AIDS in Botswana Essay

This essay has a total of 1126 words and 5 pages.


AIDS in Botswana




Botswana has disturbing statistics related to AIDS, when compared to those of a developed
nation like Australia. Life expectancy is 40 in Botswana, compared to 80 in Australia.
This difference is mainly due to AIDS. Without AIDS in Botswana, the life expectancy would
be about 64. In having such a low life expectancy, Botswana has had to deal with many
problems. Workers are being taken in their prime, and many children are left orphaned
without a primary caregiver. This means that less work will be done, and it will be done
less efficiently. The life expectancy is surprisingly low due to the high number of people
with AIDS. Botswana has an extremely high percentage of the population living with AIDS.
18% of the people are HIV positive, while only .0007% of Australians are. Much of the
population is dying as well. The annual deaths from AIDS are around 24,000 per month in
Botswana, compared to a mere 100 per month in Australia. This means that Botswana loses
288,000 people per year, which is almost the same as the number of people infected. HIV
positive citizens are dying very quickly. The birthrate is high, yet one out of every
eight infants are born HIV positive. With the death rate so high, and still increasing, it
is predicted that Botswana is going to experience a negative growth rate in upcoming
years. The growth rate now is .76 while developed nations is more like 1.02. Drastic
measures need to be taken to control the AIDS epidemic in Botswana, before the country is
wiped out completely.

AIDS has had a large impact on the economical development of Botswana. The amount of
wealth in the country has decreased for many reasons. First, the unemployment rate, at 19%
is extremely high compared to Australia, which has a 7% unemployment rate. This disparity
is due to the large number of workers being sick, dying, and other AIDS related effects in
Botswana. This means that the families are not making as much money, which can cause lack
of health care. In the next decade, the per capita income is expected to decrease 13% in
Botswana because of AIDS. Australia has fewer problems with AIDS because of the amount of
money spent on health care. 15% of the GDP is put into improving health in their nation.
Botswana only puts 2.5% into health care in their nation. Therefore, fewer medications are
available, there are less doctors, less clinics, and more ill people living there. This
affects the quality of life. Currently there are an estimated 38% of people living below
the poverty line in Botswana. This is extreme compared to the 2% in Australia. If the AIDS
situation is improved, the economy will also be improved.

Botswana needs to start recognizing AIDS as a serious matter to be dealt with. To start
fighting back against the serious AIDS epidemic, the government of Botswana needs to get
involved. After Brazil’s government got involved, they turned around their aids problem
and country. If Botswana’s government starts to produce medicine and distributing it for
free to help the 290,000 living with AIDS in Botswana. Botswana does not have to produce
big retrovirus medicines, but the basic ones. Virtually 100% of AIDS patients suffer from
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