Boston Tea Party Term Paper

This essay has a total of 843 words and 4 pages.

Boston Tea Party

The Boston Tea Party

Most people have heard about the Boston Tea Party. When American's dumped British Tea in
Boston Harbor. But not everyone understands the importance of it, and why the Tea Party is
still remembered today.

It was on December 16, 1773, when American patriots disguised as Mohawk Indians threw 342
chests of tea belonging to the British East India Company from ships into Boston Harbor.
"The Americans were protesting both a tax on tea (the Townshend Acts) and the perceived
monopoly of the East India Company (also the called English East India Company)"
(Britannica p.1).

The Townshend Acts were a series of four acts passed by the British Parliament in an
attempt to assert what it considered to be its historic right of colonial authority
through suspension of a recalcitrant representative assembly and through strict collection
provisions of additional revenue duties. The British-American colonists named the acts
after Charles Townshend, who sponsored them. "The Suspending Act prohibited the New York
Assembly from conducting any further business until it complied with the financial
requirements of the Quartering Act (1765) for the expenses of British troops stationed
there" (Britannica p.1). The second act, often called the Townshend duties, and imposed
direct revenue duties payable at colonial ports, on lead, glass, paper, paint, and tea. It
was the second time in the history of the colonies that a tax had been levied solely for
the purpose of raising revenue. "The third act established strict and often arbitrary
machinery of customs collection in the American Colonies, including additional officers,
searchers, spies, coast guard vessels, search warrants, writs of assistance, and a Board
of Customs Commissioners at Boston, all to be financed out of customs revenues"
(Britannica p.2). The fourth, and most important Townshend Act, lifted commercial duties
on tea, allowing it to be exported to the Colonies free of all British taxes.

The acts posed an immediate threat to established traditions of colonial self-government.
They were resisted everywhere with verbal agitation and physical violence, deliberate
evasion of duties, renewed importation arguments among merchants, and overt acts of
hostility toward British enforcement agents, especially in Boston. "Colonial tumult,
coupled with the instability of frequently changing British ministries resulted at the
Boston Massacre" (Britannica p1). In repeal all revenue duties except that on tea were
lifted.

In 1773 Parliament passed a Tea Act designed to aid the financially troubled East Indian
Company by granting it a monopoly on all tea exported to the colonies, an exemption on the
export tax, and a "drawback" (refund) on duties owed on certain surplus quantities of tea
in its possession. "The tea sent to the colonies was to be carried only in East India
Company ships and sold only through its own agents, bypassing the independent colonial
shippers and merchants. The company thus could sell the tea at a less-than-usual price in
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