Albert Einstein Synopsis

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Albert Einstein


By: Woody Gray

Albert Einstein Of all the scientists to emerge from the nineteenth and twentieth
centuries there is one whose name is known by almost all living people. While most of
these do not understand this man's work, everyone knows that its impact on the world of
science is astonishing. Yes, many have heard of Albert Einstein's General Theory of
relativity, but few know about the intriguing life that led this scientist to discover
what some have called, "The greatest single achievement of human thought." Einstein was
born in Ulm, Germany on March 14, 1874. Before his first birthday, his family had moved to
Munich where young Albert's father, Hermann Einstein, and uncle set up a small
electro-chemical business. He was fortunate to have an excellent family with which he held
a strong relationship. Albert's mother, Pauline Einstein, had an intense passion for music
and literature, and it was she that first introduced her son to the violin in which he
found much joy and relaxation. Also, he was very close with his younger sister, Maja, and
hey could often be found in the lakes that were scattered about the countryside near
Munich. As a child, Einstein's sense of curiosity had already begun to stir. A favorite
toy of his was his father's compass, and he often marvelled at his uncle's explanations of
algebra. Although young Albert was intrigued by certain mysteries of science, he was
considered a slow learner. His failure to become fluent in German until the age of nine
even led some teachersto believe he was disabled. Einstein's post-basic education began at
the Luitpold Gymnasium when he was ten. It was here that he first encountered the German
spirit through the school's strict disciplinary policy. His disapproval of this method of
teaching led to his reputation as a rebel. It was probably these differences that caused
Einstein to search for knowledge at home. He began not with science, but with religion. He
avidly studied the Bible seeking truth, but this religious fervor soon died down when he
discovered the intrigue of science and math. To him, these seemed much more realistic than
ancient stories. With this new knowledge he disliked class even more, and was eventually
expelled from Luitpold Gymnasium being considered a disruptive influence. Feeling that he
could no longer deal with the German mentality, Einstein moved to Switzerland where he
continued his education. At sixteen he attempted to enroll at the Federal Institute of
Technology but failed the entrance exam. This forced him to study locally for one year
until he finally passed the school's evaluation. The Institute allowed Einstein to meet
many other students that shared his curiosity, and It was here that his studies turned
mainly to Physics. He quickly learned that while physicists had generally agreed on major
principals in the past, there were modern scientists who were attempting to disprove
outdated theories. Since most of Einstein's teachers ignored these new ideas, he was again
forced to explore on his own. In 1900 he graduated from the Institute and then achieved
citizenship to Switzerland. Einstein became a clerk at the Swiss Patent Office in 1902.
This job had little to do with physics, but he was able to satiate his curiosity by
figuring out how new inventions worked. The most important part of Einstein's occupation
was that it allowed him enough time to pursue his own line of research. As his ideas began
to develop, he published them in specialist journals. Though he was still unknown to the
scientific world, he began to attract a large circle of friends and admirers. A group of
students that he tutored quickly transformed into a social club that shared a love of
nature, music, and of course, science. In 1903 he married Mileva Meric, a mathematician
friend. In 1905, Einstein published five separate papers in a journal, the Annals of
Physics. The first was immediately acknowledged, and the University of Zurich awarded
Einstein an additional degree. The other papers helped to develop modern physics and
earned him the reputation of an artist. Many scientists have said that Einstein's work
contained an imaginative spirit that was seen in most poetry. His work at this time dealt
with molecules, and how their motion affected temperature, but he is most well known for
his Special Theory of Relativity which tackled motion and the speed of light. Perhaps the
most important part of his discoveries was the equation: E=mc2. After publishing these
theories Einstein was promoted at his office. He remained at the Patents Office for
another two years, but his name was becoming too big among the scientific community. In
1908, Einstein began teaching party time at the University of Berne, and the following
year, at the age of thirty, he became employed full time by Zurich University. Einstein
was now able to move to Prague with his wife and two sons, Hans Albert and Eduard.
Finally, after being promoted to a professor, Einstein and his family were able to enjoy a
good standard of living, but the job's main advantage was that it allowed Einstein to
access an enormous library. It was here that he extended his theory and discussed it with
the leading scientists of Europe. In 1912 he chose to accept a job placing him in high
authority at the Federal Institute of Technology, where he had originally studied. It was
not until 1914 that Einstein was tempted to return to Germany to become research director
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