Bar Kochba Revolt

This essay has a total of 1755 words and 17 pages.

Bar Kochba Revolt


The Jewish revolt led by

Bar Kochba in 132 AD was not the work of a single if a single radical revolutionary.

It was the inevitable result of years of promises not kept to the Jews, and

laws which suppressed the basis of Jews as a nation.

To understand the reason

for Bar Kochba's Revolt one must go back many years even before the war. Prior

to Hadrian, an emperor by the name of Trajan was the ruler of the Roman empire.

Due to the rebellion of the Jews in the Diaspora to the east and the west

of them, Trajan, in order to keep the Jews in Palestine from rebelling he had

to send a great general to be governor of the Jews in Palestine, a general

who was well with the harshness in which he treated people. This general's

name was Tineius Rufus, he was the general that put down the uprising of the

Jews in Parthia. Because of Rufus' reputation of his severity to the Jews,

he uprooted any thought of the Jews in Palestine to rebel against Rome at that

time. The Jews did not want to rebel anyway. Trajan had promised the Jews

that he would rebuild the asenv ,hc, the Jews assumed this also meant to rebuild

Jerusalem.

The Pagans in Palestine did not want the asenv ,hc to be rebuilt,

they thought that if it was rebuilt it would be the rebirth of the Jewish nation.

Also, in addition, Trajan, the Emperor who made this promise died and was

succeeded by Hadrian. The Jews were unsure if Hadrian would keep the promise

that Trajan once made. Hadrian wanted to go to Jerusalem to see what he was

rebuilding before he started the construction. When Hadrian got there he was

awed by the sight of a once desolate and fruitful city in ruins. He immediately

wanted to start the reconstruction. However later the Jews were surprised

and disappointed to discover that Hadrian wanted to rebuild Jerusalem not as

a city for the Jews to restart in, but as a Pagan city sanctified to the Pagan

G-d Jupiter. He was going to put an alter where the Jews asenv ,hc once stood.

Hadrian was to be the high priest. What once was called Jerusalem would now

be called Aelia Capitolina.

This was a mockery to the Jews. The Jews waited

sixty years from the destruction of the Second asenv ,hc for Rome to restore

it to them. The Jews held themselves back from Rebelling with their neighboring

Jews in Diaspora because they held onto, and believed that Trajan's promise

would be kept. Furthermore, Hadrian later made a prohibition of circumcision.

"Consequently the Jews saw in Hadrian another Antiochus Epiphanes. And where

there was an Antiochus, a Maccabee was bound to arise."

THE JEWS HAD TO REVOLT.

The Romans had by now either banned or mocked some of the most important beliefs

in Judaism. If they did not revolt against the Romans they would have died,

in a spiritual sense. Even if the Romans didn't kill them, they would not

really be Jewish anymore. Circumcision, which was the physical difference

between them as Jews and, as well as a basic premise of their Jewish beliefs.

Their only choice was to gain their independence.

Rabbi Akiva, a great scholar

of his day, also once believed in Tarsus' promise. He had also been led astray.

Therefore, the great Rabbi helped organize thousands of soldiers to fight

for the independence and welfare of the Jewish people. Rabbi Akiva also picked

a man named Shimon Bar Kochba to lead his army. Rabbi Akiva was sure that

Bar Kochba would turn out to be "A second Judah the Maccabee."

Rabbi Akiva

was so sure of this that he called Bar Kochba the jhan. His name alone was

a reference to him being the jhan, his name Bar Kochba means "Son of a Star"

from the word Kochab which means star. There was also a sentence in the Torah

which stated, "A star has come forth from David." Both times a star is mentioned.

This is a direct referral to him being the jhan.

Bar Kochba had to make

sure his army was ferocious and unstoppable. To make sure that his army only

consisted of the strongest warriors, he said that only men who would bite a

finger off his right hand would merit to be in his army, 200,000 people passed

this test. The Rabbi's objected to this manner of testing Jews. They said

to Bar Kochba, "How long are you going to turn Jews into ohnun hkgc?" This

means, how long will you turn Jews into Warriors with imperfection (a missing

finger). Nonetheless, Bar Kochba could think of no other way to test the Jews.

So the Rabbi's suggested that anybody who can uproot a Cedar of Lebanon while

riding past it on a horse would be deserving to enter Bar Kochba's army, 200,000

more people passed this test. After recruiting several others Bar Kochba had

an enormous and ferocious army of about 580,000 people. Bar Kochba was so

confident of his army that before each battle he would say to G-d, "Ribbono

Shel Olam! Do not help us do not hinder us!" What Bar Kochba basica

lly meant

was, let nature run it's course, we do not need your help.

With his army,

Bar Kochba started his attack. Instead of Having an attack of Bar Kochba's

army to all of Palestine at once, he captured Palestine a little at a time.

He would take over fortress after fortress, city after city. Pretty soon

Bar Kochba had overthrown all of Palestine for the Jews. The Jews were once

again independent. In Jerusalem an alter to the Jewish G-d was placed on the

place where the magnificent asenv ,hc once stood. Also the building of a

wall around Jerusalem had begun.

Despite this new joy brought to the Jews,

Bar Kochba knew that the Romans were planning a counter attack so he kept training

his army. In fact Bar Kochba was right. Hadrian had brought a world renowned

general all the way from Britain to lead his army against the Jews. The Roman

army along with aiding pagan armies went to launch their counterattack against

Bar Kochba.

The Roman army, much like Bar Kochba's army didn't attack them

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  • Bar Kochba Revolt
    Bar Kochba Revolt The Jewish revolt led by Bar Kochba in 132 AD was not the work of a single if a single radical revolutionary. It was the inevitable result of years of promises not kept to the Jews, and laws which suppressed the basis of Jews as a nation. To understand the reason for Bar Kochba\'s Revolt one must go back many years even before the war. Prior to Hadrian, an emperor by the name of Trajan was the ruler of the Roman empire. Due to the rebellion of the Jews in the Diaspora to the ea
  • Bar Kochba Revolt
    Bar Kochba Revolt The Jewish revolt led by Bar Kochba in 132 AD was not the work of a single if a single radical revolutionary. It was the inevitable result of years of promises not kept to the Jews, and laws which suppressed the basis of Jews as a nation. To understand the reason for Bar Kochba\'s Revolt one must go back many years even before the war. Prior to Hadrian, an emperor by the name of Trajan was the ruler of the Roman empire. Due to the rebellion of the Jews in the Diaspora to the ea
  • Bar Kochba Revolt
    Bar Kochba Revolt The Jewish revolt led by Bar Kochba in 132 AD was not the work of a single if a single radical revolutionary. It was the inevitable result of years of promises not kept to the Jews, and laws which suppressed the basis of Jews as a nation. To understand the reason for Bar Kochba\'s Revolt one must go back many years even before the war. Prior to Hadrian, an emperor by the name of Trajan was the ruler of the Roman empire. Due to the rebellion of the Jews in the Diaspora to the ea