Brave New World Introduction Essay

This essay has a total of 2231 words and 13 pages.

Brave New World Introduction

BRAVE NEW WORLD

Introduction
This novel was written by Aldous Huxley in 1932.

It is a fable about a world state in the 7th century A.F. (after Ford), where social
stability is based on a scientific caste system. Human beings, graded from highest
intellectuals to lowest manual workers, hatched from incubators and brought up in communal
nurseries, learn by methodical conditioning to accept they social destiny. The action of
the story develops round Bernard Marx, and an unorthodox and therefore unhappy alpha- plus
( something had presumably gone wrong with his antenatal treatment), who vivits a new
Mexican Reservetion and brings a savage back to London. The savage is at first fascinated
by the New World, but finally revolted, and his argument with Mustafa Mond, world
controller, demonstrate the incompability of individual freedom and a scientifically
trouble- free society.


In Brave New World Revisted 1958, Huxley reconsiders his prophecies and fears that some of
this might be coming true much sooner than he thought.


In Brave New World, he turned to the apologue. It was a descion that has profound
consequences upon his novels and upon his critical reputation.


In a 1961 interview Huxley explained his conception of Brave New World. "The new forces of
technology , pharmaceutics, and social conditioning can iron modern humans into a kind of
uniformity, if you were able to manipulate their genetic background. if you had a
government unscrupulous enough you could do these things without any doubt.we are getting
more and more into a position where these things can be achieved. And it is extremely
important to realize this, and to take every possible precaution to see they shall be not
achieved". One of the novel's chief rethorical strategies is to make all readers recognize
what so few characters can comprehend : that preserving freedom and diversity is necessary
to avoid suffering the repressions fostered by shallow ideas of progress.


Huxley makes his ironic stance clear from the beginning by contrasting the book's title
with the action of his first scene : counterpoint to the novel's opening at the central
London Hatchering and Conditioning Center, a factory that creates on a conveyor belt the
citizens for the Brave New World. BNW is one more memorable and successful for its overall
portrayal of a society that for its delination of plot or psychologically individualized
characters. In this world the method of "Bokanouski budding" allows the creation of 96
persons from one sperm and owon. Different chasses exist- Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and so on-
but their relations to each other and to society as awhole are stabilized by the painless
technique of "sleep teaching" that demonstrates to each individual the manifest rightness
of his or her place in the world.




Huxley,Leonard Aldous

Tall, witty, charismatic, conspicuosly handsome, a polymath, Aldous Huxley was an
intellectual lighthouse for more than forty years. He wrote poetry ; drama ; screenplays ;
journalism ; biography ; social, scientific and intellectual history ; he was a
distinguished essayist, but above all else, he was a novelist. Judged early by critics and
by a large popular audience as an original lamp of modern fiction, Huxley's work is now
best undestoos as a mirror that creatively distorts and reshapes two lines of the
narrative tradition.


He was born in Godalming 1894,Surrey,and studied in Eton and Oxford University. He worked
in various neewspaper and published four books of poems before appers his first published
fictoin, Limbo (1920), which includes six stories and a brief play.In 1921 Huxley wrote
his first novel, Crome Yellow. For the next 8 years Huxley published three novels. Each
was followed by a collection of stories : Antic hay (1923), by Little Mexican (1924).The
novel confirmed Huxley's relationship with the postwae generation ; Those BarrenLeaves
(1925) by Two or Three Graces (1926) ; (1930). and Point counter point (1928), by Brief
Candles that ilustrates the nihilist decade of 20's, and Brave New World (1932),
dehumanize vision, and an utopia from future, give him fame. During this period he lived
in Italy and French. In 1937 he went to United states. He wrote more than 45 books and
some of them are : Jesting pilate (1926),Brief candles(1930), Ape and esence (1948) and
Island (1962).


During the last ten years of his life, Huxley engaged in experiments with the
hallucinogenic drugs mescaline and LSD, under the supervision of a physician friend. In
The doors of perception(1954), he wrote about the insights and heightened perceptions he
experienced under the influence of the drugs.


Huxley was considered a citizen of the world and an inveterate traveller and a passionet student of all cultures.



Science as power

Technology has changed our lives, but science still waits. What has been taken to science
by political, social and economical sources is a very small part of the actual science and
a smaller part is taken to the science of future. Manhood, most of it, ignore science and
don't get involved on it. It is hard for a scientist to believe that science won't play a
more important role in society and that won't participate in the education training,in the
modification of economic and social relationships and, of course, in production and
development. But all of this let us think about the pourpose of it... We have thought of a
better society and if is possible to define a better society.


