Bolshevik revolution Essay

This essay has a total of 1090 words and 8 pages.


bolshevik revolution




THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION


The Bolshevik Revolution started many changes in Russia. One of the most dramatic changes
was the change of their form of government to communism. This was brought about by the
murder of the Czar and his family by the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks were sure to include
the whole family in the murder because of the fear that someday one might comeback and
reclaim power. So on July 17, 1918 Czar Nicholas II and his family were murdered. Although
there were rumors about his daughter Anastasia escaping, she never resurfaced into society
(Mestrovic 18).


Another significant change in Russia came about in 1922. It was declared as the U.S.S.R.
when ethnic territories of the Russian empire were united with the Russian



Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (Pipes 44). The Bolsheviks Revolution led to the
demise of Russia as a world power because of the resulting up rise of communism, the Cold
War and severe economic depression.


There are three major reasons why the Bolshevik Revolution led to the demise of Russia as
a world power with one of these reasons being the resulting up rise of communism. Vladimir
Ilych Lenin planned an uprising of communism in Russia for more than twenty-five years. He
finally planed an up rise on November 7,1917 because there was a meeting of the Congress
of Soviets scheduled that day. Knowing that no one would dare to challenge him, he seized
control of the capital and demanded peace, land reform and worker’s control of factories
(Mestrovic 22).


But once in power, Lenin turned his back on all programs of reform. The only promise he
kept was to take Russia out of World War one. A few weeks before the November revolution,
Lenin wrote “ We fight for a more democratic worker’s and peasant’s republic in which the
police and standing army will be completely abolished and all official persons will not
only be elected but they will be subject to recall at anytime upon the demand of the
majority electors.”(23) Police and standing army




abolished? Umm no. In fact Lenin started his own secret police, the Cheka, and built up
his army to nearly five million men. (Encarta) Lenin was also sure to exile Kerensky out
of Russia to end any threat of a loss of power.(Trotsky 78)


Shortly after Lenin’s death in 1941, Joseph Stalin became leader. He quickly transformed
the Soviet Union into a complete Totalitarian state. Soon after, he began the Great
Purge, which was the campaign of removing all opposition to the communist rule, millions
of Russians were murdered. This left Stalin with a generation of officials loyal to him
alone. However, the country was more vulnerable because of the reduction of the high
ranking military officials that were capable of running the armies. (Pipes 78)


Which brings us to another factor that led to the demise of Russia, the Cold War. A major
cause of the cold war was the fact that Stalin never trusted American intentions.
(Bolshevik and workers) His aggression and attitude pertaining to Soviet influences on
Europe made the post war perspective a face-off. He was seen as a cruel dictator and
nobody wanted to deal with him , so there were many misunderstandings between the two
sides. (Figes 22)





“The Cold War, seen as a battle between Communism and Capitalism, was in reality a more
complex struggle over a broad range of ideological, economical, and strategic issues.” The
Russians were jealous of the Americans for many reasons with the ideals of having personal
freedom and opportunity as the driving forces throughout the Cold War. (32)


To add to the increasing tensions between the U.S. and the Soviets in 1947 President Harry
Truman signed a bill that authorized U.S. aid to anti-communist forces. This bill became
known as the Truman Doctrine. This angered the Soviets. Further angering the Soviets, the
U.S. entered a peacetime military alliance called NATO or the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization. This did not help with the Cold War either, it just pushed the two forces
farther apart. Then the Soviets responded with the Warsaw Pact, which was an alliance
between the communist countries of Eastern Europe. (Mestrovic 44)


The next factor that led to the demise of Russia as a world power was its periods of
economic depression. To start, the Soviet Union had twelve five year plans. They had

