I did reasearch on Birkenau, a concentration camp used in the Holocaust also know as
Auschwitz. I chose this particular topic because, I thought it would be interesting to
learn about the concentration camps used in the Holocaust. The two sources i used for my
presentation is an internet site and the encarta encloypedia. The Nazis established
Auschwitz in April 1940 under the direction of Heinrich Himmler, chief of two Nazi
organizations the Nazi guards known as the Schutzstaffel , and the secret police known as
the Gestapo. The camp at Auschwitz
originally housed political prisoners from occupied Poland and from concentration camps within
Germany. Construction of nearby Birkenau (Brzenzinka), also known as Auschwitz II,
began in October 1941 and included a women's section after August 1942. Birkenau had four gas
chambers, designed to resemble showers, and four crematoria, used to incinerate bodies.
Approximately 40 more satellite camps were established around Auschwitz. These were forced
labor camps and were known collectively as Auschwitz III. The first one was built at Monowitz and
held Poles who had been forcibly evacuated from their hometowns by the Nazis.