Essay on Alcohol

This essay has a total of 750 words and 4 pages.


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By: Anonymous

Alcohol abuse is a very dangerous condition in that it can cause many
problems in a persons life and affect many aspects of their lifestyle.
Alcoholism (or alcohol abuse) somehow effects everyone's life at some point
in time; through a parent, a sibling, a friend, or even personal encounters.
Alcohol abuse, as a medical diagnosis, refers to a pattern of behavior
characterized by excessive alcohol consumption. This consumption can occur
at regular intervals, regular weekend intervals, or during binges, which are
considered as being intoxicated for at least two successive days. Difficulty in
stopping, reducing the amount of alcohol use, and impaired
social/occupational role functioning are all characteristics of alcohol abuse. A
number of theories in the medical feild are used to explain alcohol abuse.
These are the biologic-genetic model, learning/social model, the
psychodynamic model, and the multidimensional model .Each different model,
for alcoholism have varied explanations as to how and why people use and
abuse alcohol. The biologic-genetic model states that there is a specific
genetic vulnerability for alcoholism. There has been extensive studies on
factors in the genes that could determine or influence the use of alcohol from
generation to generation. However, these studies have shown no hard
evidence for an association between alcoholism and inherited factors. The
learning and social model proposes that alcoholism is a process that is slowly
developed within a social situation or atmosphere. This model of alcoholism
has also been researched by using both human and animal subjects. A
conditioning model of alcohol tolerance has demonstrated that specific cues
from the environment such as odor, sight, and taste, produce a stimulus that
results in alcohol consumption. If ethanol, the addictive ingredient in alcohol ,
is not supplied, a psychological compensatory response called a craving is
produced. The psychodynamic model of alcoholism proposes that
problematic child rearing practices produce psychosexual maldevelopment
and dependence/independece conflicts. It is believed that while habitual
alcohol use is in process, the habitual drinker may use behavior such as
exaggeration, denial, rationalization, and affiliation with socially deviant
groups. Results of these behaviors may include decreased work efficiency,
job loss, alienation of friends and family, or even hospitalization. The
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