Brown vs board of ed Essay

This essay has a total of 713 words and 4 pages.


brown vs board of ed




Brown Vs. Board of Education

Through out history there have been many pivotal court cases that have forever altered
towns , states , and even some that have altered the history of countries. Amongst these
cases which have altered the history of countries Brown vs. Board of Education stands.
Like anything pivotal there are many elements involved within the issue, background, and
the impact of the decision. In Brown Vs. Board of Education there are three main points
involved which made it so pivotal, the issue with which it was based, the historical
background, and the after affect it had on the south .

"Before 1954 most public school systems in the south- and some in the north as well-were
racially segregated"(Tackach 8). Although the basis for the case was that the school
systems were racially segregated and unequal. The root of this is found both further back
in the past and also right up until the supreme court had reached its verdict. The
historical basis for this was " A case called Plessy Vs. Furguson" (Goldish 40) which
stated " That there could be " separate but equal" facilities for both blacks and
whites"(Goldish 40).Theoretically this works, thought in practice " The obvious purpose of
segregation laws was to keep African Americans-the children and grandchildren of slave
owners-in an inferior position in American society"(Tackach 8). Further ]reinforcing the
inequality of "separate but equal" was the fact that "No black schools were equal to
white schools"(Patrick 49).

Another aspect of Brown Vs. Board of Education which helped contribute to it being a
successful and therefor pivotal case was that historical background to the case. Part of
the historical background to the case is what caused Mr. Brown and Mrs. Brown to sue the
Board of Education. They were suing the "School board for denying their Eight-year-old
daughter , Linda , admission to a school only 5 blocks from the house…solely because she
was black"(Patrick 48). Although they had seemingly what was legally right on their side
along with that the "NAACP provided these parents with legal help"(Patrick 48). This
proved to be a substantial help to the Browns because the "NAACP legal counsel
successfully argued a number of Supreme Court cases"(Patrick 48).

The end result of the case was that "Separate but equal" was in actuality not equal at all
and that at least one part of the 14th amendment which allowed " separate but equal"
facilities , was overturned. Now that the case was done though there was much more to be
done before the decision carried out in full. While trying to enforce this new decision
there was much resistance encountered coming form the south. Events such as "Southern
public officials encouraged resistance to the Supreme Court decision"(Baum 185 ) and the
"Southern members of Congress"(Baum 48) signing a " Southern Manifesto that attacked the
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