Attention Deficit Disorder

This essay has a total of 1124 words and 6 pages.


Attention Deficit Disorder




Attention Deficit Disorder otherwise known as ADD is a condition that refers to an
individual’s inability to control their own behavior or impulse(McEwan 70). This can
begin in early childhood and interfere with children’s ability to do well in school and
social situations. These patients also have troubles blocking out noise or other stimuli
in order to focus on a task or what is being said. ADD is a chronic problem that can be
seen as early as infancy and can extend to adulthood. There are two types of Attention
Deficit Disorder. The most common form is Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD).
The characteristic of this type is hyperactivity, which is seen before the child enters
school(Parker 15 ). The less obvious is Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), where
hyperactivity is not present. The main characteristic of this would be
inattentiveness(Parker 15). There are many studies that can show the causes, symptoms and
treatments of attention deficit disorder(ADD).

There continues to be ongoing research into the actual cause of ADD. Resulted from the
landmark 1990 study conducted by Dr. Alan Zametkin at the National Institute states,
“Strong evidence suggests the most likely cause of ADD is a chemical imbalance or
deficiency in the area responsible for attention and activity”(Hartmann 43). Also it can
be related to abnormalities in the nervous system and ways that messages are sent from the
brain. Evidence suggests a strong heredity predisposition. Equally unfounded are
variously help opinions that behavior which stems from ADD is caused by social or
environmental factors such as poor home and environment. Research has revealed that the
brain in a child with ADD may develop differently. The covering of the nerve tissues doe
not reach its full maturity. There is growing evidence to support

the idea that ADD is hereditary and may be passed from parent to child. It is also more
prevalent with in boys than in girls. In babies that have been prenatal exposed to drugs,
including

alcohol, cocaine, amphetamines, and heroin, ADD needs to be carefully watched for.
Increasing numbers of premature infants are found to have the disorder as well. A
psychiatrist or clinical or school psychologist usually makes a diagnosis. In order to do
this, physicians, psychologists and educators conduct an evaluation that includes a health
and developmental history, medical evaluation, psychological and educational assessment,
behavior rating scales completed by the parents and teacher, and possibly a speech and
language evaluation (Miller 25).

Hyperactivity is the most obvious symptom. Children with this condition are unable to
control their actions even under the most closely monitored situation. Parents often
expect that certain foods cause hyperactivity, but children with ADD are hyperactive even
though these foods are not part of their diets. Other primary symptoms include
inattention, distractibility,

impulsiveness and short attention span. There are problems with organization and
transitioning from one activity to another. The disorder can be complicated by other
kinds of learning and/or behavioral problems as well. Thought patterns may

be loose and poorly organized. Children have difficulty with memory, following directions
and completing tasks. Learning disabilities in math, reading or written languages may
accompany the attention deficit. Late physical maturity is often seen and can cause
social problems and difficulty fitting into peer groups. Overexaggeration of emotions is
common in children with ADD/ADHD, as in an inability to calm themselves. When these
children are excited, they can become overly excited. When they are upset they can become
extremely upset and difficult to soothe. Many of these children have allergies to certain
food substances. Some children may appears quiet or passive in nature and remain
undetected. Few children with an attention deficit have just one manifestation of their
problem. Therefore accurate diagnosis is important before treatment.

ADD/ADHD is such a complex disorder that successful treatment must be carefully planned
and cover all aspects of the child’s life. Consistency is critical if plan is to be
effective. Teachers may try to seat the child near her in the classroom and their
assignments should be shortened. Parents
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