Continues for 4 more pages >>




  • Women in the Workforce
    Women in the Workforce Western female thought through the centuries has identified the relationship between patriarchy and gender as crucial to the women’s subordinate position. For two hundred years, patriarchy precluded women from having a legal or political identity and the legislation and attitudes supporting this provided the model for slavery. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries suffrage campaigners succeeded in securing some legal and political rights for women in the UK. By the mid
  • Cultural Criticism and Frankenstein
    Cultural Criticism and Frankenstein CULTURAL CRITICISM AND FRANKENSTEIN Cultural Criticisms · Goal of cultural criticism is to oppose culture with a capital C. The view of culture, which always and only equates it with what we call “high culture.” · Cultural critics want to make term culture refer to popular culture as well as the classics · Break down the boundary between high and low and dismantle the hierarchy that the distinction implies · Cultural critics want to get us away from thinking a
  • Bollocks
    Bollocks Since the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima, the whole world has been in fear of nuclear war, for the first time in our history we can completely destroy the world. During the era of super power confrontation, the world came very near to nuclear annihilation on more than once. But now that the era of super power confrontation has ended with the fall of communism and the collapse of the USSR, what are the implications for nuclear stability? 80 Whilst during the cold war, there wer
  • Maxism
    Maxism Perhaps if I believed strongly in the work of one theorist, this paper would not prove to be so difficult. The truth is, I find each classical theorist’s work to hold certain underlying principles, which justifies their ideology- therefore, I can not disagree. Whether it is Smith, Marx or Weber, they all have some basic premise, which it would be difficult for opponents to negate. That is why I have decided to present the work of perhaps the three most important theorists, who established
  • Sexual harassment
    sexual harassment USE FOR REFERENCE OR GUIDANCE ONLY!!! Sexual Harassment and how it relates psychoanalytical and conflict theories The issue of sexual harassment has been prevalent throughout this country from the office of the President of the United States, throughout military services and among educational institutions. Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination and although it is an offense committed by both females and males in assorted measures, it is predominately committed by males a
  • Sexual harassment
    sexual harassment USE FOR REFERENCE OR GUIDANCE ONLY!!! Sexual Harassment and how it relates psychoanalytical and conflict theories The issue of sexual harassment has been prevalent throughout this country from the office of the President of the United States, throughout military services and among educational institutions. Sexual harassment is a form of discrimination and although it is an offense committed by both females and males in assorted measures, it is predominately committed by males a
  • Little white lie
    little white lie Orwell & Marx Animalism vs. Marxism ³Every line I have written since 1936 has been written, directly or indirectly, against totalitarianism," quotes George Orwell in the preface to the 1956 Signet Classic edition of Animal Farm. The edition, which sold several millions copies, however, omitted the rest of the sentence: "and for democratic Socialism, as I understand it.² It is in Animal Farm, written in 1944 but not published until after World War Two in 1945, which Orwell offers
  • Ideal Healt and Insurence System
    Ideal Healt and Insurence System The development of liberal thought began in the seventeen-century England. Often, constitutional monarchy is perceived as a beginning of liberalism. Growth of commercial middle classes and wealth accumulation and consumption, leaded to a new, individualistic morality. The individual is a basic unit of the liberalism ideology. Supreme goals of a liberal political system are preservation of the individual and attainment of individual happiness. That includes the pr
  • Machiavelli
    Machiavelli When you speak of Fidel Castro, what do you speak of? The Cuban Leader is not your everyday leader. To fully understand Fidel Castro you must have a firm foundation with which to work from. I will explore the political ideology of Fidel Castro by explaining what is in an ideology, Fidel Castro’s background, and his political position both before the Cuban revolution and presently. An ideology is a number of action-oriented, materialistic, popular, and simplistic political theories th
  • The Three Key Concepts of Sociology
    The Three Key Concepts of Sociology Please do not plagiarism my paper The Three Key Concepts of Sociology Applied to Analyzing Single-Parent Families What is the term family? What does it mean? Who decides what makes up a family? The definition of family means “a set of relations especially parents and children” (American Century Dictionary 205). This might include anyone related to by blood or by adoption such as: step parents, grandparents acting as parents, and even brothers and sisters somet
