Essay on Andrew Jackson2

This essay has a total of 1094 words and 5 pages.


Andrew Jackson2




Andrew Jackson greatly revolutionized the role and power of the presidency by uniting the
executive branch, altering the perceived face of the President, introducing personal power
into the office, and controlled the presidency for a third of a century. Before him, the
executive branch was a group divided, unsure of their function and their superiors.
Before him, the President was identified with Congress, merely another part of the
buearocracy. Before him, the office of President fulfilled only that which was
specifically stated in the Constitution to be their duty. Before him, every four years
there was a true battle for the fate of the highest government office in America.

Andrew Jackson was born on 1767, in a log cabin. This later became a subject of pride for
Americans who voted for him. He was orphaned at 14, his poor Scottish-Irish parents
killed. He was a self-made man, becoming rich through farming and practicing law. In
spite of his humble beginnings, he never was a champion for the common man, although
people thought he was. It is necessary to know these things; that Jackson struggled
against adversity from the beginning of his life, to understand “Old Hickory” and what
effect he had on the presidency’s role.

Prior to “Old Hickory”, the Secretary of the Treasury was an ambiguous office. Those who
filled it were never sure just who exactly was their superior, the President or Congress.
Most chose Congress, and so the Secretary of the Treasury became a spy for Congress in the
President’s Cabinet. Andrew Jackson didn’t cotton to this divided group; he told one of
his Secretaries of the Treasury plainly that he was merely “a subordinate” of the
President. This resolution of a problem that had plagued previous Presidents was just one
of the ways he unified his branch of the government, strengthening it. On another
occasion, when a corpse showed up floating in the Niagara river and a great uproar was
caused over whether or not it was the body of a New York bricklayer and Mason named Morgan
(who had divulged his lodge’s secrets), Jackson settled the matter ably. He suggested a
new party be formed. This party was called the Anti-Masons, and died out shortly. But
Jackson had given an outlet for outrage and a few years after the incident would be
elected for the first time.

Andrew Jackson was one of the most popular Presidents. When he was inaugurated, thousands
of the people who elected him, the middle and lower class, thronged the streets of
Washington. It had recently rained, and the milling throng quickly turned the streets to
mud. In the White House, velvet chairs were imprinted with the muddy boot marks of men, a
testimonial to the sort that partied there after the oath was administered. This
popularity of the “Gineral” (as friends and companions of Jackson called him) completely
changed how the President was seen. Before, the Hamiltonians and their fellow aristocrats
(excepting, of course, the first President, who was elected because he was the only
Continues for 3 more pages >>