Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs Essay

This essay has a total of 783 words and 4 pages.

Ancient Egyptian Pharaohs

In Ancient Egypt there were over 29 Kings and Pharaohs and over 5 Queens. Some of the most
famous kings and queens were: Ramses II, Ramses III, King Tut, Cleopatra, and Nefertiti.


Ramses II (reigned 1279-1212 BC), ancient Egyptian king, third ruler of the 19th dynasty,
the son of Seti I. During the early part of his reign Ramses fought to reign the territory
in Africa and Western Asia that Egypt had held during the 16th and 15th centuries BC. His
principle opponents were the Hittites, a powerful people of Asia Minor, against whom he
waged a long war upon. The major battle of this war was fought in 1274 at Kadesh, in
Northern Syria, was hailed by Ramses as such a great triumph. In 1258 BC a treaty was
signed whereby the contested lands were divided and Ramses agreed to marry the daughter of
the Hittite king.


The remaining years of his rule were distinguished by the construction of such monuments
as the rock-hewn temple of Abu Simbel, the great hypostyle hall in the Temple of Amon at
Al Karnak, and the mortuary temple at Thebes, known as Ramesseum.


Ramses III (reigned 1182-1151 BC), Egyptian king of the 20th dynasty, a great military
leader who repeatedly saved the country from invasion. In the 5th year of his reign,
Ramses defeated an attack by the Libyans from the west, and two years later he routed
invaders known as the Sea Peoples. In his 11th year he again repelled an attempted attack
by the Libyans. Ramses was also a builder of temples and palaces in the tradition of his
19th-dynasty predecessor, Ramses II. His victories are depicted on the walls of his
mortuary temple at Medinet Habu, near Luxor. Egyptian records tell of a strike by workers
at Ramses's burial site and a plot against the king near the end of his reign. Ramses III
was the last of the great rulers and after his death there were centuries of weakness and
foreign domination.


King Tut or Tutankhamun (reigned 1343-1325 BC), Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, the
son-in-law of Akhenaton, whom he succeeded. He became Pharaoh about the age of 9 and ruled
until his death; which was about the age of 18. Peace was brought to Egypt during his
reign as the worship of Amon, abandoned under Akhenaton, was restored and Thebes, the city
sacred to Amon, was again made Egypt's capitol. Although he was not an important king,
Tutankhamun is well known today because of his tomb, containing fabulous treasurers, was
found virtually intact by the British archaeologists Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon in
1922.


Cleopatra (69-30 BC), ill-fated queen of Egypt (51-30BC), celebrated for her love affairs
with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. Cleopatra, or more precisely, Cleopatra VII, was the
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