  • The Three Key Concepts of Sociology in a single pa
    The Three Key Concepts of Sociology in a single parent family Please do not plagiarism my paper The Three Key Concepts of Sociology Applied to Analyzing Single-Parent Families What is the term family? What does it mean? Who decides what makes up a family? The definition of family means “a set of relations especially parents and children” (American Century Dictionary 205). This might include anyone related to by blood or by adoption such as: step parents, grandparents acting as parents, and even
  • Theories of Patriarchy
    Theories of Patriarchy This is an A grade essay Assess the claim that gender inequalities in the domestic and occupational divisions of labour are best understood with reference to the concept of patriarchy. You should illustrate your answer with reference to a range of feminist perspectives. Introduction Western female thought through the centuries has identified the relationship between patriarchy and gender as crucial to the women’s subordinate position. For two hundred years, patriarchy prec
  • The Scene of the Screen Envisioning Cinematc and E
    The Scene of the Screen Envisioning Cinematc and Electronic Presence This essay is published in Materialities of Communication., eds. Hans Ulrich Gumbrecht and K. Ludwig Pfeiffer (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1994): 83-106. A much shorter version also appeared in Post Script: Essays in Film and the Humanties 10.1 (Fall 1990): 50-59, under the title "Toward a Phenomenology of Cinematic and Electronic Presence: The Scene of the Screen." It is used here with the permission of the author. I
  • A Basic Analysis of the Balkan Economy in Relation
    A Basic Analysis of the Balkan Economy in Relation to the EU I think that it is right to begin with the Theory of consumer choice. The above consumer has expressed his preference of choice. He has a taste for seafood which he prefers above all other types of food. This does not mean that he only eats seafood, but in line with the last two elements of the theory of consumer choice, he has shown his preference for taste and on that assumption, will do the best that he can for himself to consume a
  • Discussing Bresslers definition of Marxism as a li
    Discussing Bresslers definition of Marxism as a literary theory Marxism is not the hot topic it once was. With the collapse of Communist U.S.S.R., mainstream North America had thought it had seen the last of Marxism and the communist party. However, with the People\'s Republic of China becoming a reality, those early beliefs may have proven to be premature. Defining Marxism is not difficult. Marxism is the belief that the common workingman (the proletariat) is under a rule of tyranny by the upp
  • Marxism
    Marxism Marxist criticism is inherently existentialist. One cannot know anything without having been exposed to it as some sort of life experience. There is no knowledge a priori, as some of the ancient philosophers would have us believe. Rather, knowledge is accumulated a posteriori, through actual experience. Therefore, there is almost nothing that is inherent and absolute in our knowledge. It can never be purely objective, as knowledge is absorbed through the grid of our own perceptions, and
  • Marxism in the Media
    Marxism in the Media Holy Smokes, Kids! Its Marxism in the Media!! By: Joel Rust Sandra Carter Media Theory and Criticism March 29, 2001 To my distress and perhaps to my delight, I order things in accordance with my passions. I put in my pictures everything I like. So much worse for the thingsthey have to get along with one another. --Pablo Picasso (Berman 1) The above quote raises some interesting questions one must consider about the mass media. What decides which messages the media portr
  • Sociology6
    sociology6 Social Conflict Theories By: Bill Clinton Conflict Theory and Functionalism There are three main theories of sociology; functionalism, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism. This paper will focus on two of those theories, functionalism and conflict theory. The objective is to delineate the assumptions of two out of the three theoretical perspectives and apply these assumptions to an analysis of social stratification. How this will be accomplished will be by comparing and contra
  • Music
    music The term assassination refers to murder for political reasons. In the United States with its democratic ideals, change should be brought about through the ballot. However, American History has shown us that this is not true. Abraham Lincoln, James A. Garfield, William McKinley and John F. Kennedy were all assassinated by supposedly troubled individuals that believed their ideals could not be brought about by a ballot. Assassinations are cruel, unexpected acts that often have enormous effe
  • Women Studies Final Report
    Women Studies Final Report SECTION ONE: Liberal vs. Marxist Feminism Liberal feminists believe that oppression and inequality must be justified. In other words, any inequality between genders must be explained and justified, in order for it to be accepted by the liberal feminists. According to our textbook, the liberal feminism originated from the social contract theories. Such theories state that all forms of social domination or authority must be justified, according to the textbook. Liberal
