Beloved-water Motif

This essay has a total of 1491 words and 5 pages.

Beloved-water Motif


Beloved In her novel Beloved, Toni Morrison writes about the life of former slaves of
Sweet Home. Sethe, one of the main characters, was once a slave to a man and his wife, Mr.
and Mrs. Garner. After Garner's sudden death, schoolteacher comes to Sweet Home and takes
control of the slaves. His treatment of all the slaves forced them to run away. Fearing
that her children would be sold, Sethe sent her two boys and her baby girl ahead to her
mother-in-law. On the way to freedom, a white girl named Amy Denver helped Sethe deliver
her daughter, who she later names Denver. About a month after Sethe escapes slavery,
schoolteacher found her and tried to bring her back. In fear that her children would be
brought back into slavery, Sethe killed her older daughter and attempted to kill Denver
and her boys. Sethe, along with Denver, was sent to prison and spent three months there.
Buglar and Howard, her two sons, eventually ran away. After about eighteen years, another
ex-slave from Sweet Home, Paul D., came to live with Sethe and Denver. A few days later,
while coming home from a carnival, Sethe, Paul D., and Denver found a young woman of about
twenty on their porch. She claimed her name is Beloved. They took her in and she lived
with them. Throughout the novel, Morrison uses many symbols and imagery to express her
thoughts and to help us better understand the characters. Morrison uses the motif of water
throughout the novel to represent birth, re-birth, and escape to freedom. In Beloved, one
of the things that water represents is birth. When Sethe was running away form Sweet Home,
she was pregnant. In order to get to freedom, she had to cross the Ohio River. On the way
to the river, Sethe met a young white girl named Amy Denver. Amy helped Sethe to keep
going because her feet were swollen up. When Sethe and Amy got to the river, Sethe thought
the baby had died during the previous night. However, she soon felt the signs of labor.
"It looked like home to her, and the baby (not dead in the least) must have thought so
too. As soon as Sethe got close to the river her own water broke loose to join it. The
break, followed by the redundant announcement of labor, arched her back" (p. 83). Sethe
crawled into a boat that soon began to fill with water. It was in this boat that Sethe
gave birth to Denver. "When a foot rose from the riverbed and kicked the bottom of the
boat and Sethe's behind, she knew it was done and permitted herself a short faint" (p.
84). In these two passages, water signifies birth. Denver was thought to be dead until
Sethe reached the river, a large body of water. Also, Denver is actually born in the water
because the boat that Sethe was in was filled up with water. When Beloved first appears at
Sethe's house, Sethe leans in to look at the woman's face. As she does so, she suddenly
feels a great need to relive herself. "She never made the outhouse. Right in front of its
door she had to lift her skirts, and the water she voided was endless. Like a horse, she
thought, but as it went on and on she thought, No, more like flooding the boat when Denver
was born" (p.50). When Sethe looked at Beloved's face, her bladder filled up. When she was
relieving herself, the amount of urine reminded her of flooding the boat when her water
broke at the time Denver was born. Denver's birth is associated many times with water.
Throughout her novel, Toni Morrison also uses the motif of water to signify re-birth. When
we first meet Beloved, Morrison writes, "A fully dressed woman walked out of the water"
(p. 50). In this passage, Beloved, the daughter that Sethe murdered 18 years ago, comes
back to the world of the living. She comes straight out of the water. Here, water
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