Atlantic Charter Essays and Papers

This essay has a total of 716 words and 4 pages.

Atlantic Charter

The United States would not enter the war until after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor
in December 1941. But by the spring of 1941 Congress had approved the Lend Lease program,
and the aid Roosevelt had promised at Charlottesville had begun to flow to Great Britain,
where Winston Churchill was now prime minister. In July 1941, Roosevelt and Churchill met
for the first time in Argentia Bay off Newfoundland, to issue a joint declaration on the
purposes of the war against fascism. Just as Wilson's Fourteen Points delineated the first
war, so the Atlantic Charter provided the criteria for the second.

Originally the Soviet Union, which had been attacked by Germany the month before, was to
sign the charter as well. But the notion of "one world," in which nations abandoned their
traditional beliefs in and reliance upon military alliances and spheres of influence, did
not appeal to Joseph Stalin, and, in fact, neither was Churchill particularly thrilled.
Only Roosevelt, who had been a member of the Wilson administration, truly believed in the
possibility of a world governed by democratic processes, with an international
organization serving as an arbiter of disputes and protector of the peace.

The Atlantic Charter expressed the post-WWII aims of the United States and of the United
Kingdom of Great Britain. President Franklin D. Roosevelt of the United States and
Winston Churchill of Great Britain came together to Make what was to be called the
8-points plan, which is listed here.

The President of the United States of America and the Prime Minister, Mr. Churchill,
representing His Majesty's Government in the United Kingdom, being met together, deem it
right to make known certain common principles in the national policies of their respective
countries on which they base their hopes for a better future for the world.

First, their countries seek no aggrandizement, territorial or other;
Second, they desire to see no territorial changes that do not accord with the freely
expressed wishes of the peoples concerned;

Third, they respect the right of all peoples to choose the form of government under which
they will live; and they wish to see sovereign rights and self government restored to
those who have been forcibly deprived of them;

Fourth, they will endeavor, with due respect for their existing obligations, to further
the enjoyment by all States, great or small, victor or vanquished, of access, on equal
terms, to the trade and to the raw materials of the world which are needed for their
economic prosperity;

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