AuschwitzThe Toture Camps Essay

This essay has a total of 1172 words and 6 pages.


AuschwitzThe Toture Camps




Auschwitz, located thirty-seven miles west of Krakow, was the first concentration camp
where Jewish people worked to death, or were automatically killed. This camp, compared to
all the other camps, tortured the most people. At the camp there was a place called the
"Black Wall," this was where the people were executed. In March of 1941, there was
another camp that started its building. This second camp was called Auschwitz II, or
Birkenau. It was located 1.9 miles away from Auschwitz I. In the town Monowitz, another
camp was being built. This camp was called Auschwitz III, or Buna-Monowitz. Other camps
that were located close to Monowitz were moved to Buna-Monowitz.


People that were forced to come to these camps were expelled from their homes, and their
houses were destroyed purposely for building the camp, Birkenau. Birkenau had nine
sub-units. Electrically charged fences that lined their borders separated the terrifying
camps from each other.


In August 1942, the women’s section at Auschwitz I was moved to Birkenau. Nine hundred
and ninety-nine women from Ravensbruck camp and other women from neighboring camps joined
them. Birkenau now had over 6,000 women prisoners being held.


The population of Birkenau was the most densely populated one out of all the camps. It
also had the most horrifying and cruel conditions out of all the camps in the complex.
The prisoners at Birkenau mostly consisted of Jews, Poles, and Germans. There were a
number of Gypsy and Czech Jew family camps located at Birkenau for a period of time also.


Birkenau and all the other sub-camps were mainly forced labor camps. The

most recognized of the labor camps were, Budy, Gleiwitz, Rajsko, and

Furstengrabe. The prisoners here were worked to the point of death. Trains

transported people to these camps, then the victims were violently forced off the

train. All of their personal items were left in the confines of the train as well.

The prisoners were separated into two different lines, one for women and the other for
men. The lines moved into the camp where a procedure called “selection” took place. The
people who could work were not killed at this time. The nazi’s were going to get their
work out of the new prisoners. The women, children, and others that couldn’t work were
not so lucky, they were gassed. Tattoos were given to the selected prisoners on their
right arm as an easy way of registration. Not all of the original prisoners had this
tattoo. The registered number of prisoners was 405,000.


The prisoners that were picked to work, had their clothes taken, heads shaved, sterilized,
and were given black and white striped clothes to wear. In the forced labor camps, the
average lifetime was only a few months. A dreaded part of camp routine was the appeal, or
roll call. In this practice, prisoners

were sent out into the cold after a hard day of work, and were lined up. Anyone that fell
to the ground was shot or gassed. One of the most disgusting and depressing chores that
had to be done was called Sonderkommando. This meant that you burned the deceased bodies
of the prisoners in the crematoria.


The daily routine in the complex differed in each camp, but the basic routine was the
same. The inmates woke at dawn, cleaned their area up, morning roll call was taken, they
walked to their given work site, worked for long hours, had to wait in long lines for
food, then walked back to their bunks, block inspection was done, and then evening roll
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