.
Treatment with thyroxin or thyroid extract early in childhood results in normal growth and
development. Somatrophin, also known as the human growth hormone is secreted by the
anterior pituitary. Respiratory problems start to occur in infants. Symptoms of problems
include snoring and sleeping with neck in a hyperextended condition. The limbs have
rhizometic shortening. The legs are straight in infantry but when a child. He begins
walking they develop a knock-knee position. When the child continues to walk legs begin to
have a bowed-leg look. Occasionally, these curvatures are fixed. As the child continues to
walk the kyphosis disappears and the back assumes a lordotic posture. If a delay in
child's walking occurs, the spine should be monitored closely for signs of gibbous
formation. In infancy, hypercephalus can occur. Infants head circumference should be
monitored close . Monthly checks of head circumference must be monitored. Radiologic
studies are indicated if head circumference raises to disproportionately, or if symptoms
of hydrocephalus. Child's pediatrician should have a copy of head circumference curves for
children with achondroplasia. Radiologic procedures for dwarfism include head ultrasound,
C-T scan, or MRI of the head. If intervention is necessary, a ventriculoperitoneal shunt
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