Alcoholism Analysis

This essay has a total of 975 words and 6 pages.


Alcoholism is a disease in which the drinking of alcohol becomes uncontrollable.
Compulsion and craving of alcohol rules the life of the alcoholic. Many of us drink
alcohol to socialize which is not alcoholism. An alcoholic is a frequent habitual user.
Alcohol, a central nervous system depressant, dulls the senses especially vision and
hearing. Signs of alcoholism are tremors, delirium, inability to concentrate and many
others. "According to the National Council on Alcoholism and Drug Dependence, more than 13
million Americans abuse alcohol"(Mayo Clinic Health Information 1). There are many causes
leading an individual to alcoholism. Alcohol damaging effects are physically,
psychologically, and socially devastating.

There are many "so-called" causes that may lead to alcoholism. Psychological, social, and
genetic factors have been linked to alcoholism. The psychological argument is that many
alcoholics feel a feeling of inferiority and inadequacy. Alcohol is thought to give them
false courage needed to face life. They are not capable of feeling self-assured to
function in real life. Another cause may be a social factor. Many alcoholics start and
begin moderately due to social or peer encouragement. They build up craving and

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demand leading to increasing consumption. Eventually, the drinking progresses beyond
control. There is another factor: genetics. According to studies, children of alcoholics
tend to abuse alcohol themselves. Physiologically alcoholics are though to be weak, and
predisposed and more likely to become alcoholics themselves. Children of alcoholic parents
tend to be more likely to be alcoholics.

Increased abuse of alcohol leads to physical damage to the body. Alcohol is absorbed
directly into the brain, dulling one's senses and weakling one's will power. According to
the article from the Mayo Clinic Health Information, "Excessive use of alcohol can produce
several harmful effects on your brain and nervous system. It also can severely damage your
liver, pancreas and cardiovascular system. Alcohol use in pregnant women can damage the
fetus" (Mayo 1). Continued ingestion of alcohol affects every organ in the body. Every
organ in the body is affected. The liver has serious effects that may lead to cirrhosis
and death.. At first the liver adapts and tolerates alcohol. It works harder and finally
damages itself in time. Alcohol leads the liver to the inability to metabolize facts.
Furthermore, it leads to increase in cholesterol and triglycerides leading to clogged
arteries. Red blood cells are also affected leading the individual to become anemic.
Deficiencies in minerals, and vitamins weaken the heart muscles leading to heart and
circulatory disorders. Alcoholics usually have high blood pressure, heart attacks,
strokes, and anemia.

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Alcohol also has a long-term effect on the pancreas by continuously bombarding it with
sugar. Alcohol as you know has a high sugar level. Insulin is produced in great

quantities as alcohol is absorbed into the system. An energy rush is felt at the start and
When insulin is released it leads to a quick energy drop. This leads to instability and
loss of control.

Another effect is that alcohol has many calories leading to decrease in appetite.
Prolonged use also causes irritation and inflammation to the stomach lining. This inturn
leads to gastritis and other digestive disorders. Lack of nutrient absorption leads
alcoholics to be prone to frequent colds, infections, skin rashes, and wrinkles.

Alcohol also causes a psychological dependency in addition to physical dependently.
Alcohol becomes a necessity and uncontrollable craving and need. Psychologically,
alcoholics experience anxiety, depression, blackouts and personality disorders. This is
linked to poor nutrition and also the effects of alcohol on the brain. Alcohol has an
anesthetic effect. It depresses the central nervous system thus causing improper brain
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