Bronchitis

This essay has a total of 782 words and 5 pages.

Bronchitis



Bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchi. It may develop suddenly,
following a head cold (acute bronchitis), or it may persist or return
regularly for many years, causing progressive degeneration of the bronchi
and lungs (chronic bronchitis). Certain people are more susceptible than
others; Men are more of a target to bronchitis than women, out numbering
them 10 to 1 cc the reasons are unclear. Of course smokers are 50 times
more likely to get chronic bronchitis than noncsmokers. Acute bronchitis
is a bacteria or virus infection, often following a cold smoking. People
who have acute bronchitis usually have a mild fever, soreness under breast
bone, irritated by coughing. First they have a dry cough then the cough
later brings up green and yellow mucus. The cough may persist to 4 to 6
weeks. Chronic bronchitis is produced by other chronic problem:
sinusitis, smoking, TB, etc. The Bronchi becomes thick, inelastic, and
accumulate mucus and pus in lower part of lungs instead of bringing
discharges up and out. The result is chronic cough, shortness of breath,
sometimes spasm, and frequent infection.

In acute bronchitis, the basic symptoms are a head cold, fever and chills,
running nose, aching muscles and possibly back pains. This is soon
followed by the obvious persistent cough. At first the cough is dry and
racking and eventually becomes phlegmy. The persistent cough is worse at
night than during the day, and when the person breathes in smoke and fumes.

The main symptoms most recognized in chronic bronchitis is, again, a cough,
with sputum, often occurring in paroxysms. Other symptoms in chronic
bronchitis are dependant on how much, or how little, emphysema is present.
This disorder causes the lungs to become overstretched, making the
breathing process difficult. The chronic bronchitic with no emphysema tends
to be overweight and often has a bluish tinge to his or her lips due to
lack of oxygen. Shortness of breath only occurs during exercise and
other strenuous activity. The bronchitic with a great deal of emphysema,
who has lost a lot of his or her oxygen cc exchanging ability, due to the
condition, is short of breath at all times. The bronchitic with emphysema
very often are underweight and, as the disease comes worse, develops a
barrel chest. The Chronic bronchitic also wheezes because of the
obstruction.

NOTE: Emphysema is a state of overdistention of the tiny air-containing
sacs of the lung.

The cause of bronchitis are from viral or bacterial infections which
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