AniFarm Essay

This essay has a total of 1036 words and 5 pages.


The book Animal Farm was written by George Orwell. It is a political satire written to
parallel communist Russia. Every event and character in the book has a parallel in
history to the events and characters that make up the communist revolution. Characters in
the book such as Old Major and Napoleon, parallel leaders like Lenin and Stalin. The
book, like the communist revolution, contained many good and bad examples of leadership.

Animal Farm takes place on a small fictional farm in England called "Manor Farm." The
animals on the farm include, dogs, a cat, ducks, pigs, horses, a donkey, and even field
mice, pigeons, and a crow. On the farm the animals are hard working and severely
mistreated. Clearly representing the working class, the animals of the farm are
unappreciated and un-rewarded for their hard work by the human owners of the farm. The
humans parallel the Russian monarchy. Lead by farmer Jones, who was a poor manager of his
farm much like Czar Nicholas was a poor leader, the humans mistreat the animals.

After being mistreated for some time one of the animals takes the first step toward
change. An old pig called Old Major has a dream and tells all the animals about it. His
dream was of the animals running the farms of the world for themselves, without the evil
presence of humans. He gives a speech to the animals of the farm about being free and
working for themselves. Old Major then is like Lenin or perhaps Karl Marx. His ideas of
freedom are communist in nature and they awe the animals of the farm. Old Major excites
the animals with thoughts of revolution.

Eventually Old Major Dies but his speech stays implanted on the minds of the animals. The
animals of the farm finally snap and attack their human oppressors. Lead predominantly by
the pigs, revolution sweeps the farm and the humans are driven off. This battle clearly
parallels the overthrow of Czar Nicholas II. The animals rename "Manor Farm" more
appropriately "Animal Farm."

At first everything seems to go well on the farm. The two most prominent leaders of the
animals begin to make rules for the animals to follow. Napoleon and Snowball, who
parallel the leadership of Stalin and Trotsky, begin to take over the leadership roles on
the farm. The main theme of Animal Farm starts to become evident here. It is that in
every society and organization, including the army or any business in the civilian world,
leaders will likely abuse their power. This happened in communist Russia when Stalin
eventually fought Trotsky for control of the government. Over time Stalin gained more
support and had Trotsky banished from Russia. Under Stalin the Russian people were
oppressed further despite his claims of freedom and liberty for those who cooperated.

The same thing happens in Animal Farm. Napoleon and Snowball begin competing with each
other over issues on the farm. Napoleon eventually forces Snowball to flee after calling
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