Scientificist ideology generates violence by itself, it is opressive and alienating and fossilize the social body.



A New Civilization

An utopian society where everything is controled by a scientific education and life is based on a technocratic system.

Here is the beginning of mass reproduction : men and women are standarized in uniform
groups, workers of a same firm are borned from the same ovule in ordered to obtain an
objective : Stability, Identity and a perfect community... An utopian society.


At the very beginning Huxley give us, to the readers, a trail, through the description he
does of a Center's room, of what we are going to imagine as a reality of a bad dream..


Brave New World is a benevolent dictatorship: static, efficient, totalitarian
welfare-state. There is no war, poverty or crime. Society is stratified by genetically
predestined-caste. Intellectually superior Alphas are the top-dogs. Servile, purposely,
brain-damaged Gammas, Deltas and Epsilons toil away at the bottom. The lower orders are
necessary in BNW because Alphas could allegedly never be happy doing menial jobs. It is
not explained why doing menial work is inconsistent with a life pharmacological hedonism
precoded wetware with invincible bliss.


Notionolly, BNW is set in the year 632 AF (after Ford).Its biotechnology is highly
advanced.Society does not have an historical basis because is banned by the controllers.
It does not interest to the society stability.They would uncover a blood-stained
horror-story.


BNW is a sterile productivist utopia geared to the consumption of mass-produced
goods.Society is shaped by a single all-embracing political ideology where world state is
Continues for 7 more pages >>




