This essay has a total of 702 words and 4 pages.



The environment is an extremely important factor in determaing the developement of a
civilization. It can help advance a civilization or impede it. In ancient Africa, the
environment affected the different civilivations, such as the Sahel, the Wagado Empire and
the Mbuti of the Ituri Forest. The environment uopn many aspects of these and other
civilizations, such as agriculture, technology, trade, daily life and even sometimes the
physical appearence of the people in the civilization were greatly affected by their

The Sahel, which was located in West Africa and south of the Sahara Desrt, was affected by
its environment. In ancient times, the climate of the climate of the Sahel was not so hot
and dry, it allowed the people of the civilization to cultivate the land and gro crops.
There was a wet season, most of the crops would grow and a dry season, when the winter
crops would grow. The lands of the Shael were covered with natural grasses, which was
great for raising cattle, sheep and goats. the manure that was produced by these animals
would then help enrich the soil. Some of the lands of Sahel had iron deposits, which
helped advanced their technology. Iron spears ,swrods ans hoes were developed. The iron
weapons helped the Sahel protect itself and the tools helped with agriculture. Iron
objects were alos valueable, so they were used to of rtrading and helped the people of the
Sahel become skilled traders. The environment helped advance the ancient civilization
known as Sahel.

The Wagadu Empire was an Ancient African civilization whose environment impoact its trade
and daily life. This empire was located south of the Sahara and in between the SEngal
River and the Niger River. Due to this civilization's location, people were able to use
rivers to trade with other civilizations. In those (300-1200 AD), rivers were the fastest
and easiest way to carry goods. Since the Wagadu Empire was located by the Sengal Rivel,
the people in the empire were able to mine for gold in the Banbuk Mountains beyond the
river. They would then this gold to trade with other civilizations for goods, such as
salt. The trade of salt was important ti the Wagadu Empire due to its environment. The
people lived in a tropical heat and would sweat out the salt in their bodies very quickly.
This lack of salt would cause their blood to dry, which would then cause them to collapse.
The people of the WAgadu Empire would trade gold for salt, put salt on their lips and lick
it while eating to replace the missing salt. The environment of Wagadu Empire helped
advance thecivilization, but also had some negetive affects.

The Mbuti of the Ituri Forest's environment impacted aspects of their developement, from
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