Battle of Vicksburg Essay

This essay has a total of 885 words and 5 pages.


Battle of Vicksburg




The Battle of Vicksburg
The Civil war cut our nation in two, Americans fighting Americans, brother against
brother. A key battle fought westward was the turning point in the war: the Battle of
Vicksburg.

(Williams 3)
Grant began to make plans for a campaign against Vicksburg. The campaign in the American
Civil War culminating in the surrender of Vicksburg, Mississippi. The Union forces under
General Ulysses S. Grant on July 4, 1863. General Ulysses S. Grant with the largest force,
about 67, 000 men. I was to guard rail communications and occupy towns in the Union. It
held territory in the west, but he would concentrate on taking Vicksburg. Vicksburg is
the last principal confederate bastion on the Mississippi. (Street-17)

During the period May through July 1862, several attempts to seize Vicksburg were made by
Adam. David G. Farragut’s fleet and troops under General Thomas Williams. These Ventures
failed because the guns used on the ships could not be directed effectively against the
confederate batteries high on the bluffs, and because the confederate troops far
outnumbered the Union contingents sent against them. (Street 79)

Between Cairo, Illinois, and the Gulf of Mexico, the Mississippi River twists and winds
for nearly 1,000 miles. Receiving control of Vicksburg and the Mississippi River was a
huge benefit in the war. The River was vital to both the American Government and to the
Confederate forces in the west. Confederate forces mounted artillery batteries ready to
challenge the passage of Union ships. Before the outbreak of the Civil War, Vicksburg,
Mississippi had become one of the most prosperous and sophisticated towns on the old
Southern frontier.

The city was a becoming center of trade, its wharves crowded with boats carrying all
manner of goods and commodities. It boasted a municipal orchestra, a Shakespeare repertory
company, and an imposing courthouse in the Greek revival style. To its proud citizens,
Vicksburg was the “Queen City of the Bluff” and center, as one f them wrote, of them
wrote, of “culture, education and luxury”. All this to change with coming of the war.
(Brann 81)

By early 1862 the peaceful town had become one of the most stregically important spots in
the entire confederacy. From the beginning of the war in 1861, to protect their most
prized possession, the Confederacy but up fortifications at strategic points along the
river. Federal forces eventually captured post after post.

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