  • Critical Analysis of El Grecos View of Toledo
    Critical Analysis of El Grecos View of Toledo High atop a hill of granite, surrounded by the gorge and river Tagus sits the ancient and formidable gothic Cathedral and Moorish palace, Alcazar, of Toledo, Spain. Toledo\'s skyline has changed little since El Greco immortalized Spain\'s religious centre in 1597-9(Cardillac 28). El Greco\'s natural talents, his "schooling," and the flare of his adopted Spain, combined to produce an artistic genius. El Greco\'s ability to convey manneristic images th
  • Allen Ginsburg in America
    Allen Ginsburg in America Irwin Allen Ginsberg was born on June 3, 1926 in Newark, New Jeresy. Louis Ginsberg, Allens dad, was a published poet, a high school teacher and a Jewish Socialist. His wife, Naomi, was a radical Communist and nudist who went tragically insane in early adulthood. A shy and complicated child growing up in Paterson, New Jersey, Allen\'s home life was dominated by his mother\'s bizarre and frightening episodes. A severe paranoid, she trusted Allen when she was convinced t
  • War Against Marijuana Legalize it
    War Against Marijuana Legalize it War Against Marijuana A total of 3,470,545 Americans have been arrested for marijuana offenses. In 1997 state and local law enforcement arrested 695,200 people for marijuana violations. That number is the highest ever recorded by the FBI. Of the 682,885 arrests made in 1998, approximately 88% were for simple possession. The remaining 12% were for sale and manufacture. Every 52 seconds, a marijuana smoker is arrested in America. This is truly a waste of law enfor
  • Halucenigenic Plants
    Halucenigenic Plants Man has used hallucinogenic plants for thousands of years, probably since he began gathering plants for food. The hallucinogens have continued to receive the attention of civilized man through the ages. Recently, we have gone through a period during which sophisticated Western society has discovered hallucinogens, and some sectors of the society have taken up, for some reason or another, the use of such plants. This trend may be destined to continue. It is important for u
  • Your Lost Little Girl
    Your Lost Little Girl The song Your Lost Little Girl was a metaphorical symbolism for everything Morrison believed in. It reflects Jims terrible disposition for authority and his goal to show people the way to freedom. He believed that to accept authority was to become authority. His excessive drug use and drinking fueled him to write some of the most original and visionary music ever. It also led him to a mind state that left some people thinking him insane and others thinking him a god. Ja
  • Rock and Roll
    Rock and Roll Britannica.com Sounds of the Psychedelic Sixties by Lucy O\'Brien In 1967 the Beatles were in Abbey Road Studios putting the finishing touches on their album Sgt. Pepper\'s Lonely Hearts Club Band. At one point Paul McCartney wandered down the corridor and heard what was then a new young band called Pink Floyd working on their hypnotic debut, The Piper at the Gates of Dawn. He listened for a moment, then came rushing back. "Hey guys," he reputedly said, "There\'s a new band in the
  • Lewis Carroll
    Lewis Carroll Charles Lutwidge Dodgson: Nonsense Writer of the 1800 s Lewis Carroll is a well known and talked about author, whose writings have stirred up much controversy. His work has inspired ballot, puppet shows, and even music videos. (Vink). Lewis Carroll is an outstanding English writer because of his background, his position in English literature, and his many works, such as his novel, "Alice\'s Adventures in Wonderland." "‘Lewis Carroll,\' as he was to become known, was born on Janua
  • Jack Kerouac
    Jack Kerouac In the beginning Jack Kerouac lived a wild and exciting life outside the realm of everyday normal American life. Though On the Road and The Dharma Bums were Kerouac\'s only commercial sucesses, he was a man who changed American literature and pop-culture. Kerouac virtually created a life-style devoted to life, art, literature, music, and poetry. When his movement grew out of his control, he came to despise it, and died lonely on the other side of what he once loved and cherished abo
  • THE INFLUENCE OF THE PSYCHEDELIC MOVEMENT ON THE R
    THE INFLUENCE OF THE PSYCHEDELIC MOVEMENT ON THE RISE OF BUDDHISM IN THE AMERICAN EXPERIENCE THE INFLUENCE OF THE PSYCHEDELIC MOVEMENT ON THE RISE OF BUDDHISM IN THE AMERICAN EXPERIENCE by Jacob Curtis A study submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Asian Religions course Warren Wilson College 2003 In an attempt to synthesize my own personal academic area of interest, that is: the history of the psychedelic movement in twentieth century America, with the content of the Asian
  • Art, Literature And Society From 1955-1970
    Art, Literature And Society From 1955-1970 Fear and Loathing in a Clockwork AgeAh! The noble search for identity. That intangible achievement that all artists lust after and lay in torment over. And during the post war era that struggle reached incredible magnitudes. The world cried out for legions of anti-heroes, who were only virtuous in their unapologetic and brutally honest lack of virtue. And the art world provided as many counter culture messiahs as was needed to Damn the Man . The Beats,
  • Inventing Wonderland- the extern influences on Lew
    Inventing Wonderland- the extern influences on Lewis Carroll Inventing Wonderland About the extern influences on Lewis Carroll Table of contents 1. Introduction…………………………………………………………………………..3 2. Being childlike…………………………………………………………………...4 3. The Victorian image ofchildhood ……………….....6 4. Just good friends?.........................8 5. Other influences………………………
  • Neal Cassady
    Neal Cassady Neal Cassady: The Man Who Set The World Free Neal Cassady grew up as a quasi-homeless wayfaring boy with his alcoholic, unemployed father in the projects of Denver. His unconventional upbringing led to adolescence rife with theft, drug use, and extreme sexual awakening at a young age. Cassady grew up quite quickly and led an overexposed life, which foreshadows his death at the age of 42 of exposure, next to railroad tracks in Mexico. His life, however, seems to be regarded by many a
  • Led Zeppelin Houses of the Holy
    Led Zeppelin Houses of the Holy Led Zeppelin - Houses Of The Holy Led Zeppelin is arguably one of the best rock n\' roll bands of all time. They were collectively some of the best musicians ever to play rock n\' roll music, and were also great lyricists. Robert Plant (the lead vocalist) was quoted as saying that for some of the songs that he wrote, he felt that someone pushed the pen for him. Whether some mysterious force was moving his hand or not, one things for sure, Led Zeppelin wrote some t
  • Jack Kerouac
    Jack Kerouac In the beginning Jack Kerouac lived a wild and exciting life outside the realm of everyday normal American life. Though On the Road and The Dharma Bums were Kerouac\'s only commercial sucesses, he was a man who changed American literature and pop-culture. Kerouac virtually created a life-style devoted to life, art, literature, music, and poetry. When his movement grew out of his control, he came to despise it, and died lonely on the other side of what he once loved and cherished abo
  • Be smart
    be smart Erowid LSD Vault : Info #4 on the Effects of LSD Erowid is able to operate through the donations of visitors. Please consider joining. A Commentary on LSD Alice Dee LSD (D-Lysergic Acid Diethylamide, or Acid for short) can be a wonderful psychotropic ally, and is probably the most versatile psychedelic known to humanity. Its effects vary from simple stimulation, like a cup of coffee, that can facilitate intense focus for 8ish hours at the 25mcg dose range (excellent for programming, wri
  • Art, Literature and Society from 1955-1970
    Art, Literature and Society from 1955-1970 Fear and Loathing in a Clockwork Age Ah! The noble search for identity. That intangible achievement that all artists lust after and lay in torment over. And during the post war era that struggle reached incredible magnitudes. The world cried out for legions of anti-heroes, who were only virtuous in their unapologetic and brutally honest lack of virtue. And the art world provided as many counter culture messiahs as was needed to "Damn the Man". The Beats