Badhjdhj Essay

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d its overwhelming appeal in the 20th Century Alia Lamaadar Mrs. Schuett 12 English March
5, 1999 "Books, like proverbs, receive their chief value from the stamp and esteem of ages
through which they have passed." (Temple, Sir William). Bram Stoker's Dracula is a
literary classic, which has stood the test of time. Dracula, written in 1897, makes
reference to mythical creatures, which in the 20th century have substantial scientific
merit. In the increasingly publicized culture of modern society, the reader, who desires
to live vicariously through vampires, can experience an emotional release in the study of
Dracula. This same modern day reader finds a sense of comfort in the rigid definition of
gender roles in the novel, because of the disintegration of sexual barriers in modern
civilization. Dracula is a novel, which is more relevant and appealing to modern readers
then it ever was to readers of the past, who could not fully appreciate it because of the
way in which society has evolved. At the time of Dracula's conception, the notion of
vampires and werewolves was based purely on superstition and speculation. Through the
character of Abraham Van Helsing the reader is informed of the characteristics of the
vampire. The vampire live on, and cannot die by mere passing of time; he can flourish when
that he can fatten on the blood of the living. Even more, we have seen amongst us that he
can even grow younger; that his vital faculties grow s tenuous, and seem as though they
refresh themselves when his special pabulum is plenty. (pg.252) This type of creature in
the 19th century was thought of by many scientific minds as ludicrous. Van Helsing
struggles when he tries to convince the other men of the existence of vampires. "A year
ago which of us would have received such a possibility, in the midst of our scientific,
skeptical, matter-of-fact nineteenth century?" (pg252) It was not until late in the 20th
century that the conditions of Porhyria and Haemotomania were proven. Both diseases
inflict a lust for blood in those affected. Since doctors knew very little about the
internal systems of the human body they would have assumed that a creature like this was
superstitious paranoia. Another condition that also was unheard of, is that of
Lycanthropy, a condition that is characterized by the belief that one is half man, half
wolf. He has the strength of many in his hand-witness again Jonathon when he shut the door
against the wolfs, and when he help him from the diligence too. He can transform himself
to wolf, as we gather from the ship arrival in Whitby, when he tear open the dog. (pg.253)
Although intended to be fictional, the novel comprises facts, which a reader in the 20th
century finds appealing. The reader is challenged by the realization that although the
novel is connected with horrific monsters, scientific evidence gives credence to their
existence. This frightening realization makes the novel even more powerful. Stoker's
probable intention for the inclusion of such creatures, is to fulfill the wish of 19th
century society to express the darker, more destructive side of their humanity. Readers of
Dracula experience an emotional release as they allow the vampires to fulfill their need
for dark cravings and thoughts, especially in a modern society increasingly unable to
obtain privacy. Once Lucy transforms into a vampire she represents all that is considered
forbidden and unclean by both 19th and 20th century societies. With a careless motion, she
flung to the ground, callous as a devil, the child that up to now she had clutched
strenuously to her breast, growling over it as a dog growls over a bone. The child gave a
sharp cry, and lay there moaning. There was a cold-bloodedness in the act which wrung a
groan from Arthur; when she advanced to him with outstretched arms and a wanton smile he
fell back and hid his face in his hands. She still advanced, however, and with a
languorous, voluptuous grace, said:- "Come to me, Arthur. Leave these others and come to
me. My arms are hungry for you. Come, and we can rest together. Come, my husband,
come!(pg.39) Lucy's behavior is indicative of an individual who is true to human nature.
She is violent and her own survival precedes that of others. Most people will never allow
themselves to undergo the type of violent and sexual experiences that vampires like Lucy
and Mina encounter. Kneeling on the near edge of the bed facing outwards was the
white-clad figure of his wife. By her side stood a tall, thin man, clad in black. His face
was turned from us, but the instant we saw we all recognized the Count-in every way, even
to the scar on his forehead. With his left hand he held both Mrs. Harker's hands, keeping
them away with her arms at full tension; his right hand gripped her by the back of the
neck, forcing her face down on his bosom. Her white nightdress was smeared with blood ,
and a thin stream trickled down the man's bare breast which was shown by his torn open
dress. The attitude of the two had a terrible resemblance to a child forcing a kitten's
nose into a saucer of milk to compel it to drink.(pg.298) This very erotic image
represents what many want, especially the Victorians, but which few will allow themselves
to achieve. It is because of society's influence on the lives of its members, that people
learn to suppress their true desires. People are conditioned, by society, to believe that
many desires are immoral. By reading a novel like Dracula each reader is able, if only for
a short time, to allow the emergence of a darker side of their humanity. In the 20th
century, due primarily to the electronic age, everything a person does has the potential
to become known. There is a general belief in modern society that all knowledge is of
public domain. Reading Dracula is a private and safe way to experience a very profound
sense of release. The reader, in the comfort established by the simplicity of the gender
roles in the novel also achieves this feeling of release. Stoker has a very strict formula
for the appropriate roles of male and female characters in his novel, which is comforting
to a reader, living in a modern civilization defined by the search for gender equality.
Van Helsing represents a very masculine character, who momentarily crosses the gender line
after Lucy's death. He laughed till he cried, and I had to draw down the blinds lest
anyone should see us and misjudge; and then he cried, till he laughed again; and laughed
and cried together just as a woman does. I tried to be stern with him, as one is to a
woman under the circumstances; but it had no effect. Men and women are so different in
manifestations of nervous strength or weakness!(pg.183) Stoker very plainly implies in
this scene that for a man to display emotion, is to show femininity and to betray his own
masculinity. He recognizes that men and women are unequivocally different. In Dracula he
refrains from encouraging the confusion of gender roles, for indeed this type of confusion
can only harm both sexes, particularly women. Ah, that wonderful Madam Mina! She has a
man's brain-a brain that a man should have were he much gifted-and a woman's heart. The
good God fashioned her for a purpose, believe me when He made that so good combination.
Friend John, up to now fortune has made that woman to help us; after to-night she must not
have to do with this so terrible affair. It is not good that she run a risk so great. We
men are determined-nay, are we not pledged?-to destroy this monster; but it is no part for
a woman. Even if she be not harmed, her heart may fail her in so much and so many horrors;
and hereafter she may suffer-both in waking, from her nerves, and in sleep, from her
dreams.(pg248) Mina is a character whom Dr. Seward believes is unlike most other women
because of her intelligence. For a woman to have the intelligence of a man implies that
she must serve some incredible purpose. However, even her vast intelligence does not
compensate for the fact that she is still a woman, and a woman has no place around
violence or demons. Seward expresses Stoker's belief that the chief organ of men is the
brain and of women the heart. In the 20th century there are few tasks which are not
attended to by both men and women. There is no longer a clear gap between the sexes, and
for modern society this presents confusion. Solace is found in a story where men are
masculine and women are feminine and equity is unheard of. Gender equity has cured many
social ills but the novel Dracula represents a time in which the issue was much simpler,
and perhaps there is a yearning, on behalf of 20th century society for this simplicity.
Over a century has passed since Dracula was first published and in this time its relevance
and appeal to its readers has been heightened. The mythological creatures which Stoker
originally wrote about, have over time become a scientific fact, making them more
frightening then ever intended. It is through studying Dracula that modern readers
experience emotional liberation as they live vicariously through the vampires in the
novel. This same reader finds relief in the conciseness of which Stoker defines the sexes
because of the gender role confusion in the 20th century. Dracula represents an escape
from a conflicted and complicated modern society to a world where many issues were much
simpler; it is not often that a novel becomes more appealing to readers as it ages. The
evolution of society in many ways has had positive effects on the quality of life of that
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