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Brave New World
Try to imagine yourself in an unnatural world where most people are produced in factories, where there is no freedom or morality as you know it, and you are considered a savage because of your human origin. It is exactly what Brave New World suggests.
Brave New World was first published in 1932 by Aldous Huxley. The “Brave New World” describes a society that attempts to be a perfect world, where every one lives in harmony.
In Brave New World, people are created on an assembly line, and there are no mothers and no fathers. People are typecast into their area of profession from before birth, if I can call it that. People are given drugs, “soma”, to control themselves, and there is no personal freedom. This book also illustrates that a utopia created can be an Eden or a hell, depending on the point of view. Personally, I think that Brave New World is hell! I think Huxley wrote this book to warn us about the dangerous development in the society. Biological experiments with gene-manipulation are increasing rapidly. For sure, there are laws against cloning and gene manipulation but that will just slow down the speed of these experiments. The challenge is too great for the scientist, and usually they are sponsored by people that want to be well-known in the whole world.
The characters from this book are described in such a way that readers can easily understand how they feel and have pain ( Bernard feels left out in the society) . In contrast, the other characters are described as brainwashed and government controlled individuals. While reading this, I felt like we (America) are entering in Huxley’s Brave New World today in 2000. Why? Because there are so many signals from the society on how to behave, and what to do with your life. Today, people who don’t behave the same as the others are looked upon as weird people e.g. if you don’t surf on the web, you are not in!)
Brave New world is about totalitarianism. The whole society is under control (dictatorship) and the people that live there think that they are free and happy but they aren’t. They are not free because they lost the right to be unhappy and to have emotions. The totalitarian regime must then ensure that people are happy with what they have , be able to control the behaviour of each individual, and ensure that independent thinkers like Bernard Marx are forbidden from disturbing the social fabric. That is the reason why they want to transfer Bernard to Iceland. There is no physically violence under totalitarianism. Instead, their police use soma-vaporisers to control the population.
There is a fundamental principle behind Brave New World society. It is called “utilitarianism”, which describes a society that seeks to create the maximum happiness. Through the use of science, people are not only created, but also conditioned to guarantee they will be happy members of the society. Limiting the intelligence of each person to fit the job which that person will be given is one way this society makes them happy. Alphas are given challenging jobs and Epsilons are given scrap jobs which would be boring for higher class members because they would be too much intelligent for that.
A group of children are trained by the “Neo- Pavlovian Conditioning” method at the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Center. ( p.17 from the Flamingo Edition) The Neo-Pavlovian conditioning is based on research by Pavlov who discovered the principles of conditioning and behaviourism.. Pavlov showed that animals can be trained to do an action through punishment and reward. This concept is extended to human by Huxley. Does Huxley want to advice us that sooner or later, humans will be treated the same as animal? The behaviour of Deltas is modified through the use of electric shocks and sirens whenever the babies touch roses or books. This is done to discourage behaviour that might destabilize society. Books and nature are banished from Brave New World. People who live there are more encouraged to consume in order to create more job.
Consumption is viewed as beneficial to Brave New World
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