Alexander The Great Analysis

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Alexander The Great

Alexander the Great is, arguably, the most famous secular figure in history. His magnetism
in life was rivaled only by his magnetism in death, and the story of his career has evoked
vastly different interpretations in his age and ours. Young romantic hero or megalomaniac
villain? Alexander III of Macedon conquered all who stood before him, but usually in order
to free the lower class. He did more to spread the Hellenistic culture than anyone before
or after him. My credibility comes from much studying of his lifestyle, and analysis of
many contradicting biographies. With this speech, I hope to display to you most of his
feats and battles, as well as the vast quantity of folklore that surrounds his life.


Alexander, was born on or around July 20, 356 BCE, in Pella. The exact date may have been
created after the fact to match the date of the burning of the Temple of Artemis at
Ephesus. His parents were Philip II of Macedon and Olympias, who descended from Gods
according to myth.


At 13, Aristotle was hired to tutor Alexander. Under Aristotle, Alexander learned
philosophy, ethics, politics, and healing. The two later became estranged, due to their
difference of opinion on the status of foreginers; Aristotle saw them as barbarians, while
Alexander sought to merge Macedonians and foreigners.


Tale of Bucephalus: At 14 Alexander surprised all including his father by mounting an
untamable horse named Bucephalus. Alexander would later name a city after the site where
his horse died in battle.


340 BC: Philip II traveled to Byzantium to battle rebels, leaving 16yr old Alexander in
charge as Prince Regent. While away, the Maedi, a north Macedonia tribe, revolted.
Alexander traveled there, put down the revolt, captured the city and renamed it
Alexandropolis.


At the age of 19, Philip II was assassinated. Alexander was a boy king. Cities like Athens
and Thebes had pledged allegiance to Philip II, but were not sure if they wanted to do the
same for a 19 year old boy. On top of that, barbarians to the north threatened to invade.


Alexander drove the barbarians north of the Danube, then focused on Thebes. He marched to
the city, and offered them one final chance to obey him. They refused, and he went on to
march into the city and kill nearly everyone. Athens later decided to align with
Alexander.


334 BC: Alexander travels to Asia Minor. He begins freeing Greek cities under Persian
rule, which ignites his legend as the great liberator. He defeats King Darius' army for
the first time at the Battle of Granicus.


Alexander then traveled to Phrygia, where the Gordian Knot sat. According to legend, he
who untied this great knot tied by a long dead king would go on to rule all of Asia Minor.
Alexander simply slashed it in two with his sword.


November, 333 BC: Alexander met Darius in battle for the second time. Though greatly
outnumbered, Alexander defeated the Persians, but not before Darius fled. Afterward,
Alexander marched into Damascus and captured Darius' war chest and family.


After subduing the entire Aegean coast, Alexander traveled south to Egypt, where the
peasants welcomed him as their great liberator. Alexander conquered the Pharaoh and freed
all slaves, as well as founding Alexandria. The Egyptians made Alexander their Pharaoh.


331 BC: Alexander leaves Egypt in search of Darius, and finds him in Gaugamela. The
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