This essay has a total of 643 words and 6 pages.
ALCOHOL ABUSE & ALCOHOLISM
FRANK ANDREW P. DAGAPIOSO
SIR DON A. VELEZ
There is little data available on the extent of alcoholism or alcohol abuse in the Philippines. However, while there may be no official statistics available, the consequences of alcoholism are very obvious in the community or inside homes. Alcoholism is a growing concern in the culture and social life of our country. This could be due to the fact that alcoholism is not considered a medical problem by most Filipinos. Most Filipinos with an alcohol problem do not submit to medical treatment even if their condition is chronic.
Alcohol use disorders refer to excessive drinking behaviors that can create dangerous conditions for an individual and others. The two major types of alcohol use disorders are alcohol abuse (problem drinking) and alcohol dependence (alcoholism).
Alcohol Abuse (Problem Drinking). Alcohol abuse is an unhealthy pattern of excessive drinking that can lead to alcohol dependence (alcoholism). People who abuse alcohol drink too much or too frequently, but they are not yet physically addicted to alcohol. Alcohol abuse often results in adverse outcomes such as: failure to fulfill work or personal obligations, recurrent use of alcohol in potentially dangerous situations, problems with the law, continued use in spite of harm being done to social or personal relationships.
Alcohol Dependence (Alcoholism). Alcohol dependence is the medical term for alcoholism. Alcohol dependence is physical addiction to alcohol. It is a chronic and oftentimes progressive condition that is characterized by:
Craving -- strong urge to drink
Loss of control -- not being able to limit consumption of alcohol once you start drinking
Tolerance -- increased amounts of alcohol are needed to produce an effect
Physical dependence -- withdrawal symptoms (nausea, sweating, irritability, tremors, hallucinations, and seizures) develop when drinking is stopped or reduced.
Alcoholism is a chronic illness marked by dependence on alcohol consumption. It interferes with physical or mental hea
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