American Civil War Essay

This essay has a total of 1253 words and 5 pages.

American Civil War

“The American Civil War”
Horrific! The American Civil War, also known as the War Between States and the War Of
Secession, was an extremely gruesome and bloody war (World Book 614). The war, which
started on April 12, 1861, when the southern troops fired on Fort Sumter, and ended 4
years later, took more American lives than any other war in history (614). This war was
between a divided union in whish the southern states were trying to preserve slavery while
the northern states were dedicated to a more modern way of life and were trying to end
slavery (614). This war was fought in the minds of great men like Abraham Lincoln and
Robert E. Lee and the end of the war was the beginning of a slavery free nation. The
American Civil War was a horrible event in the history of the world which started from
three main causes: slavery, disputes over state’s rights, and because of the division
which existed between the South and the North.

April 12, 181 was a day that would forever live in the history of the United States. On
this day, the Southern troops of the Confederate States fired the first shots of the
American Civil War on Fort Sumter in Charleston, S.C. (World Book 614). Before this day,
Americans had an abiding faith in the politics and the democratic ideals on which this new
country was based. Andrew Jackson described Americans as “guardians of freedom for the
human race.” James K. Polk spoke of the American government as “This most admirable and
wisest system ever devised. Americans, north and south, regarded these statements as
true. American politics was a fiercely partisan affair at first. It was all for the good
of the new nation. At the close of the 1850’s, citizens wondered if their political ideas
and views could split the union (Davis, 22)! Southern states began to secede, South
Carolina being the first. On December 20, 1860, President Jamison held up a document at
St. Andrews Hall in South Carolina and declared, “ I proclaim the state of South Carolina
and independent commonwealth.” The citizens of South Carolina rejoiced (Davis, 27). The
citizens of the South as a whole also rejoiced knowing that secession was possible and
that they may soon have their own nation. One after another, the Southern “slave” states
seceded, 15 states in all (World Book, 615). Over the years the Civil War has been the
subject of numerous novels, histories, plays, poems, paintings, sculptures, songs, movies,
and television programs. Some of the Civil War figures are among the nations most beloved
heroes. Abraham Lincoln was among these heroes and was respected throughout the world
(World Book, 614). There were three main causes for the America Civil War: slavery,
disputes over state’s rights, and the want to modernize in the North while the South
wanted to live in their old, trustworthy ways.

To be more specific, slavery was a root cause of the Civil War because the South was
dependent on slavery to keep their economic status while the North was more dependent on a
Protestant work ethic and looked down upon slavery. This according to the historians who
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