Brave New World Introduction Essay

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Brave New World Introduction

BRAVE NEW WORLD

Introduction
This novel was written by Aldous Huxley in 1932.

It is a fable about a world state in the 7th century A.F. (after Ford), where social
stability is based on a scientific caste system. Human beings, graded from highest
intellectuals to lowest manual workers, hatched from incubators and brought up in communal
nurseries, learn by methodical conditioning to accept they social destiny. The action of
the story develops round Bernard Marx, and an unorthodox and therefore unhappy alpha- plus
( something had presumably gone wrong with his antenatal treatment), who vivits a new
Mexican Reservetion and brings a savage back to London. The savage is at first fascinated
by the New World, but finally revolted, and his argument with Mustafa Mond, world
controller, demonstrate the incompability of individual freedom and a scientifically
trouble- free society.


In Brave New World Revisted 1958, Huxley reconsiders his prophecies and fears that some of
this might be coming true much sooner than he thought.


In Brave New World, he turned to the apologue. It was a descion that has profound
consequences upon his novels and upon his critical reputation.


In a 1961 interview Huxley explained his conception of Brave New World. "The new forces of
technology , pharmaceutics, and social conditioning can iron modern humans into a kind of
uniformity, if you were able to manipulate their genetic background. if you had a
government unscrupulous enough you could do these things without any doubt.we are getting
more and more into a position where these things can be achieved. And it is extremely
important to realize this, and to take every possible precaution to see they shall be not
achieved". One of the novel's chief rethorical strategies is to make all readers recognize
what so few characters can comprehend : that preserving freedom and diversity is necessary
to avoid suffering the repressions fostered by shallow ideas of progress.


Huxley makes his ironic stance clear from the beginning by contrasting the book's title
with the action of his first scene : counterpoint to the novel's opening at the central
London Hatchering and Conditioning Center, a factory that creates on a conveyor belt the
citizens for the Brave New World. BNW is one more memorable and successful for its overall
portrayal of a society that for its delination of plot or psychologically individualized
characters. In this world the method of "Bokanouski budding" allows the creation of 96
persons from one sperm and owon. Different chasses exist- Alpha, Beta, Gamma, and so on-
but their relations to each other and to society as awhole are stabilized by the painless
technique of "sleep teaching" that demonstrates to each individual the manifest rightness
of his or her place in the world.




Huxley,Leonard Aldous

Tall, witty, charismatic, conspicuosly handsome, a polymath, Aldous Huxley was an
intellectual lighthouse for more than forty years. He wrote poetry ; drama ; screenplays ;
journalism ; biography ; social, scientific and intellectual history ; he was a
distinguished essayist, but above all else, he was a novelist. Judged early by critics and
by a large popular audience as an original lamp of modern fiction, Huxley's work is now
best undestoos as a mirror that creatively distorts and reshapes two lines of the
narrative tradition.


He was born in Godalming 1894,Surrey,and studied in Eton and Oxford University. He worked
in various neewspaper and published four books of poems before appers his first published
fictoin, Limbo (1920), which includes six stories and a brief play.In 1921 Huxley wrote
his first novel, Crome Yellow. For the next 8 years Huxley published three novels. Each
was followed by a collection of stories : Antic hay (1923), by Little Mexican (1924).The
novel confirmed Huxley's relationship with the postwae generation ; Those BarrenLeaves
(1925) by Two or Three Graces (1926) ; (1930). and Point counter point (1928), by Brief
Candles that ilustrates the nihilist decade of 20's, and Brave New World (1932),
dehumanize vision, and an utopia from future, give him fame. During this period he lived
in Italy and French. In 1937 he went to United states. He wrote more than 45 books and
some of them are : Jesting pilate (1926),Brief candles(1930), Ape and esence (1948) and
Island (1962).


During the last ten years of his life, Huxley engaged in experiments with the
hallucinogenic drugs mescaline and LSD, under the supervision of a physician friend. In
The doors of perception(1954), he wrote about the insights and heightened perceptions he
experienced under the influence of the drugs.


Huxley was considered a citizen of the world and an inveterate traveller and a passionet student of all cultures.



Science as power

Technology has changed our lives, but science still waits. What has been taken to science
by political, social and economical sources is a very small part of the actual science and
a smaller part is taken to the science of future. Manhood, most of it, ignore science and
don't get involved on it. It is hard for a scientist to believe that science won't play a
more important role in society and that won't participate in the education training,in the
modification of economic and social relationships and, of course, in production and
development. But all of this let us think about the pourpose of it... We have thought of a
better society and if is possible to define a better society.


Scientificist ideology generates violence by itself, it is opressive and alienating and fossilize the social body.



A New Civilization

An utopian society where everything is controled by a scientific education and life is based on a technocratic system.

Here is the beginning of mass reproduction : men and women are standarized in uniform
groups, workers of a same firm are borned from the same ovule in ordered to obtain an
objective : Stability, Identity and a perfect community... An utopian society.


At the very beginning Huxley give us, to the readers, a trail, through the description he
does of a Center's room, of what we are going to imagine as a reality of a bad dream..


Brave New World is a benevolent dictatorship: static, efficient, totalitarian
welfare-state. There is no war, poverty or crime. Society is stratified by genetically
predestined-caste. Intellectually superior Alphas are the top-dogs. Servile, purposely,
brain-damaged Gammas, Deltas and Epsilons toil away at the bottom. The lower orders are
necessary in BNW because Alphas could allegedly never be happy doing menial jobs. It is
not explained why doing menial work is inconsistent with a life pharmacological hedonism
precoded wetware with invincible bliss.


Notionolly, BNW is set in the year 632 AF (after Ford).Its biotechnology is highly
advanced.Society does not have an historical basis because is banned by the controllers.
It does not interest to the society stability.They would uncover a blood-stained
horror-story.


BNW is a sterile productivist utopia geared to the consumption of mass-produced
goods.Society is shaped by a single all-embracing political ideology where world state is
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