Bolshevik revolution Essay

This essay has a total of 1090 words and 8 pages.


bolshevik revolution




THE BOLSHEVIK REVOLUTION


The Bolshevik Revolution started many changes in Russia. One of the most dramatic changes
was the change of their form of government to communism. This was brought about by the
murder of the Czar and his family by the Bolsheviks. The Bolsheviks were sure to include
the whole family in the murder because of the fear that someday one might comeback and
reclaim power. So on July 17, 1918 Czar Nicholas II and his family were murdered. Although
there were rumors about his daughter Anastasia escaping, she never resurfaced into society
(Mestrovic 18).


Another significant change in Russia came about in 1922. It was declared as the U.S.S.R.
when ethnic territories of the Russian empire were united with the Russian



Soviet Federated Socialist Republic (Pipes 44). The Bolsheviks Revolution led to the
demise of Russia as a world power because of the resulting up rise of communism, the Cold
War and severe economic depression.


There are three major reasons why the Bolshevik Revolution led to the demise of Russia as
a world power with one of these reasons being the resulting up rise of communism. Vladimir
Ilych Lenin planned an uprising of communism in Russia for more than twenty-five years. He
finally planed an up rise on November 7,1917 because there was a meeting of the Congress
of Soviets scheduled that day. Knowing that no one would dare to challenge him, he seized
control of the capital and demanded peace, land reform and worker’s control of factories
(Mestrovic 22).


But once in power, Lenin turned his back on all programs of reform. The only promise he
kept was to take Russia out of World War one. A few weeks before the November revolution,
Lenin wrote “ We fight for a more democratic worker’s and peasant’s republic in which the
police and standing army will be completely abolished and all official persons will not
only be elected but they will be subject to recall at anytime upon the demand of the
majority electors.”(23) Police and standing army




abolished? Umm no. In fact Lenin started his own secret police, the Cheka, and built up
his army to nearly five million men. (Encarta) Lenin was also sure to exile Kerensky out
of Russia to end any threat of a loss of power.(Trotsky 78)


Shortly after Lenin’s death in 1941, Joseph Stalin became leader. He quickly transformed
the Soviet Union into a complete Totalitarian state. Soon after, he began the Great
Purge, which was the campaign of removing all opposition to the communist rule, millions
of Russians were murdered. This left Stalin with a generation of officials loyal to him
alone. However, the country was more vulnerable because of the reduction of the high
ranking military officials that were capable of running the armies. (Pipes 78)


Which brings us to another factor that led to the demise of Russia, the Cold War. A major
cause of the cold war was the fact that Stalin never trusted American intentions.
(Bolshevik and workers) His aggression and attitude pertaining to Soviet influences on
Europe made the post war perspective a face-off. He was seen as a cruel dictator and
nobody wanted to deal with him , so there were many misunderstandings between the two
sides. (Figes 22)





“The Cold War, seen as a battle between Communism and Capitalism, was in reality a more
complex struggle over a broad range of ideological, economical, and strategic issues.” The
Russians were jealous of the Americans for many reasons with the ideals of having personal
freedom and opportunity as the driving forces throughout the Cold War. (32)


To add to the increasing tensions between the U.S. and the Soviets in 1947 President Harry
Truman signed a bill that authorized U.S. aid to anti-communist forces. This bill became
known as the Truman Doctrine. This angered the Soviets. Further angering the Soviets, the
U.S. entered a peacetime military alliance called NATO or the North Atlantic Treaty
Organization. This did not help with the Cold War either, it just pushed the two forces
farther apart. Then the Soviets responded with the Warsaw Pact, which was an alliance
between the communist countries of Eastern Europe. (Mestrovic 44)


The next factor that led to the demise of Russia as a world power was its periods of
economic depression. To start, the Soviet Union had twelve five year plans. They had

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