Andrew Jackson

This essay has a total of 1529 words and 7 pages.

Andrew Jackson

There are many things that set Andrew Jackson apart from other presidents. His policies
and personality set him apart from most. Although he was the seventh president, he was the
first in many ways. Jackson was the first president to be born in a log cabin, and he was
the first president to ride on a railroad train. Along with that, he was the only
president to serve in both the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.

Andrew Jackson was also the first to have a vice-president (John C. Calhoun) resign, he
was the first to marry a divorcee, he was the first to be nominated at a national
convention, the first to use an informal "Kitchen Cabinet" of advisors, and he was the
first president to use the "pocket veto" to kill a congressional bill. While these things
are truly incomparable, they are not all that set Andrew Jackson apart from other
presidents. Throughout this paper, many more accomplishments in Andrew Jackson's life will
be discussed.

Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in the Waxhaw settlement on the western
frontier of South Carolina. He was born into a poor family. Jackson was the third child of
Scotch-Irish parents. His father, who was also named Andrew, died in a logging accident
just a few days before the birth of his third son and future president. After her
husband's death, Jackson's mother, Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson, raised her three sons at
the home of one of her sisters.

At age 13, Andrew Jackson joined the Continental Army as a courier. The Revolution proved
to be a tough time for the Jackson family. Hugh, one of Andrew's older brothers, died
after the battle of Stono Ferry, South Carolina, in 1779. Two years later, Andrew and his
other brother, Robert, were taken prisoner for a few weeks. Both Andrew and Robert
contracted smallpox during their imprisonment, and Robert died just days after they were
released. Later that same year, Andrew's mother went to Charleston to nurse the American
prisoners of war. Not long after she arrived, Elizabeth became ill with what was either
smallpox or cholera and died.

Andrew became an orphan at the age of fourteen, and he went to live with his uncle, a
wealthy slave and land owner. When he was seventeen, he moved to Salisbury, North Carolina
to study law and was later admitted into the North Carolina Bar. In 1976, Tennessee became
the sixteenth state to enter the Union. Not long after that, Jackson was elected
Tennessee's first congressman. The next year, Jackson was elected to be a U.S. senator by
the Tennessee legislator. However, he only served on session before he resigned. Following
his resignation, he served six years on the Tennessee Supreme Court as a judge.

Jackson's military career resurfaced in 1802 when he was named major general of the
Tennessee militia. Ten years later, he was give the rank of major general of U.S. forces.
In 1814, he was advanced to major general in the regular army.

General Andrew Jackson came out as a national hero after the War of 1812, mainly because
of the defeat of the British at the Battle of New Orleans. This was when Jackson received
the nickname of "Old Hickory." He had been directed to march his troops to Mississippi,
but upon their arrival, they were told to disband because they were no longer needed.
Jackson refused to disband, and proceeded to march his 2,500 troops back to Tennessee. His
strict discipline led his troops to call him "Old Hickory" because they believed him to be
as tough as hickory wood, and the nickname stuck.

Before Jackson's presidency, he was known as a great fighter who didn't let anyone mess
with him. As stated in the Brittanica Encyclopedia, Charles Dickinson once insulted
Jackson's wife, Rachel Donelson Jackson, and Jackson challenged him to a duel with
pistols. Andrew stood there and purposely let Dickinson shoot first, knowing he was a much
better shot. Dickinson shot Jackson in the chest, and Jackson stood there like a tree. He
first shot at Dickinson misfired, but the second was right on target, and he killed
Dickinson. The bullet in Jackson's chest nearly missed his heart and could not be removed,
so Andrew Jackson had to live the rest of his life with a bullet in his chest.

Jackson's first presidential campaign was the 1824 election. Many of Jackson's followers
refer to this election as the "Stolen Election" because Jackson easily captured the
popular vote, but did not have enough electoral votes to win. Because of this, the
election was decided by the House of Representatives.

Jackson's opponents were John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, and William H. Crawford. Both
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