  • Class State and Crime Social Conflict Perspective
    Class State and Crime Social Conflict Perspective Class: Social Psychology Class, State, and Crime : Social Conflict Perspective How does Class, state ,and social controls within a capitalistic society lead to increase crime due to the criminal laws and criminal justice system imposed on the lower middle class. Social conflict theory is the only one out of the vast number of criminology theories that deals directly with this problem. From out of it’s Marxist roots arose a theory which challenge
  • Comparitive Sociology
    Comparitive Sociology This paper is an attempt to do something that is probably not a good idea. I am going to try and take the ideas of some of the most prominent postmodern Sociological thinkers and mesh them together in some sort of coherent format. The purpose of this paper is to provide a starting place for people interested in postmodern Sociological thought. There really is no one all-encompassing postmodern theory, or a group of like-minded postmodern theorists. In fact this notion is a
  • Conflict Theory and Functionalism
    Conflict Theory and Functionalism Conflict Theory and Functionalism There are three main theories of sociology; functionalism, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism. This paper will focus on two of those theories, functionalism and conflict theory. The objective is to delineate the assumptions of two out of the three theoretical perspectives and apply these assumptions to an analysis of social stratification. How this will be accomplished will be by comparing and contrasting their assumpt
  • Gender Inequality
    Gender Inequality Introduction Western female thought through the centuries has identified the relationship between patriarchy and gender as crucial to the women¡¦s subordinate position. For two hundred years, patriarchy precluded women from having a legal or political identity and the legislation and attitudes supporting this provided the model for slavery. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries suffrage campaigners succeeded in securing some legal and political rights for women in the UK.
  • Karl Marx1
    Karl Marx1 Karl Marx was possibly one of the most influential thinkers of his time. Marx was born in Trier, Germany on April , 15 1818. His father, a Jewish lawyer, provided a comfortable life for Marx and his siblings. His mother, Henrietta, was of Dutch decent. His parents goal was to provide a family life that would foster an environment conducive to the development of their children. His father hoped Karl would make a profound impact on the world. If he had only known how profound that impa
  • Postmodern sociological
    postmodern sociological This paper is an attempt to do something that is probably not a good idea. I am going to try and take the ideas of some of the most prominent postmodern Sociological thinkers and mesh them together in some sort of coherent format. The purpose of this paper is to provide a starting place for people interested in postmodern Sociological thought. There really is no one all-encompassing postmodern theory, or a group of like-minded postmodern theorists. In fact this notion is
  • Social Conflict Theories
    Social Conflict Theories Conflict Theory and Functionalism There are three main theories of sociology; functionalism, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism. This paper will focus on two of those theories, functionalism and conflict theory. The objective is to delineate the assumptions of two out of the three theoretical perspectives and apply these assumptions to an analysis of social stratification. How this will be accomplished will be by comparing and contrasting their assumptions and
  • Gender Inequality & Theories Of Patriarchy
    Gender Inequality & Theories Of Patriarchy Assess the claim that gender inequalities in the domestic and occupational divisions of labour are best understood with reference to the concept of patriarchy. You should illustrate your answer with reference to a range of feminist perspectives. Introduction Western female thought through the centuries has identified the relationship between patriarchy and gender as crucial to the women¡¦s subordinate position. For two hundred years, patriarchy preclu
  • Another Feminism
    Another Feminism Q.1(b) Feminist approaches to sociological theory have developed out of historical sites of struggle for equality. Describe the strengths and weaknesses of four (4) different feminist theoretical orientations. Sociological theory is broadly concerned with structured forms of social inequality. Therefore, sociologist generally attempt to approach human behaviour and relations in terms of the particular social setting of different social groups, classes and etc. However, feminist
  • Another Feminism
    Another Feminism Q.1(b) Feminist approaches to sociological theory have developed out of historical sites of struggle for equality. Describe the strengths and weaknesses of four (4) different feminist theoretical orientations. Sociological theory is broadly concerned with structured forms of social inequality. Therefore, sociologist generally attempt to approach human behaviour and relations in terms of the particular social setting of different social groups, classes and etc. However, feminist
