Andean/Incan People Essay

This essay has a total of 1142 words and 5 pages.

Andean/Incan People

The Andean/Incan people
The Andean/Incan people lived in the vast majority of the Andean Mountain ranges of Peru.
They were mainly polytheistic and believed it was a series of gods who were responsible
for providing the rain, maize, sun, etc. that was needed for daily survival.

Viracocha was the main and greatest god. He was held solely responsible for the creation
of Earth, animals and man. He made men out of stone, replicated them and destroyed them
according to his whim. Viracocha was considered he divine protector of the Incan rulers or
"Incani's".

Inti, the Sun god was the head of the state cult whose worship was mandatory. Every year a
special festival called Inti-Raymi was held in Inti's and the suns honor. Animal
sacrifices and ritual dances marked and were often the highlight of the celebration.

Daily prayers were addressed to Apu Illapu, the rain giver, who was responsible for
sustaining the Incans food sources. His temples were set high on a mountain so in case
there was a flood, the temple would not be destroyed. A flood signified Apu Illapu's anger
and meant a pilgrimage with human sacrifice was necessary to appease him.

Human sacrifice was not widely practices in the Incan religion as opposed to the Aztec
religion where human sacrifices were the norm. Both the Incan and the Aztec believed that
human sacrifice was a necessity to appease the gods. They felt there was no greater gift
than giving your life to a god. Therefore, the sacrificial person as well as the god was
honored. Festivals and daily prayers were often marked with dancing, singing and special
prayers to the particular god of what they desired. Both fasting and feasting marked super
special festivals.

Penitential rituals must be observed if a particular god is displeased. Murder as an act
of war was not a punishable offense whereas murder as an act of vengeance was the gravest
sin to be committed.

Birth, puberty, marriage and death were all times for special rituals and sacrifices.
Therefore, the Andean people's lives mainly revolved around their religion as, without the
gods, they would have nothing.


The Spaniards
The Spanish conquerors and missionaries arrived upon the New World around 1492 but it took
a few years for them to get acclimated to the people and area before they started the
conversion of the natives. The Spaniards were staunch Christians and mainly Catholics,
under the rule of the Spanish Catholic monarchy. Their primary intention upon arrival was
to save the barbarous souls of the natives and teach them the ways of Christ.

Continues for 3 more pages >>




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