APnea

This essay has a total of 437 words and 3 pages.

APnea



Sleeping Apnea
Approximately 30 million Americans are victims of a sleep disorder called Obstructive
sleep apnea. Man millions more are predisposed and have a high risk of developing the
illness. If you are and adult male, the odds are about 50/50 that your breathing is not
normal when you are sleeping.

What is Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA)?
OSA is a recurrent episode during sleep when their throat closes and they cannot suck air
into their lungs. This happens because the muscles that normally hold the throat open
during wakefulness relax during sleep and allow it to narrow. When the throat is partially
closed and/or the muscles relax too much, trying to inhale will suck the throat completely
closed and air cannot pass at all. This is an obstructive sleeping apnea episode.

A cessation of breathing must last 10 seconds or more to be called an apnea. Obstructive
apnea episodes can last as long as two minutes and are almost always associated with a
reduction in the level of oxygen in the blood. When an individual is in the midst of an
obstructive sleep apnea episode, as long as sleep continues, the apnea continues. It is
only terminated and waking up saves the victim's life. This arousal instantly increases
the activity of the muscles of the tongue and throat muscles that enlarge the airway. The
Continues for 2 more pages >>




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