  • Theories Of Patriarchy & Feminist Ideology
    Theories Of Patriarchy & Feminist Ideology Assess the claim that gender inequalities in the domestic and occupational divisions of labour are best understood with reference to the concept of patriarchy. You should illustrate your answer with reference to a range of feminist perspectives. Introduction Western female thought through the centuries has identified the relationship between patriarchy and gender as crucial to the women\'s subordinate position. For two hundred years, patriarchy preclude
  • Globalisation
    Globalisation The phenomenon known as globalisation Introduction To begin with, tell them that they will need to look at the essay questions today Later we will be doing a trial reflective exercise Let\'s look at Globalisation My story When my colleagues and I were faced with redundancy we were placed in a unique position. Or perhaps it wasn\'t quite so unique, just unspoken; ‘experts\' are not renowned for publicly applying their own theories to themselves. After years working as labour resea
  • The Afro-American Critical Thought of Cornel West
    The Afro-American Critical Thought of Cornel West as Critical Theory Introduction In his discussion of Wittgenstein, James C. Edwards writes that there is no such thing as a formula that applies itself, one whose intrinsic meaning is independent of a conventional, public practice (AL 163). The similar point can be made, and probably with less risk of controversy, that the significance of a theory will never be independent of the way people interpret that theory and respond to it. This paper eval
  • Marx
    Marx Marx\'s Theory Of Money The Theory of Money and the Theory of Value The most important point to emerge from Marx\'s theory of money is the idea that money is a form of value. The difficulty with this idea is that we are more familiar with money itself than with value in other forms. But value does appear in forms other than money. For example, the balance sheet of a capitalist firm estimates the value of goods in process and of fixed capital which has not yet been depreciated, as well as th
  • Marxism. Eulogy and Detraction
    Marxism. Eulogy and Detraction Marxism. Eulogy and Detraction In East Marx is no longer reffered to as he is held responsible for the totalitarian catastrophe. In West he is still disputed but, almost always, his views are no longer connected to all that they have determined. Some read Marx particularly for the a€œevila€� he is assumed with, for the horrors of communism. Others, read him just for political reasons. I read Marx so as to be completely able to demonstrate that Marxism may st
  • Communism
    Communism I Introduction Communism: A theory and system of social and political organization that was a major force in world politics for much of the 20th century. As a political movement, communism sought to overthrow capitalism through a workers\' revolution and establish a system in which property is owned by the community as a whole rather than by individuals. In theory, communism would create a classless society of abundance and freedom, in which all people enjoy equal social and economic s
  • Symbols Selves and Social Reality chapter 8 review
    Symbols Selves and Social Reality chapter 8 review FINAL PAPER: CHAPTER 8 REVIEW The chapter begins by examining the relevance of symbolic interactionism, not only for deepening personal understanding of social life but also for improving social policy. It then moves on to consider how interactionism has moved beyond its early focus of interpersonal observations, particularly by broadening its scope to include analysis of mesostructure and organizational life. It concluded by discussing some of
  • Bob Marleys Redemption Song
    Bob Marleys "Redemption Song" Since its founding in the 1930s, the Rastafarian movement has grown to the point where it has become a major cultural and political force in Jamaica. During its existence, the movement has challenged Jamaica\'s neo-colonialist society\'s attempts to keep whites at the top and blacks at the bottom of the socio-economic structure. Because of its controversial actions, the movement has evoked responses from observers that range from hostility to curiosity (Forsythe 63)
  • Conflict between humanistic and scientific value
    conflict between humanistic and scientific value HRM - Conflicts of Scientific and Humanistic Values 1.0 Introduction One of the popular theory of the "Critical Theorist " ( with referrence to the Marxist view ). science reduce humankind to passive objects beholden to the laws of nature. Sociology, as a form of science, is therefore also criticized for making scientific studies a means to an end unto themselves, as well as for not recognizing the importance of the individual. Modern society at l
  • Marxism
    marxism How convincing was the Marxist critique of the capitalist state? This next unit of theory is entitled Ideology and Discourse. The theorists we\'re examining--Althusser, Bakhtin, and Foucault--are discussing how ideology works, and how ideologies construct subjects. All of these theorists are coming from a Marxist perspective, using ideas and terms developed in Marxist theory, though only Althusser actually claims to be a Marxist. So to start off, I want to talk a bit about some basic ide
