Brave New World - Society And Socio-economic Class Essay

This essay has a total of 1077 words and 5 pages.

Brave New World - Society And Socio-economic Class

Discuss how the society in Brave New World works to ensure that people do not change their socio-economic class.

Through Brave New World, Huxley depicts a new, industrialized world, which is financially
stable and has prevented poverty and self-destruction. Dictatorial governments are there
to ensure stability and maintain perfection of the world.


Therefore, just like under any other totalitarian government, social, mental and economic
freedoms are abolished in order to retain social stability. The government eliminated
these freedoms by censoring art and religion, by predestining peoples' social caste prior
their birth, and by controlling each individual's life with the introduction of
conditioning.


At the beginning of the novel, the Director addresses his students and mentions, " We also
predestine and condition. We decant our babies as socialized human beings, as Alphas or
Epsilons, as future sewage workers or future Directors of Hatcheries," (p. 29). Citizens
of the World State are categorized into distinct social classes, before they come into
existence. Mr. Foster explains, "The lower the caste, the shorter the oxygen," and this
shows how chemical conditioning of the embryos presets the mentality and physical features
of individuals towards a certain standard specified by the government. (p. 29) In an
autocratic society whose aim is to maintain perfection, people no longer have the right to
choose who or what they want to be. The government engineers babies to grow into efficient
adults, who will then again contribute towards a stabilized society.


After birth babies' minds are altered to accept the moral education of the government. Two
processes the new world uses to control human judgement are the Neo-Pavlovian process and
hypnopaedia. The children, during early childhood, are trained to like and dislike certain
aspects of life, nature, and science so that they can consume the maximum resources. Beta
babies receive electric shocks in the presence of flowers and books and then the Director
teaches how, " They'll grow up with what the psychologists … call an ‘instinctive'
hatred of books and flowers … they'll be safe from books and botany all their lives,"
(p. 36). The conditioning of the children forms a barrier in their minds, so that they are
never free to decide for themselves, but are always bounded by the instructions of the
state. Thus, the government is achieving its goal, the maintenance of stability.


The Alpha students also got a chance to hear one of the hypnopaedic repetitions addressing
Beta babies which echoed, " Alpha children wear grey. They work much harder than we do,
because they are so frightfully clever. I'm really awfully glad I'm a Beta, because I
don't work so hard. And then we are much better than the Gammas and Deltas…" (p. 42).
The Director explains to his students how these phrases are repeated, " till at last the
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