Alcoholics Anonymous Essay

This essay has a total of 234 words and 1 pages.

Alcoholics Anonymous

Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) is perhaps the best known and most successful alcoholism
recovery program. Founded in the United States in 1935 by Dr. Robert Smith and Bill
Wilson, by the 1990s the organization had grown to more than 93,000 groups in 131
countries, with an estimated membership of over 2 million. AA functions as a fellowship
organization whose members pay no dues and may attend meetings as often as they wish. AA
defines alcoholism as a disease as well as a spiritual problem. The AA philosophy and
program for recovery are stated in the 12 Steps to Recovery. The alcoholic must recognize
his or her "powerlessness over alcohol" and seek help from a "higher power" in regaining
control of his or her life. Although alcoholism, according to the AA philosophy, can never
be cured--that is, the alcoholic can never safely drink again--the alcoholic can "recover"
to lead a productive and normal life as long as he or she remains sober. Since its
inception the organization has also reduced popular misconceptions of alcoholics by
educating both professionals and the public about the nature of alcoholism. The related
organizations of Al-Anon and Al-Ateen provide similar support to the families and children
of alcoholics. Other organizations, such as Overeaters Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous,
Gamblers Anonymous, and Co-Dependents Anonymous have adopted the "12-Step" program for
recovery.



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