  • September 11 in International Relations Theory
    September 11 in International Relations Theory September 11 in International Relations Theory An event as epochal as September 11 is bound to provoke theorists of international relations. Over the past year or so, there has been a race in academia to claim the first prize for the best theory to explain the events before and after September 11. The consensus is that the dominant discourse of realism has won, because it conceives of conflict and destruction as natural in an anarchical world (from
  • George Simmel
    George Simmel 1. Introduction. While Simmel is generally not regarded as being as influential in sociology as were Marx, Weber, Durkheim, or even Parsons, several of the early United States sociologists studied with or were influenced by Simmel. This was especially true of those who developed the symbolic interaction approach including writers in the Chicago school, a tradition that dominated United States sociology in the early part of this century, before Parsons. Georg Simmel (1858-1918, Germ
  • Comparing the handmaids tale and 1984
    comparing the handmaids tale and 1984 War Is Peace. Freedom Is Slavery. Ignorance Is Strength. The party slogan of Ingsoc illustrates the sense of contradiction which characterizes the novel 1984. That the book was taken by many as a condemnation of socialism would have troubled Orwell greatly, had he lived to see the aftermath of his work. 1984 was a warning against totalitarianism and state sponsored brutality driven by excess technology. Socialist idealism in 1984 had turned to a total loss o
  • Desision support systems
    Desision support systems Abstract Computers have been used to support human decision-making for several decades, and increasingly, formal argumentation models are being used in their design. However, their use raises a number of conceptual and social-ethical questions that have yet to be fully addressed. We explore some questions raised by two current proposals for computer-mediated argumentation and decision-making, in particular the assessment of substantive quality, inclusiveness, and noncoer
  • Division of Labor
    Division of Labor Marx\'s View of the Division of Labor The Division of Labor is a subject which has fascinated social scientists for millennia. Before the advent of modern times, philosophers and theologians concerned themselves with the implications of the idea. Plato saw as the ultimate form of society a community in which social functions would be rigidly separated and maintained; society would be divided into definite functional groups: warriors, artisans, unskilled laborers, rulers. St. Pa
  • A Basic Analysis Of The Balkan Economy In Relation
    A Basic Analysis Of The Balkan Economy In Relation To The E.U. I think that it is right to begin with the Theory of consumer choice. The above consumer has expressed his preference of choice. He has a taste for seafood which he prefers above all other types of food. This does not mean that he only eats seafood, but in line with the last two elements of the theory of consumer choice, he has shown his preference for taste and on that assumption, will do the best that he can for himself to consume
  • Soap Operas - Sociology Of The Media And Popular C
    Soap Operas - Sociology Of The Media And Popular Culture Are soap operas radical television? Or do they merely support a dominant ideology under capitalism? Question Four Are soap operas radical television? Or do they merely support a dominant ideology under capitalism? "Vicki! I…I thought I heard your voice" Roy Lichtenstein; Vicki; 1964 "Oh, Jeff…I love you, too…But" Roy Lichtenstein; I love you…but; 1964 Traditional soap opera dialogue is not unlike the pop-artist Roy Lichtenstein\'s
  • Marxist Feminism
    Marxist Feminism The objective of my paper is to examine the connection between Capitalism and women\'s both social and economical inequality. Marxist feminism explores this question by laying out an economic theory that shows a correlation between the emergence of capitalism, production and private property and the continued oppression of women. Other theorists argue that this oppression is due to an already existing patriarchal society. Is the exploitation of women in the home through an unfai
  • Social Research
    Social Research AISHA GITTENS-HIPPOLYTE Taking Two Of The Theoretical Approaches To Social Research Discussed In The Module, Demonstrate The Connections Between Their Ontological, Epistemological And Methodological Assumptions. Which Method Or Methods Would Proponents Of Each Theory Favour As A Result Of Their Assumptions. In order to understand the production of sociological knowledge one must first examine the thought processes that lay behind each piece of research. Before a particular subjec
  • Sociology portfolio
    sociology portfolio What is Sociology? Sociology is the systematic study of human society. Peter Berger said in his book Invitation to Sociology that Sociological perspectives involves seeing the general in the particular, seeing the strange in the familiar and individuality in social context. Seeing the general in the particular is how sociologists look at the patterns of life in people\'s behaviour. Seeing the strange in the familiar is recognizing the impact society has on our lives. Individu