Capital Punishment

This essay has a total of 751 words and 3 pages.

Capital Punishment

Capital punishment is necessary in order for justice to prevail. Capital punishment is the
execution of criminals for committing crimes, so bad that this is the only acceptable
punishment. Capital punishment lowers the murder rate, but its value as retribution alone
is a good reason for handing out death sentences. It is one of the only fair punishments
allowed by the judicial system. Another issue is that it saves money compared to the
alternative of life in prison.
In 1972, in the case of Furman vs. Georgia, declared capital punishment cruel and
unusual punishment. However after the Supreme Court Decision of Gregg vs. Georgia,
the Supreme Court said that capital punishment was not unconstitional and the capital
punishment resumed under new guidelines.
There are seven main types of execution: Hanging, where the prisoner is
blindfolded and stands on a trap door, with a rope around his neck. The trap door is
opened suddenly. The weight of the prisoner's body below the neck causes traction
separating the spinal cord from the brain. The second most widely used technique is
shooting, where a firing quad shoots the prisoner from some meters away. Another
method is Guillotine, a device consisting of a heavy blade held aloft between upright
guides and dropped to behead the victim below. Then there was Garroting, in which a
tightened iron collar is used to strangle or break the neck of a condemned person. One of
the more recent is Electrocution where the prisoner is fastened to a chair by his chest,
groin, arms and legs. Electrodes are placed around a band around the head, then jolts of
4-8 amperes at voltage between 500 and 2000 volts are applied at half a minute at a time.
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