Andrew Jackson3 Essay

This essay has a total of 1928 words and 7 pages.


Andrew Jackson3




Andrew Jackson The year was 1824. The election of this year was very unusual because of
the number of candidates running for president. One of the candidates was Andrew Jackson,
or “Old Hickory” as they called him, a general that had won the Battle of New
Orleans(which was a battle not needed) in the War of 1812. Jackson became a hero after
this war, and it would bring him all the way to the presidency. Another one of the
candidates was John Quincy Adams. The son of John Adams, the second president of the
United States, Adams was a excellent debator from New England. He was the only candidate
from the NorthEast. The two other candidates were William Crawford and Henry Clay.
Crawford, the secretary of the Treasury during the presidential term of James Monroe,
seemed desperate for votes. Martin Van Buren, a political influence from New York,
supported Crawford. James Madison, the fourth president of the United States, actually
made Crawford the candidate of the fading Virginia Dynasty which h!ad controlled the
presidency for twenty-four years thanks mostly in part to a working agreement with New
York. I think Van Buren supported Crawford because of the respect that he had for this
fading dynasty. In May of 1824, a Cumberland planter, Alfred Bach, visiting Washington,
sent John Overton a disturbing account of Jackson’s prospects. ”I think his strength is
giving} out... Crd is undoubtedly the strongest man.” Daniel Webster surveyed the field
with satisfaction. “Jackson’s interest is evidently on the wane.” When all the votes were
in, Jackson received the popular vote, but he didn’t have the majority needed in the
electoral college to become president. The vote then was in the hands of the House of
Representatives. Jackson had ninety-nine votes, Adams with eighty-four, Crawford with
forty-one, and Clay with thirty-seven. Jackson only needed two more votes to become
president. This statement was in The New York Statesman, a journal not unfriendly to
Adams. It predicted that he would get three on the first ballot-Ohio, Kentucky, and
Missouri. Clay’s most distinguished supporter in the west, Thomas Hart Benton, who had
private reasons to hate Jackson, promptly announced! that as Missouri preferred Jackson
to Adams he was for Jackson. Benton didn’t have the casting of Missouri’s vote, however.
That would be the duty of John Scott, the state’s sole representative. When Scott
declared that nothing could induce him to vote for Adams, hasty observers, of whom there
were many, counted the twelfth state for Jackson. After this vote, only one more remained
for Old Hickory. It seemed within easy reach. Kentucky indicated that it would support
Jackson. The same was expected with Ohio. Henry Randolph Storrs, a clay man from Utica,
exclaimed that the only way Adams could get New York was through the support of the
Crawford people. “And let them do it if they dare.” Clay knew that he couldn’t win. It
was between Jackson and Adams, and Jackson was on the verge of gaining the presidency. The
only way Adams could win was to get votes from either Crawford of Clay. The Jacksonians
didn’t suspect this, however. Clay seemed to be leaning away from Jackson. Clay declined
to follow his friend and lieutenant, Benton, into the Jackson camp. He was going to vote
for Adams. In fact, Clay never intended to vote for Jackson. He had met with Adams when he
first got to the capital. Jackson was outraged by this decision because it gave Adams the
necessary majority in the House. Therefore John Quincy Adams was the sixth president of
the United States. Clay was offered the Secretary of State job by Adams, which he
graciously accepted. Jackson called this “confidential interview” a “corrupt bargain” and
he vowed to do everything that he can to win the presidency in 1828. When the election of
1828 came around, the presidential candidates sunk to a new low. Adams and Clay took
massive shots at Rachel Jackson, the wife of Old Hickory. When all the votes were tallied,
Jackson came out on top again. Only this time, he had the necessary majority in the
electoral college. Jackson had little to celebrate, however. His wife, Rachel, died a
couple days before his inauguration. One of her last remarks were,” I had rather be a
door-keeper in the house of God than to live in that palace.” Jackson blamed her death on
both his political enemies and himself. A couple of days before “ General J” arrived,
Daniel Webster wrote this famous letter to his friends: “ General Jackson will be here
abt. 15. of Feb.- Nobody knows what he will do. Many letters are sent to him; he answers
none of them. His friends here pretend to be very knowing; but.... Great efforts are being
made to put him up to a general sweep as to all offices; springing from great doubts
whether he is disposed to do it. Nobody is authorized to say whether he intends to retire
after one term.... Who will form the cabinet is as well known at Boston as at
Washington.... My opinion is that when he comes he will bring a breeze with him. Which way
it will blow I cannot tell.” When Andrew Jackson reached Washington in 1929, he seemed
incapable of carrying the burdens of being president. He suffered from tuberculosis and
when his wife died, he felt he had little to live for. Many thought that he would never
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