Essay on Adolf Hitler1

This essay has a total of 1513 words and 8 pages.

Adolf Hitler1

Hitler, Adolf (1889-1945)
Founder and leader of Nazi Party, Head of State and Commander of the Armed Forces, Adolf
Hitler was born in Austria on April 20, 1889. Hitler was born to Austrian customs
officials, Alois Schickelgruber Hitler, and his third wife, Klara Poelzl, both from
Austria. Hitler was a resentful and discontent child who was moody, lazy, and having a
short temper. As a young man Hitler was very hostile towards his father and strongly
attached to his mother, whose death from cancer in December of 1908 really had a big
impact on his life.

After spending about four years in the Realschule in Linz, he dropped out at sixteen years
of age with intentions on becoming a painter. In October of 1907 Hitler left home and
headed to Vienna, where he was to lead the bohemian, vagabond existence until 1913. The
Viennese Academy of Fine Arts rejected him and he spent five years of misery in Vienna as
he later recalled. Hitler's views didn't change much within the years he still had a very
strong hatred towards Jews and Marxists.

In Vienna he received his first education in politics by studying the techniques of the
popular Christian Mayor, and Karl Lueger, where he picked up stereotyped, obsessive
anti-Semitism with it's brutal, violent sexual connotations and concern with the purity of
blood. From Georg von Schoenerer, Lanz von Liebenfels, and the Austrian Pan German
leader, Hitler learned to discern in the Eternal Jew, the symbol and cause of all chaos
and corruption in politics, and the economy.

In May 1913 Hitler left Vienna for Munich. When war broke out in August 1914, Hitler
joined the Sixteenth Bavarian Infantry Regiment, serving as a dispatch runner. Hitler
proved to be a courageous soldier, and received an Iron Cross for bravery, however he
never got past Lance Corporal in ranking. He was injured a couple times, and then badly
gassed four weeks before the end of the war. He spent three months recuperating in the
hospital, temporarily blind.

In July of 1921 Hitler then discovered a powerful talent and developed a party, which he
gave the swastika as a symbol. His hoarse, awful voice, for all his humorless speeches
dominated audiences. By November 1921 Hitler had to hire armed squads to keep his meeting
organized. Out of these squads grew the storm troopers run by Captain Ernst Rohm and
Hitler's bodyguard, the Schutzstaffel.

By February 24, 1920 Hitler announced the exclusion of the Jews from the folk community,
saying that the Aryan race was the supreme race. Hitler's first written words on
political questions emphasized that what he called the anti-Semitism of reason leads to
eliminating Jews privileges. It's ultimate goal to totally remove Jews.

By November 1923 Hitler was convinced that Weimar Republic was almost ready to collapse
and, himself along with General Ludendorff and other groups, try to overthrow the Bavarian
government in Munich. He ran into a bar, shot his gun, and yelled to everyone that he was
leading a new government. Hitler and Lundendorff then marched through Munich ahead of
3,000 men; police stopped them after leaving sixteen dead. Hitler was arrested and tried
on February 26, 1924. He tried to turn the tables of coarse and was only sentenced to five
years imprisonment in Landsberg fortress. Hitler was released after only nine months, in
that time he wrote Mein Kampf. Known as the 'bible' of the Nazi Party, this terrible,
crude book has sold over five million copies by 1939 and was put into eleven languages.

In January 1925 the ban on the Nazi Party was removed and Hitler regained permission to
speak in front of the public. Hitler reestablished himself in 1926 as the ultimate
arbiter. The Nazi Party won only twelve seats in the 1928 elections, the onset of the
great depression with devastating effects on the middle classes helped Hitler to win over
the German society. In the 1930 elections the Nazi vote jumped dramatically from 810,000
to 6,409,000. (18.3% of total voters)

In February of 1932 Hitler officially acquired German citizenship and decided to run for
president. He lost by almost six million votes. Then on January 30, of 1933 he ran and was
nominated as Reich Chancellor. Once he started he abolished free trade unions, and
eliminated social democrats, communists and Jews from any role in political life, and sent
them to concentration camps.

When Ernst Rohm dies in June of 1934, Hitler became dictator of the third Reich. Then when
Hidenburg was killed, Hitler had all the power of state in his hands. Avoiding any
authority, which could challenge his own undisputed positions supreme arbiter.

During the next four years Hitler had many successes. In 1935 he abandoned the Versailles
Treaty and began to build his own army having five times as many people as he was supposed
to. He had persuaded Great Britain to give an increase in the naval building program and
in March of 1936 used land not issued to him. He started building up supplies to help
forces in Spain, which lead to the Spanish fascist victory in 1939.

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