Career Management in the 21st Century1 Essay

This essay has a total of 1584 words and 7 pages.


Career Management in the 21st Century1




There are a small number of people able to determine what they want to be when they grow
up just as soon as they are able to talk, but the truth is, by the time they graduate high
school, they change their mind at least five times. When a person first enters high
school, their teachers and guidance counselors should lay out what classes must be
completed in order to enter college. By the time one reaches their senior year, their
career path(s) and a career outline that supports the path should already have been
determined. In addition, a realistic set of goals should be created. An individual
should research the best school that meets their career choices, know what college classes
must be taken, and lastly should begin researching jobs for the chosen career choice.
However, despite all this planning, a career path is still not actually defined until an
individual’s sophomore year in college.

According to the article "Career Entrenchment” the authors stated "many people choose
their career at the age of eighteen or nineteen, before they know all about the available
choices" (Carson & Carson, 1996). Career management is a necessity because an individual
can plan their career early so they will avoid being forced into a job with which they are
unsatisfied. The authors also stated that "Individuals too often select careers based on
their perceived ability, experience, or skill…" not by their interests (Carson & Carson,
1996). Thus, career management is an essential aspect regarding one’s personal plans for
the future.

Individuals should always choose a career that interests them as opposed to one based on
salary or perceived success. That way, changes can be made if they occur and a person
will know how to balance their personal life and their career. Career Management for the
21st Century is a necessity because there must be a developed method of job search
strategies and a developed back-up plan in case of career change. Job searches should be
initiated as early as possible, as all too often, it takes a fair amount of time to find
and land a job that suits both a person's physical and mental needs.

There are three important methods of job search strategies necessary for finding one’s
optimal career choice: networking through people and agencies, developing an outstanding
resume, and attaining an interview. The key to success is networking. It is important to
establish relationships with people because in the twenty-first century, it is "who you
know.” Many people rely on newspaper ads, relatives, friends, and word of mouth for new
job leads. These people can be the most reliable informants to a person because either
they work in the company, allowing them to advise you immediately of openings, or they
know someone in the company who can assist with the job leads. Through them, it is easier
to get notices of new job openings before they are publicized to the open market. These
informants can also serve as quality personal references for the applicant's resume.
Networking will help open doors for a person, but their skills are what will be focused on
and judged.

Along with networking, there are other agencies that assist with job opportunities like:
the state employment agencies, private employment agencies, the internet, recruiters,
career centers, job fairs, etc. (Microsoft Money, page 5). Headhunters are the only types
that actually operate on a “for profit” basis. The remainder (i.e., not-for-profit) are
free to all. Every state has a non-profit public department of labor board that provides
help to individuals who are in search of job opportunities. Public agencies get their job
leads from the companies themselves to help the company to recruit qualified individuals
for the job. When individuals go to these public agencies, their skills and experience
are assessed and then the individual is referred to the company for an interview.

The Internet has become one of the most popular methods of job hunting. Many agencies
advertise job openings through there own company web site or through popular Internet job
websites - like Yahoo, Lycos, Hotbot, etc. All of these agencies and websites provide
general overviews of the companies, the position(s) offered, and the skills and
experiences required for the job, location, and the salary. In addition, info from
resources such as the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT) is available. It lists
descriptions of job titles and occupations, work activities, and skills, knowledge, and
abilities needed for specified occupations. "No person or agency should be overlooked as
potential sources of information about available jobs" (page 5).
Continues for 4 more pages >>




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