Break Stalin Essay

This essay has a total of 1674 words and 6 pages.

Break Stalin

Break Stalin
Destalinization: A Wise Political Strategy Although many of his ideas did not bring the
expected results, Nikita Khrushchev policies of de-Stalinization were politically wise. He
went against many of Stalin's tyrannical policies and gave the people a much greater sense
of freedom. In the process known as 'de-Stalinization';, legal procedures were restored,
some greater degree of meaningful public controversy was permitted, forced labor camps
were closed and the secret police tactics of Stalin's era were erased. Stalin's method of
personal rule was replaced by group rule and more orderly processes of government, the
terror apparatus was largely dismantled, the economy was notably modernized and foreign
policy was conducted with much greater diplomatic initiative and flexibility. There was
free political discussion, a standard forty-hour work week where people were free to
change jobs, better government planning on production, and eased travel restrictions over
the 'Iron Curtain';. In the process of de-Stalinization the cities that were once named in
honor of Stalin were given new names or returned to their old names1. The statues and
pictures of Stalin were destroyed and letters were sent to families of those who were
killed in battle, which criticized Stalin's weak leadership during the time of the war.
Stalin's grave was vandalized during this process, and Khrushchev gained approval from the
West. These policies were used to erase the past and ease the minds of those who suffered
under the dictator2. Khrushchev worked to denounce his former leaders doings and clean up
the image of the nation on a worldwide scale. Khrushchev worked hard to be agreeable with
the majority of people he ruled. He sought to contrast his own present policies with the
extremities of Stalinism, and therefore restore public confidence in the Soviet system.3
Perhaps the most notable example of de-Stalinization was where Khrushchev denounced Stalin
and criticized the dictator along with those who agreed with his views. These views which
murdered so many Russian Citizens. At the 20th All-Union Party Congress (1956) where
Khrushchev delivered a 'secret'; report on 'The Personality Cult and Its Consequences,';
bitterly denouncing the rule, policies, and personality of Stalin.4 The speech was
supposedly kept a secret so that the Capitalist media would not receive word of it and
gain an edge over the Communists if they knew of the problems occurring within the party.
Khrushchev accused Stalin of being responsible for mass murders and deportations, the
German invasion during World War II (1939-1945), and the USSR's break with Yugoslavia.
During this period the public was given a say in the government, even though an extremely
minor one, and the judicial system eased it's aggressiveness allowing a defendant a better
chance of defending themselves. This was called The Associates Credit Card ServicesThe
Associates Credit Card Services thaw, which meant the relaxation of police terror, the
release of hundreds of thousands from labor camps, and the relaxation of censorship. A new
policy of economy was brought in known as 'New Course';. Khrushchev concerned himself with
bettering the troubles of the individual, attempting to increase the supply of food and
making goods such as home appliances, making automobiles somewhat available, and providing
more housing. A new policy of efficiency and quality control was brought in. Leadership
was somewhat decentralized to allow common managers and directors more power to run their
production units. It helped to balance the agriculture and increase food production so
there were less food shortages. Machine and Tractor Stations (MTSs) were set up in the
countryside with skilled mechanics employed to provide and service agricultural machinery.
The districts were allowed to decide on what crops to plant and when, rather than being
directed from the center. Quotas for compulsory sale to the state were eased. Thousands of
young people and Party workers were dispatched as labor and supervisory personnel to do
the job. Also Khrushchev initiated the Virgin Lands Program in 1953, introducing intensive
irrigation to increase arable land and thus raise food production bringing into
cultivation 32 million acres of previously uncultivated land in Kazakhstan and
southwestern Siberia. 85,000,000 additional acres of land were under cultivation by 1956..
All these measures were identified with Khrushchev, who evidently took over agricultural
policy from Malenkov in September 1953. In January 1955 Khrushchev demanded that around
seventy million acres be planted in corn for fodder in order to increase livestock
production. The resulting cornfields, on flat and hilly country, in cold and warm regions,
earned him the nickname of kukuruzchik ('the corn enthusiast';). Soil erosion and
unpredictable weather wiped out whole harvests, and by the mid-1960s sandstorms became a
serious problem. Despite everything, the project of expanding agriculture into the virgin
lands succeeded, and to this day form a major part of the region's grain sources. In 1954,
the virgin lands provided 37 million tons of the country's 85 million tons of grain. In
1956, 63m of a total of 125m tons; in 1962, 56m of a total of 140m; in 1963, 38m of 108m;
in 1964, 66m of 152m. Khrushchev wanted a 'peaceful coexistence'; between the US and the
Soviet Union, and met with the American leadership on several occasions. He cancelled a
summit meeting in Paris when an American plane was shot down while spying on the Soviet
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