Black Death2

This essay has a total of 1166 words and 5 pages.


Black Death2




The Black Death
Every year millions of people die. People die either from natural causes or from another
source like murder. Cancer and AIDS are the number one diseases leading to death in the
21st century. (Jueneman 1) However, they have not always been the leading diseases.
Around as early as 542 AD, a deadly disease broke out in Constaniople and quickly spread
around the world within a few hundred years. This disease in considered the worst natural
disaster in history. The Bubonic plague, also known as the Black Death, is historically
the disease that has caused the most deaths and caused China, Europe, and India to shortly
stop trade altogether.

History has been filled with many disasters. The Bubonic plague has been responsible for
three of those disasters. The first disaster, The Plague of Justinian, occurred in
Constaniople in 542. This specific outbreak killed an estimated 70,000 people in two
years. At its peak, 1,000 people died each week, and many more were infected but
recovered successfully. This was the first time Bubonic plague became known to society.
This would not be the last time the plague would strike.

In 1346, the second and most devastating case of Bubonic plague erupted. (Janis 1) This
specific case of plague originated in Kaffa, a cathedral town on the Crimean Coast and
spread to China then quickly westward to India. Soon traders from India sailed to Europe
and infected almost the entire continent. (Ziegler 121) This case was the most famous
because of the large number of deaths affiliated with its outbreak. An estimated twenty
five million people, one third of Europe’s population, perished during the plague’s four
years of existence. (Janis 1) Government, trade, and commerce in Europe almost came to a
halt. The Black Death caused the depopulation of about 1,000 villages in England. (Janis
2) In one case, in Alexandria, Egypt, the first two weeks of the plague 100-200 people
died each day. Soon after, as many as 2,000 people died each day and the number increased
each week. During this time, the Roman Catholic Church lost some influence on its people.
Jews were blamed for the plague and were massacred. By 1351, the plague had reached
Russia. (Rice 1)

The third and final big outbreak was the Great Plague of London in 1665, which killed an
estimated 17,444 out of the total population of 93,000. (Janis 2) Luckily, the city
caught fire and the outbreak was eventually destroyed. By the time the plague began to
die out, it had killed 12,597,789 people primarily in India and Asia.

The plague spread quickly from person to person, but it did not originate from a human.
The Black Death originated from rats or other rodents, many of which lived on ships or in
ocean settings. A flea would drink the blood from the rat and the Yersian pestis bacteria
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