Arab Nationalism

This essay has a total of 1023 words and 5 pages.


Arab Nationalism




Arab nationalism is defined as the idea that Arabs constitute a single distinctive nation
united by a history and common language of Arabic. It is the quest for a national
identity and struggle for political power in the Fertile Cresent.

Arab nationalism is a fairly new concept; itís only about one hundred years old. It did
not really develop until after world war one. It is basically he result of three major
influenced:

1.) The breakup of the Ottoman Empire after world war one and the emergence of modern
states that no longer shared a common religiously rooted ideology that was Islamic based
and religiously sociopolitical order.

2.) The intensified struggle for independence from political and religiocultural dominance of European imperialism.
3.) The ideological movement of Jamal Al-Deen Al Afghani disciples, Muhamed Abduh and Rashid Rida.
In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries there were profound changes in the Ottoman
system and a serious decentralization of power. With the end of the Ottoman expansion,
the state of insututions lost their administrative and military capacities. The empire
was plagues with popular revolts, economic regression and in the end military defeats.
Many political changes came. The Ottoman Empire was becoming weak, it was the perfect
time for its downfall.

Before the downfall of the Ottoman Empire, the Ottomans had ruled the Fertile Crescent as
a number of separate small provinces. There were no units of territorial government
corrersponding to the Ottoman sub-states in Egypt, Tunisia or Algeria. The principal
cities of the region, such as Damascus, Aleppo, Mosul, and Baghdad were the main centers
of government. Rural districts were often self-governing.

World war one was a good opportunity for the Arabs to gain freedom from the Ottoman
Empire. Leading the Struggle towards independence of the Arabs from Ottoman rule was
Sharif Hussein. Hussein was the Turkish appointed governor of the Hijaz province of
Arabia. He launched the Arab fight for freedom in June of 1916, with his Bedouin warriors
stormed the Turkish garrison groups in Mecca. Husseinís next move was to seek help of the
British; he needed their moral support, money and fighting equipment. It was of the
Britishís benefit to provide this help seeing as the British and Arabís had common enemy
so they agreed to cooperate.

Hussein dreamed of one day becoming the ruler of the Arab world, which included the
Arabian Peninsula, and what is now modern day Syria, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq.
The Arab leader wanted the British to recognize this ambition in exchange for fighting a
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