Apartheid Paper

This essay has a total of 859 words and 3 pages.

Apartheid

Apartheid, the Afrikaans word for "apartness" was the system used in South Africa from the
years 1948 to 1994. During these years the nearly 31.5 million blacks in South Africa were
treated cruelly and without respect. They were given no representation in parliament even
though they made up most of the country. It was not until 1994 when a black man named
Nelson Mandela came to power in the South Africa congress. Once elected Mandela removed
all racist laws against blacks and all other minorities. Nelson Mandela is one of the
great leaders of our time. A hero whose lifelong struggle to the fight against Apartheid
in South Africa won him the Nobel Peace Prize and the presidency of his country. Since his
release from prison in 1990, Mandela has been at the center of a struggle against the
white minority in South Africa. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on July 18, 1918. After
receiving an education at a local mission school, he was sent to Healdtown, a secondary
school. He then enrolled at the University of Fort Hare for a Bachelor of Arts Degree
where he was elected onto the Student's Representative Council. He was expelled from
college, for joining in a boycott. Mandela then went to Johannesburg where he completed
his BA by correspondence and studied for his LLB. He entered politics while studying in
Johannesburg by joining the African National Congress in 1942. During the 50's, Mandela
was one of the many tried in the Treason Trial. Shortly after the 1960 massacre of
peaceful black demonstrators in Sharpeville, most movements, including the ANC, were
banned. Nelson Mandela was forced to go underground and live apart from his family.
However, his successful evasion of the police earned him the title of the Black Pimpernel.
At this time, he and other leaders of the ANC created a new section of the liberation
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