American Civil War-the War To Free The Slaves. Essay

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American Civil War-the War To Free The Slaves.

" War to Free the Slaves" How well does this describe the causes of the American Civil War

The South, which was known as the Confederation, broke away from the North, which was also
known as the Union, for many different reasons. The reason they wanted to succeed was
because there was four decades of great sectional conflict between the two. Between the
North and South there were deep economic, social, and political differences. There were
many reasons why the South wanted to succeed but the main reason had to do with the
North's view on slavery. All of this was basically a different interpretation of the
United States Constitution on both sides. In the end all of these disagreements on both
sides led to the Civil War, in which the North won.

There were a few reasons other then the slavery issue, that the South disagreed on and
that persuaded them to succeed from the Union. Basically the North favoured a loose
interpretation of the United States Constitution. They wanted to grant the federal
government increased powers. The South wanted to reserve all undefined powers to the
individual states. The North also wanted internal improvements

sponsored by the federal government. This was more roads, railroads, and canals. The
South, on the other hand, did not want these projects to be done at all. Also the North
wanted to develop a tariff. The tariff was good for the North allowing them to make money
on imports, but was bad for the south that exported a lot of cotton and tobacco to
America. With a high tariff, it protected the Northern manufacturer. The North also wanted
a good banking and currency system and federal subsidies for shipping and internal
improvements. The South felt these were unfair and that they favoured Northern commercial

Now the main reason for the South's split from the North was the Slavery issue. Basically
the South wanted and needed it and the North did not want it at all. The South was going
to do anything they could to keep it. This was the issue that overshadowed all others. At
this time the labour force in the South had about 4 million slaves. These slaves were very
valuable to the slaveholding planter class. They were a huge investment to Southerners and
if taken away, could mean massive losses to everyone. Slaves were used in the South as
helpers in the fields in the cultivation of tobacco, rice, and indigo, as well as many
other jobs. The South especially needed more slaves at this time because they were now
growing more cotton then ever because of the invention of the cotton gin. Within a time
period of 50 years the number of slaves also rose from about 1,190,000 to over 4,000,000.
The plantation owners in the South could not understand why the North wanted slavery
abolished that bad. Southerners compared it with the wage-slave system of the North. They
said that the slaves were better cared for then the free factory workers in the North.
Southerners said that slave owners provided shelter, food, care, and regulation for a race
unable to compete in the modern world without proper training. Many Southern preachers
proclaimed that slavery was sanctioned in the Bible. But after the American Revolution
slavery really died it the North, just as it was becoming more popular in the South. By
the time of 1804 seven of the northern most states had abolished slavery. During this time
a surge of democratic reform swept the North and West. There were demands for political
equality and economic and social advances. The Northerners goals were free public
education, better salaries and working conditions for workers, rights for women, and
better treatment for criminals. The South felt these views were not important. All of
these views eventually led to an attack on the slavery system in the South, and showed
opposition to its spread into whatever new territories that were acquired. Northerners
said that slavery revoked the human right of being a free person. Now with all these views
the North set out on its quest for the complete abolition of slavery.

When new territories became available in the West the South wanted to expand and use
slavery in the newly acquired territories. But the North opposed to this and wanted to
stop the extension of slavery into new territories. The North wanted to limit the number
of slave states in the Union. But many Southerners felt that a government dominated by
free states could endanger existing slaveholdings. The South wanted to protect their
states rights. The first evidence of the North's actions came in 1819 when Missouri asked
to be admitted to the Union as a slave state. After months of discussion Congress passed
the Missouri Compromise of 1820. This compromise was legislative measures

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