Careers and Colleges Essay

This essay has a total of 1706 words and 9 pages.

Careers and Colleges



Research Project: Careers and Colleges
It is difficult for first time job hunters to have realistic ideas about how to profit
from their skills. This is why it is important to investigate what career you may be
interested in and what colleges will enable you to excell in that career. The profession
that I am interested into going into is an elementary school teacher. Fordham University
and New York University are two colleges that offer excellent elementary education
programs.

Throughout this report I will be discussing information related to the career as well as
information dealing with the colleges.

Career: Elementary School Teacher
Work Description
School teachers at the elementary level introduce children to the basic concepts of
mathematics, language, science, and social studies. They aid children in the development
of good study and work habits and help them aquire the skills necessary for further
education. They evaluate each child and work with parents to provide whatever help a
child may need to develop his or her full potential.

Elementary school teachers are also concerned with the social development and health of
their students. They work to resolve behavior or personality problems and are alert to
health problems or illness. In these early years, teachers try to give students as much
individual attention as possible.

Elementary school teachers usually instruct one class of children in several subjects.
They are occupied directly with children for most of the school day, although they also
prepare lessons, meet with parents, attend faculty meetings, and supervise activities
after school.

Working Conditions
Seeing students develop new skills and gain an appreciation of knowledge and learningn can
be very rewarding. However, teaching may be frustrating when the teacher has to deal with
unmotivated and disrespectful students. Teachers may also expeirience stress when dealing
with large classes and heavy workloads. Teachers face isolation from their colleagues
since they often work alone in a classroom of students. However, this autonomy provides
teachers with freedom to choose there own teaching methods.

Including school duties performed outside the classroom, many teachers work more than 40
hours a week. Most teachers work the traditional 10-month school year with a 2-month
vacation during the summer. Teachers who teach 10 months may teach in the summer, take
other jobs, travel, or persue other personal interests. Many inroll in college course or
workshops to continue their education. Teachers in districts with a year-round schedule
usually work 8 weeks, and are on vacation for 1 week, and have a 5-week midwinter.

Places of Employment
Elementary teahcers work in every geographic area. They work in cities and towns of all
sizes and in rural areas throughout the United States. Elementay school teachers
generally work in elementary schools. The grades in elementary schools vary but many
schools consist of kindergaten through fifth grade. Although it changes from state to
state, the elementary level usually includes kindergaten through sixth grade.

Education and Training
All states and the District of Columbia require that elementary school teachers in the
public schools be certified by the state board of education, the state superintendent of
eduaction, or a certification advisory commitee. The general prerequisites are a
bachelorís degree, completion of an approved teacher education program, and a period of
supervised teacher education program. Many states require a certain grade point average
in education courses before granting certification. Certification may also be specific to
the level being taught or it may be specific to a specialization.

Many teacher education programs include courses in the psychology of learning, child
development, and teaching methods. Thirty-five ststes test basic skills, teaching skills,
or specific subject matters for those seeking certification, and almost all require
continuing certification for recertification. Teachers can also earn regional or national
accreditation, the lattter granted by the National Council for Accreditation of Teaching
Education (NCATE). Teachers in private schools are not generally required to take a
teacherís education program, and private schools often do not require the bachelorís
degree.

Job Outlook
In 1986 there were more than 1.5 million elementary school teachers for about 30 million
students in classes from kindergarten through the eigth grade. More than 80 percent work
in the oublic school system and teach in schools with classes from kindergarten through
the sixth grade. Through the year 2000 the demand for elementary school teachers should
increase in response to increased enrollments. However, the number of teachers is also
expected to increase, so there should be strong competition for jobs. Oppurtunities are
likely to be better in the West and the South, where population has risen dramatically in
the past decade. Hiring for the public schools depends entirly on budget appropriations,
which depend in turn on taxpayersí priorities. Despite the importance of teaching,
education competes with other essential services for revenue dollars.

Salary Range
According to the National Education Association, the estimated average salary of all
public elementary and secondary school teachers in the 1995-1996 school year was $37,900.
Private school teachers generally earn less than public school teachers. In 1996, over
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